Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

漢譯パーリ語辭典 黃秉榮譯
Takkasilā:f.[Sk.Takṣaśilā] 德迦屍羅,タクシラ(Takkasilā) [印度西北的都市].
パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
Takkasilā:f.[Sk.Takṣaśilā] 徳迦ㄕ羅,タクシラ [西北インドの都市].
巴利語匯解&巴利新音譯 瑪欣德尊者
Takkasilā:(城市名)答咖西喇, (古音譯:)德叉屍羅,呾叉始羅
《巴漢詞典》Mahāñāṇo Bhikkhu編著
Takkasilā,【陰】 呾叉始羅(健陀羅國 (Gandhāra) 的一座城市的名字。在那裏有一所眾所周知的大學)。(p140)
《巴漢詞典》明法尊者增訂
Takkasilā,【陰】呾叉始羅(犍陀羅國 (Gandhāra) 的一城名。在那裏有一所衆所周知的大學)。
Pali Word Grammar from Pali Myanmar Dictionary
takkasilā: takkasilā(thī)
တကၠသိလာ(ထီ)
[takka+si (sī)lā.(takvagilā-saṃ)]
[တကၠ+သိ (သီ)လာ။ (တကြဂိလာ-သံ)]
Concise Pali-English Dictionary by A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera
takkasilā:[f.] name of city in Gandāra,where was well known university.
Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Takkasilā:The capital of Gandhāra.It is frequently mentioned as a centre of education,especially in the Jātakas.It is significant that it is never mentioned in the suttas,though,according to numerous Jātaka stories,it was a great centre of learning from pre-Buddhistic times.The Commentaries mention that in the Buddha’s day,also,princes and other eminent men received their training at Takkasilā.Pasenadi,king of Kosala,Mahāli,chief of the Licchavis,and Bandhula,prince of the Mallas,were classmates in the university of Takkasilā (DhA.i.337).Among others described as being students of Takkasilā are Jīvaka,Angulimāla,Dhammapāla of Avanti,Kanhadinna,Bhāradvāja and Yasadatta (q.v.).



From Benares to Takkasilā was a distance of two thousand yojanas (J.i.395),though we are told that sometimes the journey was accomplished in one day (J.ii.47).The road passed through thick jungle infested by robbers (DhA.iv.66).Takkasilā was,however,a great centre of trade; people flocked to it from various parts of the country (MNid.i.154),not only from Benares,but also from Sāvatthi,from which city the road lay through Soreyya (DhA.i.326).In ancient times students came to the university from Lāla (J.i.447),from the Kuru country (DhA.iv.88),from Magadha (J.v.161),and from the Sivi country (J.v.210).



The students in the university studied the three Vedas and the eighteen sciences (vijjā) (J.i.159),which evidently included the science of archery (J.i.356; DhA.iv.66; also medicine and surgery,Vin.i.269f),the art of swordmanship (J.v.128),and elephant-craft (hatthi-sutta) (J.ii.47).Mention is also made of the study of magic,such as the ālambanamanta,for charming snakes (J.iv.457),and the Nidhiuddharanamanta,for recovering buried treasure (J.iii.116).The students were also taught the science of ritual (manta) (J.ii.200); but in this branch of learning Benares seems to have had a greater reputation,for we find students being sent there from Takkasilā in order to learn the mantas (DhA.iii.445).



The students generally paid a fee to the teacher on admission,the usual amount being one thousand gold pieces.They waited on the teacher by day and were taught by him at night.The paying students were entitled to various privileges,and lived with the teacher as members of his family,enjoying his constant company.The students seem mostly to have done their own domestic work,leading a co-operate life,gathering their own firewood and cooking their meals,though mention is made of servants,both male and female,helping in the various tasks (J.i.319).



Only brāhmanas and khattiyas appear to have been eligible for admission to Takkasilā (J.iv.391).

Discipline was evidently very rigorous,a breach of the rules being severely punished,irrespective of the status of the pupil,who was sometimes flogged on the back with a bamboo stick (J.ii.277f).Often the most promising students were given the daughters of the teachers in marriage as a mark of very special favour.(E.g.,DhA.iv.66.Elsewhere (J.vi.347) it is stated that the teacher’s daughter was given to the eldest pupil).



Sometimes the teacher and his pupils were invited to a meal at the house of a chief man of the city (J.iv.391).The principal teacher was called Disāpāmokkhācariya; under him were assistants,usually chosen from among his students,who were called pitthiācariyā (E.g.,J.ii.100).



Takkasilā,being the capital of Gandhāra,was probably also the seat of government.Bimbisāra’s contemporary in Gandhāra was Pukkusāti (J.i.399; ii.218).Mention is made in the Jātakas of a Takkasilā-rājā (AA.i.153; MA.i.335; ii.979,987f).According to the Kumbhakāra Jātaka (q.v.),Takkasilā was the capital of Naggaji.The Dīpavamsa (iii.31) records that twelve kings,descendants of Dīpankara,ruled in succession at Takkasilā.



It is said in the Divyāvadāna (p.371) that Bindusāra’s empire included Takkasilā.There was once a rebellion there and Asoka was sent to quell it.From the minor Rock Edict II.of Asoka it would appear that Takkasilā was the headquarters of a provincial government at Gandhāra,placed under a Kumāra or Viceroy.A rebellion broke out there again in the time of Asoka,who sent his son Kunāla to settle it.



Takkasilā is identified with the Greek Taxila,in Rawalpindi in the Punjab.
Pali-Dictionary Vipassana Research Institute
takkasilā:The city of Takshashila in the Punjab
Pali Viet Dictionary Bản dịch của ngài Bửu Chơn.
TAKKASILĀ:[f] tên một thị trấn trong xứ Gandhāra (nơi đó có một đại học nổi tiếng)
Tipiṭaka Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary တိပိဋက-ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္
takkasilā:တကၠသိလာ(ထီ)
[တကၠ+သိ (သီ)လာ။ (တကြဂိလာ-သံ)]
တကၠသိုလ္ၿမိဳ႕၊ တတ္ေကာင္းစကားပညာမ်ိဳးစုံႏွင့္ စပ္လ်ဉ္း၍-ၾကံစည္-တီထြင္-ျခင္း အေလ့အထရွိရာ ၿမိဳ႕၊ ေယာက္က်ားတို႔-တတ္သင့္-တတ္ထိုက္-ေသာ ေလာကီအတတ္ပညာမ်ားကို အယုတ္အေလ်ာ့မရွိ အၿပီးတိုင္ ပါရဂူေျမာက္ေအာင္-ေဆာင္ယူ-ျဖည့္စြက္ျခင္း-အမႊန္းတင္ျခင္း-အေခ်ာသပ္ျခင္း-ရွိရာၿမိဳ႕၊ ဂႏၶာရတိုင္း၏ အတတ္ၿမိဳ႕ေတာ္။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
takkasilā:တကၠသိလာ (ဣ) (တကၠ=တစၧ=လက္သမား+သိလာ=ေက်ာက္)
တကၠသိုလ္ျပည္။ ဂႏၶာရတိုင္း ယခုပန္ဂ်ာပ္၌ ရွိသည္။ ေတာင္ေပါက္ဆရာေတာ္၏ အလိုအားျဖင့္ ဤပုဒ္ကား တကၡသိလာဟု ရွိသင့္သည္။ ျပာကရိတ္ဘာသာ၌ ဤၿမိဳ႕ကို တကၡသိလာဟုပင္ ေခၚၾကသည္။

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