Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

四念住課程開示集要巴利語字匯(葛印卡)
rajo: 塵埃、汙物、不凈染汙
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Rajo,(rajas) & Raja (nt.) [raj,see rajati & rañjati.Vedic rajaḥ meaning:(a) space,as region of mist & cloud,similar to antarīksa,(b) a kind of (shiny) metal (cp.rajata); see Zimmer,Altind.Leben 55].A Forms.Both rajo & rajaṁ occur as noun & Acc.sg.,e.g.rajo at D.II,19; Sn.207,334; Dhs.617; rajaṁ at Sn.275; It.83; once (in verse) rajo occurs as m,viz.Sn.662.The other cases are formed from the a-stem only,e.g.rajassa Sn.406; pl.rajāni Sn.517,974.In compn we find both forms,viz.(1) rajas either in visarga form rajah,as (a) rajo-,(b) raja- and (c) rajā- (stressed),or in s-form (d) rajas-; (2) raja-,appearing apostrophied as (e) raj-.B Meanings.(1) (lit.) dust,dirt; usually wet,staining dust D.II,19 (tiṇa+); Sn.662=PvA.116 (sukhumo rajo paṭivātaṁ khitto); It.83; Dhs.617 (dhūmo+).adj.rāja°: in sa° & a° vāta Vin.II,209; Vism.31.The meaning “pollen” [Sk.raja,m.] may be seen in “raja-missakaṁ rasaṁ” at DhA.I,375.‹-› 2.(fig.) stain,dirt,defilement,impurity.Thus taken conventionally by the P.commentators as the 3--fold blemish of man’s character:rāga dosa moha,e.g.Nd1 505; SnA 255; DhA.III,485; or as kilesa-raja at SnA 479.-- Sn.207 (niketā jāyate rajo),334,665 (rajaṁ ākirasi,metaph.),974 (pañca rajāni loke,viz.the excitement caused by the 5 bāhirāni āyatanāni Nd1 505.Also in stanza rāgo rajo na ca pana reṇu vuccati (with dosa & moha the same) Nd1 505=Nd2 590 (slightly diff.)=J.I,117=Vism.388,cp.Divy 491 with interesting variation.-- adj.raja° in two phrases apagata° VvA.236 & vigata° Nd1 505 ≈ free from defilement.-- On raja in similes see J.P.T.S.1907,126.Cp.vi°.-- C.Compounds.(a) rajo-:°jalla dust and (wet) dirt,muddy dirt D.II,18; Vin.III,70; J.IV,322; V,241; Miln.133,195,258,410; SnA 248,291.--jallika living in dirty mud,designation of a class of ascetics M.I,281; J.I,390.--dhātu “dust-element” (doubtful trsln) D.I,54,which DA.I,163 explns as “raja-okiṇṇa-ṭṭhānāni,” i.e.dusty places.Dial.trsl.“places where dust accumulates,” Franke,Dīgha p.57 as “Staubiges” but rightly sees a deeper,speculative meaning in the expression (Sāṅkhya doctrine of rajas?).--mala dust & dirt J.I,24.--vajalla [this expression is difficult to explain.It may simply be a condensed phrase rajo’va jalla,or a redupl.cpd.rajo+avajalla,which was spelt raj-ovajalla for ava° because of rajo,or represents a contamination of raj-avajalla and raj-ojalla,or it is a metric diaeresis of rajo-jalla] dust and dirt Dh.141 (=kaddama-limpan’ākārena sarīre sannicita-rajo DhA.III,77).--haraṇa dirt-taking,cleaning; wet rag,floor-cloth,duster Vin.II,291; A.IV,376; J.I,117; DhA.I,245.-- (b) raja-:--reṇu dirt and dust J.IV,362; --vaḍḍhana indulgence in or increase of defilement Th.2,343 (“fleshly lusts” trsl.); ThA.240 (=rāga-raj’ādi-saṁvaḍḍhana).-- (c) rajā-:°patha dusty place,dustiness,dust-hole D.I,62,250; S.II,219; DA.I,180 (here taken metaphorically:rāga-raj’ādīnaṁ uṭṭhāna-ṭṭhānaṁ).-- (d) rajas-:°sira with dusty head Sn.980; J.IV,184,362,371.See paṅkadanta.-- (e) raj-:--°agga a heap of dust,dirt J.V,187 (=rajakkhandha C.); fig.=kilesa Pug.65,68 (here perhaps nt.of a distorted rajakkha? So Kern,Toev.s.v.).--°upavāhana taking away the dust (or dirt) Sn.391,392.(Page 562)
Pali-Dictionary Vipassana Research Institute
rajo:and (rajaṃ)Dust,dirt; the pollen of flowers; human passion,impurity,moral defilement; the menstrual flow
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
rajo:ရေဇာ (န) (√ရဇ္)
ျမဴ။ အညစ္အေၾကး။

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