Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
Sahampati:m.裟婆主=梵天.
巴利語匯解&巴利新音譯 瑪欣德尊者
Sahampati:薩漢巴帝,巴利語的音譯,大梵天人之名,居於初禪梵天。薩漢巴帝在過去咖沙巴佛時代,是一位名叫薩哈咖(Sahaka)的三果比庫,因精於初禪,命終後投生至初禪梵天,故名。如《諸佛史》註中說:
“薩漢巴帝者,據說在咖沙巴世尊教法時期,有位名叫‘薩哈咖’的長老,從生起初禪之後不再退失禪那,壽命終結時投生到初禪地,成為壽長一劫的大梵天人,故在那裏稱他為‘薩漢巴帝’。”
《相應部註》(S.A.1.172)也有相似的說法。但在《經集註》(Sn.A.662)中則說他證得不來果後投生到凈居天。
薩漢巴帝被認為是此輪圍界最崇高的大梵天神(Jeṭṭhakamahābrahma),受到古印度婆羅門教的普遍禮敬和崇拜。他也是佛教護法主神之一,曾勸請剛成正自覺而不想說法的佛陀轉動法輪(Mv.8-9; D.2.66-71)。在泰國寺院所供奉的四面四臂護法神像,據說就是這位大梵天神。
《巴漢詞典》明法尊者增訂
Sahampati,娑婆主梵天(Sahampatibrahmā)。SA.6.1./I,198.︰Sahampatissāti so kira Kassapassa Bhagavato sāsane Sahako nāma thero paṭhamajjhānaṁ nibbattetvā paṭhamajjhānabhūmiyaṁ kappāyukabrahmā hutvā nibbatto. Tatra naṁ “sahampatibrahmā”ti paṭisañjānanti. Taṁ sandhāyāha “brahmuno sahampatissā”ti.( ‘娑婆主梵天’︰在迦葉世尊的教中,有一位叫做娑婆(Sahako)的比丘,證得阿那含果,死後投生於初禪天,有初禪地壽命的梵天,在那裏,他關聯到溯往(名字故)稱為‘娑婆主梵天’。) 《經集註》SnA.II,476.(3-10.Kokālikasuttavaṇṇanā)說他︰「死後投生於五凈居天」(suddhāvāsesu uppanno)。
Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Sahampati:A Mahābrahmā.

When the Buddha was at the Ajapālanigrodha,hesitating as to whether or not he should preach the Dhamma,Sahampati appeared before him and begged of him to open to the world the doors of Immortality.The Buddha agreed to this urgent request (Vin.i.5f.;S.i.137f),and accepted from Sahampati the assurance that all the Buddhas of the past had also had no other teacher than the Dhamma discovered by them.S.i.139; see also S.v.167f.,185,232,where he gives the same assurance to the Buddha regarding the four satipatthānas and the five indriyas; A.ii.10f.

Buddhaghosa (E.g.,SA.i.155) explains that the Buddha was reluctant to preach,not on account of indolence,but because he wished Sahampati to make him this request.For,thought the Buddha,the world honours Brahmā greatly,and when people realized that Brahmā himself had begged of the Buddha to spread his teaching,they would pay more attention to it.Sahampati was,at this time,the most senior of the Brahmās (jettha-Mahābrahmā) (DA.ii.467).

Sahampati once saw that the brahminee,mother of Brahmadeva Thera,habitually made offerings to Brahmā.Out of compassion for her,Sahampati appeared before her and exhorted her to give her offerings to Brahmadeva instead (S.i.140f).On another occasion,when Kokāliya died and was born in Padumaniraya,Sahampati appeared before the Buddha and announced the fact to him (SN.p.125; cp.S.i.151; A.v.172).

The Samyutta (S.i.154f) contains a series of verses spoken by Sahampati atAndhakavinda,when the Buddha sat out in the open during the night and rain fell drop by drop.The verses are in praise of the life and practices of the monks and of the results thereof.Sahampati again visited the Buddha,simultaneously with Sakka,and as they stood leaning against a doorpost of the Buddha’s cell,Sakka uttered a verse in praise of the Buddha.Sahampati then added another verse,exhorting the Buddha to preach the Doctrine,as there were those who would understand (S.i.233).A verse spoken by him immediately after the Buddha’s death is included in the books (D.ii.157; S.i.158).

During the time of Kassapa Buddha,Sahampati was a monk,named Sahaka,who,having practised the five indriyas (saddhā,etc.),was reborn in the Brahma world.Thereafter he was called Sahampati (S.v.233).The Commentaries say (SNA.ii.476; SA.i.155) that he was an Anāgāmī Brahmā born in the Suddhāvāsā,there to pass a whole kappa,because he had developed the first Jhāna as a monk.The Buddhavamsa Commentary (BuA.p.11; see also p.29) says that,strictly speaking,his name should be ”Sahakapati.” When the Buddha attained Enlightenment,Sahampati held over the Buddha’s head a white parasol three yojanas in diameter.BuA.239; this incident was sculptured in the Relic Chamber of the Mahā Thūpa (Mhv.xxx.74); cp.J.iv.266.

Once he offered to the Buddha a chain of jewels (ratanadāma) as large as Sineru (KhA.171; Sp.i.115; Vsm.201).On the day that Alindakavāsi Mahāphussadeva attained arahantship,Sahampati came to wait upon him (VibhA.352).

It has been suggested (VT.i.86,n.1) that Brahmā Sahampati is very probably connected with Brahmi Svayambhū of brahmanical literature.
Pali-Dictionary Vipassana Research Institute
sahampati:This is an epithet of Mahābrahma,who is often called by the name of Sahampatibrahmā or Sahampatimahābrahmā
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
sahampati:သဟမၸတိ (ပ)
သဟမၸတိျဗဟၼာ။

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