Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Tambapanni:The name given to that district in Ceylon where Vijaya landed after leaving Suppāraka (Mhv.vi.47; Dpv.ix.30).It is said to have been so called because when Vijaya’s followers,having disembarked from the ship,sat down there,wearied,resting their hands on the ground,they found them coloured by the red dust that lay there.Later on Vijaya founded his capital in Tambapanni,and following that the whole island came to bear the same name (Dpv.vii.38-42).Tambapanni was originally inhabited by Yakkhas,having their capital at Sirīsavatthu (q.v.).The Valāhassa Jātaka (J.ii.129) speaks of a Tambapannisara.According to the Samyutta Commentary (ii.83; but in VbhA.p.444 it is spoken of as tiyojana satika),the Tambapannidīpa was one hundred leagues in extent.

Anurādhapura formed the Majjhimadesa in Tambapannidīpa,the rest being the Paccantimadesa (AA.i.265).

In Asoka’s Rock Edicts II.and XIII.Tambapanni is mentioned as one of the Pratyanta desas,together with Coda,Pāndya,Satiyaputta,Keralaputta,and the realm of Antiyaka Yonarāja,as an unconquered territory with whose people Asoka was on friendly terms.Vincent Smith (Asoka (3rd edn.),p.163; but see Ind.Antiq.,1919,p.195f ) identifies this,not with Ceylon,but with the river Tāmraparni in Tinnevelly.

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