Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

漢譯パーリ語辭典 黃秉榮譯
upacāra:m.[<upa-car] 接近,習慣,近郊,擲石所及所,近行.-samādhi 近行定.
パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
upacāra:m.[<upa-car] 接近,習慣,近郊,擲石所及所,近行.-samādhi 近行定.
《巴漢詞典》Mahāñāṇo Bhikkhu編著
Upacāra,【陽】 附近,準備或初步的行動。(p71)
《巴漢詞典》明法尊者增訂
Upacāra,【陽】附近,準備或初步的行動。upacāra-samādhi﹐近行定或近分定(已降伏五蓋,靠近禪那的定力,已具有五禪支,但不穩定)。初禪定與近行定共為「有尋有伺」(savitakka-savicāra)。Vism.126:「這裏「於近行地」則以舍斷諸蓋而等持於心,「於獲得地」(安止地)則以諸支現前(而等持於心)。這二種定有如下的種種作用:於近行定,諸支是不強固的,因為諸支未生強力之故。譬如幼孩,引他站立而屢屢跌倒在地,如是於近行生起時,他的心有時以相為所緣有時墮於有分。於安止定則諸支強固,因為有強力之故。譬如有力之人,從坐而起,可以整天的站立,如安止定生起之時,則他的心一時斷絕有分,整夜整日亦可持續,因以善的速行次第(相續)作用。」Vibhv.PTS:p.114.︰Nāccāsannopi hi nātidūrappavatti samīpacārī nāma hoti,appanaṁ upecca caratīti vā upacāraṁ.(非常接近、不太遠、接近之稱;運行於靠近了安止,稱為‘近行’。)。Vibhv.p.197.︰Nīvaraṇavikkhambhanato paṭṭhāya gotrabhūpariyosānā kāmāvacarabhāvanā upacārabhāvanā nāma.(自從鎮伏(五)蓋以來,到種姓心的盡頭,在欲界的修習,稱為‘近行修習’。)
Pali Word Grammar from Pali Myanmar Dictionary
upacāra: upacāra(pu,na)
ဥပစာရ(ပု၊န)
«upa+cara+ṇa»
[ဥပ+စရ+ဏ]
Buddhist Dictionary by NYANATILOKA MAHATHERA
upacāra:'moment of access'; s.javana

upacāra-samādhi:'neighbourhood or access-concentrationn',is the degree of concentration just before entering any of the absorptions,or jhānas.It still belongs to the sensuous sphere (kāmāvacara ; s.avacara).
Concise Pali-English Dictionary by A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera
upacāra:[m.] neighbourhood; preparative or preliminary action.
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Upacāra,[fr.upa + car] -- 1.approach,access Vin.II,120,152; IV,304; J.I,83,172; DhsA.328 (phal°).-- 2.habit,practice,conduct Vin.II,20 (dassan°); SnA 140 (id.); J.III,280.-- 3.way,means application,use of (esp.of spells etc.) J.III,280 (mantassa); VI,180; Miln.153,154 (dur° an evil spell); VvA.127 (gram.t.t.kāraṇ°).-- 4.entrance,access,i.e.immediate vicinity or neighbourhood of (-°) J.IV,182 (nagar°); usually as gām° Vin.I,109; III,46; IV,230; KhA 77; SnA 83,179.-- 5.attention,attendance Vin.IV,272; J.VI,180; Miln.154.-- 6.civility,polite behaviour J.II,56; VI,102.-- 7.On upacāra as philos,t.t.and its relation to appanā see Dhs.trsln. 53,54; Cpd.55; Mystic p.XI.Thus used of samādhi (neighbourhood-,or access-concentration,distinguishing it from appanā-samādhi) at Vism.85,126,144 and passim.(Page 140)
Pali Viet Dictionary Bản dịch của ngài Bửu Chơn.
UPACĀRA:[m] sự kế cận,hành vi,sự khởi đầu
Tipiṭaka Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary တိပိဋက-ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္
upacāra:ဥပစာရ(ပု၊န)
[ဥပ+စရ+ဏ]
(၁) ဥပစာအရပ္၊ အနီးအရပ္။ (၂) ဥပစာရစ်ာန္။ အပၸနာ၏ အနီး၌ ျဖစ္ေသာ-စ်ာန္-စ်ာန္ေဇာ၊ ဥပစာရသမာဓိေဇာ။ (၃) (တိုက္႐ိုက္မဟုတ္ပဲ) တင္စား၍ ေခၚေဝၚေျပာဆိုျခင္း၊ တင္စား၍ ေျပာဆိုအပ္ေသာ စကား၊ ဥပစာစကား။မူရင္းၾကည့္ပါ။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
upacāra:ဥပ-စာရ (တိ)
နီးေသာ။ အနီး၌ က်က္စားေသာ။
ဝိဟာရႆူပပစာေရ၊ ေက်ာင္း၏အနီးအနား၌။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
upacāra:ဥပ-စာရ (ပ) (ဥပ√စရ္+ဏ)
အနီးအနား။ အနီးျဖစ္ေသာ အရပ္။ အနီး၌ က်င္လည္ျခင္း။ အပၸနာ၏အနီးျဖစ္ေသာ တရား။ အနီးျဖစ္ေသာ ကာမာဝစရဈာန္။ တင္စားျခင္း။
ဥစာရဝေသန၊ တင္စားျခင္း၏ အစြမ္းျဖင့္။

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