Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Sirimā:1.Sirimā Thera.He was born in the family of a householder of Sāvatthi and was called Sirimā on account of the unfailing success of his family.His younger brother was Sirivaddha.They were both present when the Buddha accepted Jetavana,and,struck by his majesty,they entered the Order.Sirivaddha,though possessed of no special attainments,received great honour from the laity and recluses,but Sirimā was little honoured.Nevertheless,exercising calm and insight,he soon won arahantship.Ordinary monks and novices continued to disparage him,and the Thera had to blame them for their faulty judgment.Sirivaddha,agitated by this,himself became an arahant.

In the time of Padumuttara Buddha,before the Buddha’s appearance in the world,Sirimā was an ascetic,named Devala,with a large following,and,having learnt the power of the Buddha through a study of the science of prognostication,he built a sand thūpa,to which he paid homage in the name of past Buddhas.The Buddha was born in the world,his birth being accompanied by various omens.The ascetic showed these to his pupils,and,having made them eager to see the Buddha,died,and was reborn in the Brahma world.Later,he appeared before them,inspiring them to greater exertions (Thag.vss.159-60; ThagA.i.279f).

He is evidently identical with Pulinuppādaka Thera of the Apadāna.Ap.ii.426.

2.Sirimā. Mother of Sumana Buddha.Her husband was Sudatta.Bu.v.21; J.i.34.

3.Sirimā. Mother of Phussa Buddha and wife of Jayasena.Bu.xix.14; J.i.41.

4.Sirimā. A lay woman,one of the chief patrons ofRevata Buddha.Bu.vi.23.

5.Sirimā. Wife of Anomadassī Buddha before his renunciation.Bu.viii.19.

6.Sirimā. One of the chief lay women supporters ofSumedha Buddha.Bu.xii.25.

7.Sirimā. One of the chief lay women supporters ofDipankara Buddha.Bu.ii.215.

8.Sirimā. One of the chief lay women supporters ofVipassī Buddha.Bu.xx.30.

9.Sirimā. One of the chief lay women supporters ofVessabhū Buddha.Bu.xxii.25.

10.Sirimā. One of the palaces occupied byVipassī Buddha in his last lay life.Bu.xx.24.

11.Sirimā. One of the palaces occupied byMangala Buddha in his last lay life.BuA.116.

12.Sirimā. A courtesan ofRājagaha and younger sister ofJīvaka.She was once employed byUttarā (Nandamātā) to take her place with her husband (Sumana) while Uttarā herself went away in order to indulge in acts of piety.During this time Sirimā tried to injure Uttarā,on account of a misunderstanding,but on realizing her error,she begged forgiveness both of Uttarā,and,at the latter’s suggestion,of the Buddha.(The details of this incident are given Uttarā Nandamātā.) At the conclusion of a sermon preached by the Buddha in Uttarā’s house,Sirimā became a sotāpanna.From that day onwards she gave alms daily to eight monks in her house.

A monk in a monastery,three leagues away,having heard of the excellence of Sirimā’s alms and of her extraordinary beauty from a visiting monk,decided to go and see her.Having obtained a ticket for alms,he went to her house,but Sirimā was ill,and her attendants looked after the monks.When the meal had been served she was brought into the dining hall to pay her respects to the monks.The lustful monk at once fell in love with her and was unable to eat.That same day Sirimā died.The Buddha gave instructions that her body should not be burnt,but laid in the charnel ground,protected from birds and beasts.When putrefaction had set in,the king proclaimed that all citizens,on penalty of a fine,should gaze on Sirimā’s body.The Buddha,too,went with the monks,the lustful monk accompanying them.The Buddha made the king proclaim,with beating of the drum,that anyone who would pay a thousand could have Sirimā’s body.There was no response.The price was gradually lowered to one eighth of a penny.Yet no one came forward,even when the body was offered for nothing.The Buddha addressed the monks,pointing out how even those who would have paid one thousand to spend a single night with Sirimā would not now take her as a gift.Such was the passing nature of beauty.The lustful monk became a sotāpanna (DhA.iii.104f.; VvA.74ff).

Buddhaghosa says (SNA.i.244f,253f ) that Sirimā wasSālavati’s daughter,and succeeded to her mother’s position as courtesan.After death,Sirimā was born in the Yāma world as the wife of Suyāma.When the Buddha was speaking to the monks at her cremation,she visited the spot with five hundred chariots.Janapadakalyānī Nandā,who at that time was also a nun,was present,and when the Buddha preached theKāyavicchandanika Sutta she became an arahant,while Sirimā became an anāgāmī.

The Vimānavatthu (pp.78f.,86) gives the same story,adding thatVangīsa was also present at the preaching of the sermon,and,having obtained the Buddha’s permission,questioned Sirimā and made her reveal her identity.Here Sirimā is said to have been born in theNimmānarati-world,and no mention is made of her becoming an anāgāmī; while the lustful monk is said to have become an arahant.Sirimā is mentioned in a list of eminent upāsikās (A.iv.347; AA.ii.791).Eighty four thousand persons realized the truth after listening to the Buddha’s preaching at the cremation of Sirimā.Mil.350.

Sirimā-vimānavatthu.The story of Sirimā’s death and subsequent events.Vv.i.16; VvA.67ff.
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
sirimā:သိရိ-မာ (တိ)
ဘုန္းက်က္သေရရွိသည္။

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