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|Buddhist Dictionary by NYANATILOKA MAHATHERA|
|ti-saraṇa：'Threefold Refuge'，in which every faithful adherent of the Buddha puts his whole trust，consists in the Buddha，the Dhamma and the Saṃgha（s．prec．）．
The Buddha，or Enlightened One，is the teacher who by himself has discovered，realized and proclaimed to the world the law of deliverance．The Dhamma is the law of deliverance．The Saṃgha is the community of the disciples，who have realized or are striving to realize the law of deliverance．
The 3-fold Refuge in Pāḷi，by the uttering of which one may also outwardly profess one's faith，is still the same as in the Buddha's time，namely：
Buddhaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi
Dhammaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi
Saṃghaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi
I take my refuge in the Buddha!
I take my refuge in the Dhamma!
I take my refuge in the Saṃgha!
Literature：The Threefold Refuge by Nyanaponika Thera （WHEEL 76）．- Devotion in Buddhism （WHEEL 18）．Going for Refuge，by Bhikkhu Bodhi （WHEEL 282/284） - Khp．Tr．pp．4ff．