Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

漢譯パーリ語辭典 黃秉榮譯
upa-:pref.[〃] 近,副的; 帶,帶領(學生,同伴等).
パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
upa-:pref.[〃] 近く,副の,隨える.
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Upa-,[Vedic upa; Av.upa on,up; Gr.u(pό under,u(pέr over; Lat.sub fr.*(e)ks-upo; Goth.uf under & on; Ohg.ūf = Ags.up = E.up; Oir.fo under.See also upari] prefix denoting nearness or close touch (cp.similarly ā),usually with the idea of approach from below or rest on top,on,upon,up,by.-- In compn. a upa is always contracted to upa,e.g.devūpaṭṭhāna,lokûpaga,puññûpatthambhita.-- Meanings:(1) (Rest):on upon,up --:°kiṇṇa covered over; °jīvati live on (cp.anu°); °tthambhita propped up,sup-ported; °cita heaped up,ac-cumulated; °dhāreti hold or take up; °nata bent on; °nissaya foundation; °nissita depending on etc.-- (2) (Aim):(out) up to (the speaker or hearer); cp.the meanings developed out of this as “higher,above” in upara,upari,upama = Lat.superus,supremus E.g.°kaḍḍhati drag on to; °kappati come to,accrue; °kappana ad-ministering; °kāra service to; °kkhata administered; °gacchati go to,ap-proach (cp.upâtigacchati); °disati ad-vise; °dhāvati run up to:°nadati to sound out; °nikkhamati come out up to; °nisevita gone on to or after; °neti bring on to; etc.-- (3) (Nearness):close by,close to,near,“ad-”; e.g.°kaṇṇaka close to the ear; °cāra ap-plication; °ṭṭhāna at-tending; ṭṭhita ap-proached; °tiṭṭhati stand by,look after; °dduta urged; °nāmeti place close to; °nibandhati tie close to; °nisīdati sit close to or down by.-- (4) (Intensive use):quite,altogether,“up”; e.g.°antika quite near; °chindati cut up.-- (5) (Diminutive use as in Lat.subabsurdus; Gr.u(poλeukos whitish; Oir.fo-dord; Cymr.go-durdd murmur):nearly,about,somewhat,a little,secondary,by --,miniature,made after the style of,e.g.°aḍḍha about half; °kacchaka like a little hollow; °kaṇḍakin (= °paṇḍukin? whitish); °deva a minor god; °nibha somewhat similar to; °nila bluish; upapurohita minor priest; uparajja viceroyalty; upalohitaka,uparopa; °vana a little forest.etc.Note.The nearest semantie affinity of upa is ā°.(Page 138)

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