Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

漢譯パーリ語辭典 李瑩譯
subha:a.n.[Sk.śubhas<śubh] 浄,清淨的,美好的,幸福的.-āsubha 浄與不浄.-ṭṭhāyin 安住於浄福.-nimitta 浄相.-vaṇṇanibha 美妙端麗.-vimokkha 浄解脫.-saññā 浄想.-saññin 浄想者.
パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
subha:a.n.[Sk.śubhas<śubh] 浄,清淨の,美しき,幸福の.-āsubha 浄と不浄.-ṭṭhāyin 浄福に住する.-nimitta 浄相.-vaṇṇanibha 美妙端麗.-vimokkha 浄解脫.-saññā 浄想.-saññin 浄想者.
《巴漢詞典》Mahāñāṇo Bhikkhu編著
Subha,【形】 幸運的,吉兆的,愉快的。 【中】 福利,美。 ~kiṇṇa,【陽】遍凈天神。 ~nimitta,【中】 吉兆,美麗的物體。(p349)
Subha,【形】幸運的,吉兆的,愉快的,凈的。【中】福利,美。subhakiṇṇa,【陽】遍凈天神。subhanimitta,【中】凈相,吉兆。A.1.2./I,3.︰“Nāhaṁ bhikkhave,aññaṁ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yena anuppanno vā kāmacchando uppajjati uppanno vā kāmacchando bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya saṁvattati yathayidaṁ,bhikkhave,subhanimittaṁ.Subhanimittaṁ,bhikkhave,ayoniso manasi karoto anuppanno ceva kāmacchando uppajjati uppanno ca kāmacchando bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya saṁvattatī”ti.(諸比丘!我不見別有一法,能使生起未生之慾欲,或令增廣已生之慾欲。諸比丘!這就是凈相。諸比丘!不從根源作意(不如理作意)凈相者,即令生起未生之慾欲,或令增廣已生之慾欲。)
Concise Pali-English Dictionary by A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera
subha:[adj.] lucky; auspicious; pleasant.(nt.),welfare; beauty.
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Subha,(adj.) [Vedic śubhas fr.subh; cp.sobhati] shining,bright,beautiful D.I,76=II.13=M.III,102; Dhs.250; DA.I,221; auspicious,lucky,pleasant Sn.341; It.80; good Sn.824,910; subhato maññati to consider as a good thing Sn.199; J.I,146; cp.S.IV,111; (nt.) welfare,good,pleasantness,cleanliness,beauty,pleasure; --vasena for pleasure’s sake J.I,303,304; asubha anything repulsive,disgusting or unpleasant S.I,188; V,320; subhâsubha pleasant and unpleasant Miln.136; J.III,243 (niraya=subhānaṁ asubhaṁ unpleasant for the good,C.); cp.below subhāsubha.

--aṅgana with beautiful courts J.VI,272.--âsubha good and bad,pleasant & unpleasant Dh.409=Sn.633.--kiṇṇa the lustrous devas,a class of devas D II 69; M I 2.329,390; III,102; A.I,122; J.III,358; Kvu 207; also written °kiṇha A.II,231,233; IV,40,401; Vism.414,420 sq.; VbhA.520; KhA 86.--gati going to bliss,to heaven Mhvs 25,115.--ṭṭhāyin existing or remaining,continuing,in glory D.I,17; DA.I,110; A.V,60.--dhātu the element of splendour S.II,150.--nimitta auspicious sign,auspiciousness as an object of one’s thought M I 26; A.I,3,87,200; S.V,64,103; Vism.20.--saññā perception or notion of what is pleasant or beautiful Nett 27.Opp.asubhasaññā concept of repulsiveness A.I,42; II,17; III,79; IV,46; V,106.See asubha.--saññin considering as beautiful A.II,52.(Page 719)
Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Subha:1.Subha. A Pacceka Buddha.M.iii.70; ApA.i.106.

2.Subha. A young man (mānava) called Todeyyaputta.He once visited the Buddha inSāvatthi,asking him various questions.The interview is described in the Subha Sutta.At the end of the discourse he declared himself the Buddha’s follower.While on his way back from the city,he met Jānussoni,and,on being asked what he thought of the Buddha,spoke of him in terms of the highest praise,saying that none but Gotama’s own peer could utter sufficient praise of him (M.i.196f.,208f.; Jānussoni addresses him as Bhāradvāja).Subha is described (MA.ii.802; cf.M.i.202) as the son of the brahminTodeyya of Tudigāma.

Elsewhere however,a different account is given of his conversion.(DA.ii.384f.; cf.MA.ii.963f.,which adds that the Buddha proved the identity of the dog by getting it to indicate the place where Todeyya’s treasure lay buried).Subba’s father was a very rich merchant,chaplain toPasenadi,but a great miser.After death he was born as a dog in the same home.One day,when the Buddha was going his alms round in Tudigāma near Sāvatthi,he arrived at Subha’s house.The dog saw the Buddha and barked,and the Buddha addressed it as ”Todeyya.” The dog thereupon ran into the house and lay on a bed,from which no one could drive it away.When Subha asked the cause of the uproar,he was told the story.Thereupon he was very angry,saying that his father had been born in the Brahmaloka,and,in order to refute the Buddha,he visited the monastery.This was the occasion for the preaching of the Subha Sutta.Soon after the Buddha’s death,when Ananda,was staying in Sāvatthi,Subha sent a young man to Ananda,with his respects and an invitation to his house.Ananda,having taken medicine,did not go that day.But he went the next day,accompanied by a monk of Cetiya (Cetaka).Their conversation is recorded in the Subha Sutta (2) (D.i.204f).See alsoCūlakammavibhahga Sutta,which too was preached to Subha.

3.Subha. A palace guard,son of Datta.He closely resembled King Yasalālaka-Tissa in appearance,and the king used to place him on the throne,decked in royal ornaments,and watch the ministers doing obeisance to him,while he himself took the guard’s place.One day,while Subha was on the throne,he reprimanded the king,disguised as a guard,for smiling disrespectfully,and had him led away and executed before the truth was discovered.Subha then became king and ruled for six years (120-6 A.C.).

He built the Subharāja-parivena,the Vallī-vihāra,the Ekadvāra vihāra and the Nandīgāmaka-vihāra.He was deposed by Vasabha (Mhv.xxxv.51ff.; Dpv.xxi.45).His daughter married Vankanāsika-Tissa.She had been adopted by a bricklayer,but Vasabha discovered her identity and married her to his son.Her good fortune was owing to a meal she had given to an arahant thera.For details see Mhv.xxxv.101ff.; see also Cv.xxxviii.13f.

4.Subha. A palace occupied by Kondañña Buddha before his renunciation.Bu.iii.26.

5.Subha. A palace occupied by Gotama Buddha before his renunciation.BuA.230; but Bu.xxvi.14 calls it Subhata.

6.Subha.A senāpati who,during the thirteenth century,built a fortress in Subhagiri.Cc.lxxxi.4.
Pali Viet Dictionary Bản dịch của ngài Bửu Chơn.
SUBHA:[a] may mắn,điểm tốt,vui vẻ [nt] sự thịnh vượng,lịch sự --kiṇṇa [m] sự sáng chói của chư Thiên --nimitta [nt] điềm lành,cảnh tốt đẹp
Pali Viet Abhidhamma Terms Từ điển các thuật ngữ Vô Tỷ Pháp của ngài Tịnh Sự, được chép từ phần ghi chú thuật ngữ trong các bản dịch của ngài.
subha:thanh tịnh,tốt đẹp
Pali Roots Dictionary ဓါတ္အဘိဓာန္
႐ု = ပဟာေရ-ပုတ္ခတ္ျခင္း၌။ သုမ႓တိ၊ သုေမ႓ာတိ။
ဘူ = ဒိတၱိ ဟႎသာသု-ထြန္းပတင့္တယ္ျခင္း,ညႇဉ္းဆဲျခင္းတို႔၌။ သုဘတိ၊ ေသာဘတိ။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
subha:သုဘ (န)
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
subha:သုဘ (တိ) (√သုဘ္+အ)
တင့္တယ္သည္။ အသေရ ရွိသည္။ လွပသည္။ ေကာင္းသည္။

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