Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
sukha:a.n.[〃] 楽,安楽,幸福.acc.sukhaṃ,instr.sukhena 安楽に,幸福に.-attha 楽を欲する人.-ādhivāha 楽を引く.-āvaha 楽をもたらす.-indriya 楽根.-udraya 楽果ある.-upapatti 楽生.-kāma 楽を欲する.-da 楽を与える.-dukkha 楽と苦.-dukkhin 楽苦ある.-dhamma 楽法.-dhātu 楽界.-pada 安楽境.-pharaṇatā 楽遍満性.-vinicchaya 楽快定.-vipāka 楽報,楽異熟.-vihāra 楽住.-vihārin 楽住者.-vedanīya,-vedaniya 楽を受くべき.-saṃvāsa 共住の楽.-saññin 楽想者.-sammata 楽と考えられた.-sayita よく無害で横たわれる.-sahagata 楽倶行の.-sāra 楽堅実.-sīla 楽天的の.-seyya 安眠.
《巴漢詞典》Mahāñāṇo Bhikkhu編著
Sukha,【中】 快樂,安慰。 ~kāma,【形】 想快樂的。 ~tthika,~tthī,【形】想快樂的。 ~da,【形】 產生快樂的。 ~nisinna,【形】 安樂坐著的。~paṭisaŋvedī,【形】 感覺快樂的。 ~ppatta,【形】 快樂的。 ~bhāgiya,【形】 享樂的。 ~yānaka,【中】 隨和的車。 ~vipāka,【形】 快樂的果報。 ~viharaṇa,【中】 舒服的生活。 ~saŋvāsa,【陽】 愉快的聯合。~samphassa,【形】 愉快的接觸。 ~sammata,【形】 認為快樂的。(p346)
《巴漢詞典》明法尊者增訂
Sukha,【中】快樂,安慰。sukhakāma,【形】欲樂的。sukhatthika,sukhatthī,【形】想快樂的。sukhada,【形】產生快樂的。sukhanisinna,【形】安樂坐著的。sukhapaṭisaṁvedī,【形】感覺快樂的。sukhappatta,【形】快樂的。sukhabhāgiya,【形】享樂的。sukhayānaka,【中】隨和的車。sukhavipāka,【形】快樂的果報。sukhaviharaṇa,【中】舒服的生活。sukhasaṁvāsa,【陽】愉快的聯合。sukhasamphassa,【形】愉快的接觸。sukhasammata,【形】認為快樂的。Vbh.567:Tattha katamā pīti? Yā pīti pāmojjaṁ āmodanā pamodanā hāso pahāso vitti odagyaṁ attamanatā cittassa--ayaṁ vuccati “pīti”. Tattha katamaṁ sukhaṁ? Yaṁ cetasikaṁ sātaṁ cetasikaṁ sukhaṁ cetosamphassajaṁ sātaṁ sukhaṁ vedayitaṁ cetosamphassajā sātā sukhā vedanā--idaṁ vuccati “sukhaṁ”.Idaṁ sukhaṁ imāya pītiyā sahagataṁ hoti sahajātaṁ saṁsaṭṭhaṁ sampayuttaṁ.Tena vuccati “pītisukhan”ti.(此中,什麼是‘喜’呢?凡是喜、高興、喜悅、極悅、歡樂、極歡樂、幸福、洋洋得意、心滿意足,稱為‘喜’。此中,什麼是樂呢?凡是心的快樂、心的樂、心觸生樂、領受樂、心觸生諸樂、樂受,稱為‘樂’。這樂和喜俱行、俱生、結合、聯結,稱為‘喜樂’。)。四種樂:一、出離樂 (nekkhammasukha)。二、遠離樂(pavivekasukha閑靜樂)。三、寂靜樂(upasamasukha)。四、正菩提樂(sambodhasukha正覺樂)。M.A.66.CS:p.3.119-20:Nekkhammasukhanti kāmato nikkhantasukhaṁ.Pavivekasukhanti gaṇatopi kilesatopi pavivittasukhaṁ.Upasamasukhanti rāgādivūpasamatthāya sukhaṁ.Sambodhasukhanti maggasaṅkhātassa sambodhassa nibbattanatthāya sukhaṁ.(一、出離樂:從欲離去之樂。二、遠離樂:從群衆、煩惱隔離之樂。三、寂靜樂:染等寂靜之樂。四、正菩提樂(sambodhasukha正覺樂):已存在所謂的道、正菩提之樂。
四念住課程開示集要巴利語字匯(葛印卡)
sukha: 愉悅、快樂
巴利文-漢文佛學名相辭匯 翻譯:張文明
Sukha:樂
Buddhist Dictionary by NYANATILOKA MAHATHERA
sukha:pleasant,happy; happiness,pleasure,joy,bliss.It is one of the three feelings (s.vedanā) and may be either bodily or mental.The texts distinguish between the happiness of the senses and the h.of renunciation (A.II),worldly (carnal; sāmisa) and unworldly (non-carnal; nirāmisa) happiness (M.10).See A.II,ch.VIII.- Happiness is an indispensable condition for attaining concentration of mind (samādhi,q.v.),and therefore it is one of the 5 factors (or constituents) of the 1st absorption (jhānaṅga; s.jhāna) and is present up to the 3rd absorption inclusively."The mind of the happy one has concentration as its fruit and reward" (A.X,1).- "In him who is filled with happiness,right concentration has found a foundation" (A.X,3).
Concise Pali-English Dictionary by A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera
sukha:[nt.] happiness; comfort.
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Sukha,(adj.-n.) [Vedic sukha; in R.V.only of ratha; later generally] agreeable,pleasant,blest Vin.I,3; Dh.118,194,331; Sn.383; paṭipadā,pleasant path,easy progress A.II,149 sq.; Dhs.178; kaṇṇa-s.pleasant to the ear D.I,4; happy,pleased D.II,233.-- nt.sukhaṁ wellbeing,happiness,ease; ideal,success Vin.I,294; D.I,73 sq.; M.I,37; S.I,5; A.III,355 (deva-manussānaṁ); It.47; Dh.2; Sn.67; Dhs.10; DhsA.117; PvA.207 (lokiya° worldly happiness).-- kāyika sukkha bodily welfare Tikp 283; cp.Cpd.1121sāmisaṁ s.material happiness A.I,81; III,412; VbhA.268.On relation to pīti (joy) see Vism.145 (saṅkhāra-kkhandha-saṅgahitā pīti,vedanā-kkhandha-saṅgahitaṁ sukhaṁ) and Cpd.56,243.-- Defined further at Vism.145 & 461 (iṭṭha-phoṭṭhabb-ânubhavana-lakkhaṇaṁ; i.e.of the kind of experiencing pleasant contacts).-- Two kinds,viz.kāyika & cetasika at Ps.I,188; several other pairs at A.I,80; three (praise,wealth,heaven) It.67; another three (manussa°,dibba°,nibbāna°) DhA.III,51; four (possessing,making good use of possessions,having no debts,living a blameless life) A.II,69.-- gātha-bandhana-sukh’atthaṁ for the beauty of the verse J.II,224.-- Opp.asukha D.III,222,246; Sn.738; or dukkha,with which often combd (e.g.Sn.67,873,with spelling dukha at both pass.).-- Cases:Instr.sukhena with comfort,happily,through happiness Th.1,220; DhsA.406; Acc.sukhaṁ comfortably,in happiness; yathā s.according to liking PvA.133; sukhaṁ seti to rest in ease,to lie well S.I,41; A.I,136; Dh.19,201; J.I,141.Cp.sukhasayita.-- s.edhati to thrive,prosper S.I,217; Dh.193; Sn.298; cp.sukham-edha Vin.III,137 (with Kern’s remarks Toev.II.83).s.viharati to live happily,A.I,96; III,3; Dh.379.-- Der.sokhya

--atthin fem.--nī longing for happiness Mhvs 6,4.--āvaha bringing happiness,conducive to ease S.I,2 sq.,55; Dh.35; J.II,42.--indriya the faculty of ease S.V,209 sq.; Dhs.452; It.15,52.--udraya (sometimes spelt °undriya) having a happy result A.I,97; Ps.I,80; Pv IV.178 (=sukha-vipāka PvA.243); Vv 318--ūpaharaṇa happy offering,luxury J.I,231.--edhita read as sukhe ṭhita (i.e.being happy) at Vin.III,13 & S.V,351 (v.l.sukhe ṭhita); also at DhA.I,165; cp.J.VI,219.--esin looking for pleasure Dh.341.--kāma longing for happiness M.I,341; S.IV,172,188.--da giving pleasure Sn.297.--dhamma a good state M.I,447.--nisinna comfortably seated J.IV,125.--paṭisaṁvedin experiencing happiness Pug.61.--ppatta come to well-being,happy J.III,112.--pharaṇatā diffusion of well-being,ease Nett 89 (among the constituents of samādhi).--bhāgiya participating in happiness Nett 120 sq.,125 sq.,239 (the four s.dhammā are indriyasaṁvara,tapasaṁkhāta puññadhamma,bojjhaṅgabhāvanā and sabbūpadhipaṭinissaggasaṅkhāta nibbāna).--bhūmi a soil of ease,source of ease Dhs.984; DhsA.346.--yānaka an easy-going cart DhA 325.--vinicchaya discernment of happiness M.III,230 sq.--vipāka resulting in happiness,ease D.I,51; A.I,98; DA.I,158.--vihāra dwelling at ease S.V,326.--vihārin dwelling at ease,well at ease D.I,75; Dhs.163; J.I,140.--saṁvāsa pleasant to associate with Dh.207.--saññin conceiving happiness,considering as happiness A.II,52.--samuddaya origin of bliss It.16,52.--samphassa pleasant to touch Dhs.648.--sammata deemed a plea‹-› sure Sn.760.--sayita well embedded (in soil),of seeds A.III,404=D.II,354.(Page 716)
Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Sukha:1.Sukha.A monk,generally known as Sukha Sāmanera.In his past life he had been Bhattabhatika (q.v.).In his last life he was born in the house of a supporter of Sāriputta.During her pregnancy,his mother gave alms to five hundred monks,with Sāriputta at their head.When he was seven years old,he entered the Order under Sāriputta,on which occasion his parents held a special almsgiving lasting for seven days.

Once,while going with Sāriputta for alms,he noticed several things,and like the novice Pandita (q.v.) asked the Elder numerous questions.Then he expressed a wish to return to the monastery.Sāriputta agreed,and Sukha turned back saying,”Sir,when you bring my food,pray bring me food of one hundred flavours.If you cannot obtain it through your own merit,you can obtain it through mine.” So saying,he returned to his cell and meditated on the nature of the body.Sakka’s throne was heated,and he sent the Four Regent Gods to keep away all noise from Sukha’s cell.He also bade the Sun and Moon stand still.Sukha,helped by this silence,became an anāgāmī.

Meanwhile,Sāriputta had gone to a house where he knew he could get the food desired by Sukha,and,having eaten there,returned with Sukha’s portion to the monastery.The Buddha,thinking that Sāriputta’s arrival might impede Sukha’s attainment of arahantship,appeared near the gate of Sukha’s cell and stood guard.As he stood there,the Buddha asked Sāriputta four questions.When the last question was answered,Sukha became an arahant.Thereupon Sāriputta opened the door and gave Sukha his food.Sukha ate it and washed the bowl.The Four Regent God’s left their post,Sakka let go the rope of the door of the novice’s cell,and the Sun and Moon started once more on their course.Evening at once came on,and the Buddha,on being asked the reason,explained that it was a usual occurrence when they who possess merit engage in meditation.DhA.iii.95ff.; op.the story of Pandita.

2.Sukha.A general of Mānābharana (2).Cv.lxxii.123f.

3.Sukha. A Jīvitapotthakī,one of the generals of Parakkamabāhu I.Cv.lxx.174.
Pali Viet Dictionary Bản dịch của ngài Bửu Chơn.
SUKHA:[nt] sự hạnh phúc,an vui --kamā [a] mong mỏi điều hạnh phúc --tthika,--tthī [a] mong cầu sự an vui --da [a] làm cho được sự an vui --nisinna [a] người được an nhàn --paṭsaṃvadī [a] được,chịu sự an vui --ppatta [a] an vui --bhāgiya [a] an vui --bhāgiya [a] dự phần hạnh phúc --yānaka [nt] cỗ xe đi được an vui --vipāka [a] hưởng sự an vui --viharaṇa [nt] sống một cách an nhàn --saṃvāsa [m] vui thích trong sự phối hợp với --samphassa [a] an vui trong sự tiếp xúc --sammata [a] cho là sự an vui
Pali Viet Abhidhamma Terms Từ điển các thuật ngữ Vô Tỷ Pháp của ngài Tịnh Sự, được chép từ phần ghi chú thuật ngữ trong các bản dịch của ngài.
sukha:lạc,sự thọ lạc sự an vui,sự dễ chịu
Pali Roots Dictionary ဓါတ္အဘိဓာန္
sukha:သုခ
ဘူ+စု = တံ ႀကိယာယံ-ထိုခ်မ္းသာျခင္းႀကိယာ၌ (ထိုခ်မ္းသာကို ျပဳျခင္း၌)။ သုခတိ၊ သုေခတိ၊ သုခယတိ။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
sukha:သု-ခ (န)
ခ်မ္းသာျခင္း။ ကိုယ္၏ခ်မ္းသာျခင္း။
သုခံ၊ ခ်မ္းသာစြာ။ လြယ္ကူစြာ။ သုေခန၊ ခ်မ္းသာစြာ။ လြယ္ကူစြာ။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
sukha:သု-ခ (တိ)
ခ်မ္းသာသည္။ လြယ္ကူသည္။သုကၡတိ

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