Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
puthujjana:m.[BSk.pṛthagjana] 凡夫,異生,普通の人.-kalyāṇaka 善凡夫.-bhūmi 凡夫地.-sukha 凡夫の楽.
巴利語匯解&巴利新音譯 瑪欣德尊者
puthujjana:凡夫。直譯作異生。由puthu(種種的,各別的) + janana(產生,原因)組成。
義註中解釋:“他實以各種不同種類的煩惱等為生因、原因故為異生。即如[《大義釋》中]說:‘令各種煩惱產生為異生,未破除各種有身見者為異生,瞻視各種導師者為異生,未脫離各種趣者為異生,造作各種不同的行作者為異生,被各種暴流沖走為異生,被各種不同的熱惱所苦惱為異生,被各種不同的熱惱所焚燒為異生,貪染、貪求、纏縛、迷醉、取著、固執、牽掛、執著各種五欲功德為異生,被各種五蓋覆蓋、遮蔽、覆障、遮蓋、覆藏、覆蔽為異生。’”(M.A.1.2)
相對於聖者而言,凡是還沒有證悟四聖諦者都稱為凡夫。
《巴漢詞典》明法尊者增訂
Puthujjana,(BSK.prthagjana),【陽】凡夫,普通人,俗人,沒有受過教育的人。Yena puthujjanoti,ettha--“Duve puthujjanā vuttā,buddhenādiccabandhunā; Andho puthujjano eko,kalyāṇeko puthujjano”ti.Tattha yassa khandhadhātu-āyatanādīsu uggaha-paripucchā-savana-dhāraṇa-paccavekkhaṇāni natthi,ayaṁ andhaputhujjano.(以那凡夫,此處--以太陽的種族佛陀所說,一種闇鈍凡夫,一種善凡夫,闇鈍凡夫為不學習問、聞、憶持、省思蘊處界的人。)(DA.1./I,59.;CS:p.1.58~9) (so hi puthūnaṁ nānappakārānaṁ kilesādīnaṁ jananādīhi kāraṇehi puthujjano.(凡夫,因為生產、制造許多的各種不同的汙染)。闇鈍凡夫(andhaputhujjana)為不學習問、聞、憶持、省思蘊處界的人(khandhadhātu-āyatanādīsu uggaha-paripucchā-savana-dhāraṇa- paccavekkhaṇāni natthi,ayaṁ andhaputhujjano.) (DA.1./I,59.;CS:p.1.58~9)
巴英術語匯編 《法的醫療》附 溫宗堃
Puthujjana:凡夫,非聖者。
巴利文-漢文佛學名相辭匯 翻譯:張文明
Puthujjana:凡位;凡夫
Buddhist Dictionary by NYANATILOKA MAHATHERA
puthujjana:lit.:'one of the many folk','worldling',ordinary man,is any layman or monk who is still possessed of all the 10 fetters (saṃyojana,q.v.) binding to the round of rebirths,and therefore has not yet reached any of the 4 stages of holiness (s.ariya-puggala).

"Whoso is neither freed from the 3 fetters (personality-belief,sceptical doubt,attachment to mere rule and ritual),nor is on the way to lose these 3 things,such a one is called a worlding" (Pug.9).

According to Com.to M.9,a 'worlding' may be (1) an outsider (a non-Buddhist) who,if he believed in moral causation,may be said to have right view to that extent; but he has not the 'knowledge conforming to the Truths' (saccānulomika-ñāṇa),as has (2) the 'worldling inside the Buddha's Dispensation' (sāsanika).A worlding who professes Buddhism,may be either a 'blind worldling' (andha-p.) who has neither knowledge of,nor interest in the fundamental teaching (the Truths,groups,etc.); or he is a 'noble worldling' (kalyāṇa-p.),who has such knowledge and earnestly strives to understand and practise the Teaching.- See Aṭṭhasālinī Tr.II,451 (tr.by 'average man'); Com.to M.1,D.1.



Concise Pali-English Dictionary by A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera
puthujjana:[m.] a common world-ling; uneducated person.
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Puthujjana,[*prthag-jana,thus puthu 1+jana,but from the point of Pali identical in form and meaning with puthu 2,as shown by use of puthu in similar cpds.and by C.explns.One may even say that puthu 1=pṛthak is not felt at all in the P.word.Trenckner (Notes 76) already hinted at this by saying “puthujjana,partly confounded with puthu”; a connection which also underlies its expln as “one-of-the-many-folk” at Kvu trsln 807 & 2913.It is felt to belong to puthu 2 in the same sense as Ger.“die breite Masse,” or Gr.oi( polloi/.The expln at Nd1 308=328 is puthu-nānā-janā.A long and detailed etym.-speculation expln of the term is found at DA.I,59,trsld at Dhs.trsln 258.The BSk.form is pṛthagjana Divy 133 etc.) an ordinary,average person (4 classes of ordinary people are discussed at Cpd.49,50),a common worldling,a man of the people,an ordinary man M.I,1,7,135,239,323; III,64,227; S.I,148; II,94 sq.(assutạvā),151 (id.); III,46,108,162; IV,157,196,201 (assutavā),206 sq.; V,362 (opp.to sotāpanna); A.I,27,147 (maraṇa-dhammin),178,267; II,129,163; III,54; IV,68,97,157,372; Sn.351,455,706,816,859; Dh.59,272; Vv 826 (=anariya VvA.321,+anavabodha); Nd1 146,248; Ps.I,61 sq.,143,156; II,27; Dhs.1003 (cp.DhsA.248 sq.); Vism.311 (=anariya); VbhA.133 (avijj’âbhikhūta,bhava-taṇh’âbhibhūta),186 (ummat‹-› taka,opposed to upabrūhita-ñāṇa-purisa,exemplifying upādāna and kamma); DhA.I,5 (opp.ariyasāvaka),445; Sdhp.363. --kalyāṇaka (cp.BSk.pṛthagjana-kalyāṇaka Divy 419,429) an ordinary man striving after his spiritual good Nd1 477; Ps.I,176; II,190,193.--bhikkhu a bh.of the common sort DA.I,269; VbhA.383.--sukha ordinary happiness M.I,454.(Page 466)
Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Puthujjana:A king of old,who,though he gave great gifts,could not attain to beyond the realms of sense.J.vi.99.
Pali Viet Abhidhamma Terms Từ điển các thuật ngữ Vô Tỷ Pháp của ngài Tịnh Sự, được chép từ phần ghi chú thuật ngữ trong các bản dịch của ngài.
puthujjana:phàm phu,người phàm
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
puthujjana:ပုထုဇၨန (ပ)
အရိယာတို႔မွ အသီးအျခားျဖစ္ေသာသူ။ လူသာမန္။ ပုထုဇဥ္။

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