Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Ta°,[Vedic tad,etc.; Gr.tόn tήn tό; Lat.is-te,tālis,etc.; Lith.tás tā; Goth.pata; Ohg.etc.daz; E.that] base of demonstr.pron.for nt.,in oblique cases of m.& f.,& in demonstr.adv.of place & time (see also sa).‹-› 1.Cases:Nom.sg.nt.tad (older) Vin.I,83; Sn.1052; Dh.326; Miln.25 & taṁ (cp.yaṁ,kiṁ) Sn.1037,1050; J.III,26; Acc.m.taṁ J.II,158,f.taṁ J.VI,368; Gen.tassa,f.tassā (Sn.22,110; J.I,151); Instr.tena,f.tāya (J.III,188); Abl.tasmā (J.I,167); tamhā Sn.291,1138; (J.III,26) & tato (usually as adv.) (Sn.390); Loc.tasmiṁ (J.I,278),tamhi (Dh.117); tahiṁ (adv.) (Pv.I,57) & tahaṁ (adv.) (J.I,384; VvA.36); pl.Nom.m.te (J.II,129),f.tā (J.II,127),nt.tāni (Sn.669,845); Gen.tesaṁ,f.tāsaṁ (Sn.916); Instr.tehi,f.tāhi (J.II,128); Loc.tesu,f.tāsu (Sn.670).-- In composition (Sandhi) both tad- & taṁ- are used with consecutive phonetic changes (assimilation),viz.(a) tad°:(a) in subst.function:tadagge henceforth D.I,93 taduṭṭhāya DhA.III,344; tadūpiya (cp.Trenckner,Notes 77,78=tadopya (see discussion under opeti),but cp.Sk.tadrūpa Divy 543 & tatrupāya.It is simply tad-upa-ka,the adj.‹-› positive of upa,of which the compar.-superlative is upama,meaning like this,i.e.of this or the same kind.Also spelt tadūpikā (f.) (at J.II,160) agreeing with,agreeable,pleasant Miln.9; tadatthaṁ to such purpose SnA 565.-- With assimilation:taccarita; tapparāyaṇa Sn.1114; tappoṇa (=tad-pra-ava-nata) see taccarita; tabbisaya (various) PvA.73; tabbiparīta (different) Vism.290; DhA.III,275; tabbiparītatāya in contrast to that Vism.450.-- (b) as crude form (not nt.) originally only in Acc.(nt.) in adj.function like tad-ahan this day,then felt as euphonic d,esp.in forms where similarly the euphonic t is used (ajja-t-agge).Hence ta- is abstracted as a crude (adverbial) form used like any other root in composition.Thus:tad-ah-uposathe on this day’s fast-day=to-day (or that day) being Sunday D.I,47; Sn.p.139 (expld as tam-ah-uposathe,uposatha-divase ti at SnA 502); tadahe on the same day PvA.46; tadahū (id.) J.V,215 (=tasmiṁ chaṇa-divase).tad-aṅga for certain,surely,categorical (orig.concerning this cp.kimaṅga),in tadaṅga-nibbuta S.III,43; tadaṅga-samatikkama Nd2 203; tadaṅga-vikkhambhana-samuccheda Vism.410; tadaṅga-pahāna DhsA.351; SnA 8; tadaṅgena A.IV,411.-- (b) tan°:(a) as subst.:tammaya (equal to this,up to this) Sn.846 (=tapparāyana Nd2 206); A.I,150.-- (b) Derived from Acc.use (like a b) as adj.is taṅkhaṇikā (fr.taṁ khaṇaṁ) Vin.III,140 (=muhuttikā).-- (g) a reduced form of taṁ is to be found as ta° in the same origin & application as ta-d- (under a b) in combn ta-y-idaṁ (for taṁidaṁ›taṁ-idaṁ›ta-idaṁ›ta-y-idaṁ) where y.takes the place of the euphonic consonant.Cp.in application also Gr.tou_to & tau_ta,used adverbially as therefore (orig.just that) Sn.1077; Pv.I,33; PvA.2,16 (=taṁ idaṁ),76.The same ta° is to be seen in tāhaṁ Vv 8315 (=taṁ-ahaṁ),& not to be confused with tāhaṁ=te ahaṁ (see tvaṁ).-- A similar combn is taṁyathā Miln.1 (this is how,thus,as follows) which is the Sk.form for the usual P.seyyathā (instead of ta-(y)--yathā,like ta-y-idaṁ); cp.Trenckner,P.M.p.75.-- A sporadic form for tad is tadaṁ Sn.p.147 (even that,just that; for tathaṁ?).-- II.Application:1.ta° refers or points back to somebody or something just mentioned or under discussion (like Gr.ou(=tos,Lat.hic,Fr.ci in voici,cet homme-ci,etc.):this,that,just this (or that),even this (or these).In this sense combd with api:te c’âpi (even these) Sn.1058.It is also used to indicate something immediately following the statement of the speaker (cp.Gr.o(/de,E.thus):this now,esp.in adv.use (see below); taṁ kiṁ maññasi D.I,60; yam etaṁ pañhaṁ apucchi Ajita taṁ vadāmi te:Sn.1037; taṁ te pavakkhāmi (this now shall I tell you:) Sn.1050; tesaṁ Buddho vyākāsi (to those just mentioned answered B.) Sn.1127; te tositā (and they,pleased ...) ib.1128.-- 2.Correlative use:(a) in rel.sentences with ya° (preceding ta°):yaṁ ahaṁ jānāmi taṁ tvaṁ jānāsi “what I know (that) you know” D.I,88; yo nerayikānaṁ sattānaṁ āhāro tena so yāpeti “he lives on that food which is (characteristic) of the beings in N.; or:whichever is the food of the N.beings,on this he lives” PvA.27.-- (b) elliptical (with omission of the verb to be) yaṁ taṁ=that which (there is),what (is),whatever,used like an adj.; ye te those who,i.e.all (these),whatever:ye pana te manussā saddhā ...te evam ahaṁsu ...“all those people who were full of faith said” Vin.II,195; yena tena upāyena gaṇha “catch him by whatever means (you like),” i.e.by all means J.II,159; yaṁ taṁ kayirā “whatever he may do” Dh.42.-- 3.Distributive and iterative use (cp.Lat.quisquis,etc.):...taṁ taṁ this & that,i.e.each one; yaṁ yaṁ passati taṁ taṁ pucchati whomsoever he sees (each one) he asks PvA.38; yaṁ yaṁ manaso piyaṁ taṁ taṁ gahetvā whatever ...(all) that PvA.77; yo yo yaṁ yaṁ icchati tassa tassa taṁ taṁ adāsi “whatever anybody wished he gave to him” PvA.113.So with adv.of ta°:tattha tattha here & there (freq.); tahaṁ tahaṁ id.J.I,384; VvA.36,187; tato tato Sn.390.-- (b) the same in disjunctivecomparative sense:taṁ ...taṁ is this so & is this so (too)=the same as,viz.taṁ jīvaṁ taṁ sarīraṁ is the soul the same as the body (opp.aññaṁ j.a.s.) A.V,193,etc.(see jīva).-- 4.Adverbial use of some cases (locala,temporalb,& modalc):Acc.taṁ (a) there (to):tad avasari he withdrew there D.II.126,156; (b) taṁ enaṁ at once,presently (=tāvad-eva) Vin.I,127 (cp.Ved.enā); (c) therefore (cp.kiṁ wherefore,why),that is why,now,then:S.II,17; M.I,487; Sn.1110; Pv.I,23 (=tasmā PvA.11 & 103); II,716; cp.taṁ kissa hetu Nd2 on jhāna.-- Gen.tassa (c) therefore A.IV,333.‹-› Instr.tena (a) there (direction=there to),always in correl.with yena:where-there,or in whatever direction,here & there.Freq.in formula denoting approach to a place (often unnecessary to translate); e.g.yena Jīvakassa ambavanaṁ tena pāyāsi:where the Mangogrove of J.was,there he went=he went to the M.of J.D.I,49; yena Gotamo ten’upasaṅkama go where G.is D.I,88; yena āvasathâgāraṁ ten’upasaṅkami D.II,85 etc.; yena vā tena vā palāyanti they run here & there A.II,33; (c) so then,now then,therefore,thus (often with hi) J.I,151,279; PvA.60; Miln.23; tena hi D.II,2; J.I,266; III,188; Miln.19.-- Abl.tasmā (c) out of this reason,therefore Sn.1051,1104; Nd2 279 (=taṁ kāraṇaṁ); PvA.11,103; tato (a) from there,thence Pv.I,123; (b) then,hereafter PvA.39.-- Loc.tahiṁ (a) there (over there›beyond) Pv.I,57; (c) =therefore PvA.25; tahaṁ (a) there; usually repeated:see above II.3 (a).-- See also tattha,tathā,tadā,tādi,etc.(Page 291)

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