Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

巴利語匯解&巴利新音譯 瑪欣德尊者
Sakka devānaminda:沙咖天帝,直譯作沙咖諸天之主。沙咖,直譯為“能”,或以恭敬(sakkacca)布施故,名為“沙咖”。為三十三天之主,居住在須彌山頂善見城(Sudassana)中的最勝殿(Vejayanta),亦是佛教的護法主神。
根據《長部·沙咖問經》,有一天,沙咖天帝見到五種先兆(pañca pubbanimittāni),知道自己即將命終,於是帶領諸天眾前往拜謁世尊。在聽聞世尊說法之後,他與八萬天眾皆證得了入流果。
沙咖天帝還有許多名字:因過去世為人時是名叫馬喀的婆羅門,故名“馬喀瓦”(Maghavā)。因能同時思考一千件事,故名“千眼者”(Sahassakkha, Sahassacakkhu, Sahassanetta);因他曾不停地做布施,故名Purindada(或作城市毀壞者);他手持武器“金剛”,故名“金剛手”(Vajirapāṇī);因娶阿蘇羅王之女蘇佳為妻,故名“蘇佳主”(Sujampati)等。
漢傳佛教將之訛略為帝釋、天帝釋、釋提桓因。

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