Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
samyojana: ’fetters’.

There are 10 fetters tying beings to the wheel of existence,namely:

(1) personality-belief (sakkāya-ditthi) (2) sceptical doubt (vicikicchā) (3) clinging to mere rules and ritual (sīlabbata-parāmāsa; s. upādāna) (4) sensuous craving (kāma-rāga) (5) ill-will (vyāpāda) (6) craving for fine-material existence (rūpa-rāga) (7) craving for immaterial existence (arūpa-rāga) (8) conceit (māna) (9) restlessness (uddhacca) (10) ignorance (avijjā) The first five of these are called ’lower fetters’ (orambhāgiya-samyojana),as they tie to the sensuous world.The latter 5 are called ’higher fetters’ (uddhambhāgiya-samyojana),as they tie to the higher worlds,i.e.the fine-material and immaterial world (A.IX.67-68; A.X.13; D.33,etc.).

He who is free from 1-3 is a Sotāpanna,or Stream-winner,i.e.one who has entered the stream to Nibbāna,as it were. He who,besides these 3 fetters,has overcome 4 and 5 in their grosser form,is called a Sakadāgāmi,a ’Once-returner’ (to this sensuous world). He who is fully freed from 1-5 is an Anāgāmī,or ’Non-returner’ (to the sensuous world). He who is freed from all the 10 fetters is called an Arahat,i.e.a perfectly Holy One.For more details,s.ariya-puggala.

The 10 fetters as enumerated in the Abhidhamma,e.g.Vibh.XVII,are:

sensuous craving, ill-will, conceit, wrong views, sceptical doubt, clinging to mere rules and ritual, craving for existence, envy, stinginess, ignorance.
Pali Viet Dictionary Bản dịch của ngài Bửu Chơn.
SAMYOJANA:[nt] sự liên hệ,sự cột lại --niya [a] thuận lợi cho sự cột trói lại

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