Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

漢譯パーリ語辭典 黃秉榮譯
padhāna:padahana n.[pa-dhā-ana.cf.padahati] ① 努力,精勤.-aṅga 精勤支,勤行支.-ghara 勤行堂.-saṅkhāra 勝行,精進.② [Sk.pradhāna] 初因,自性.
パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
padhāna:padahana n.[pa-dhā-ana.cf.padahati] ① 努カ,精勤.-aṅga 精勤支,勤行支.-ghara 勤行堂.-saṅkhāra 勝行,精進.② [Sk.pradhāna] 初因,自性.
《巴漢詞典》明法尊者增訂
Padhāna,(=padahana)﹐【中】努力,盡力。padhānaghara﹐【中】禪堂。padhānika﹐【形】努力修禪的。
《巴漢詞典》明法尊者增訂
Padhāna,(= padahana),【中】努力,盡力。padhānaghara,【中】為修禪而備的。padhānasaṅkhārā,勤行:SA.51.13.:Padhānasaṅkhārāti padhānabhūtā saṅkhārā,catukiccasādhakasammappadhānavīriyassetaṁ adhivacanaṁ.(勤行:變更勤行,這是完成四事勤(四正勤)的精進的同義詞。) cattāri padhānāni,四勤(four efforts)︰saṁvara-padhānaṁ 律儀勤 (the effort to avoid (unwholesome states)),pahāna-padhānaṁ 斷勤 (the effort to overcome (unwholesome states)),bhāvanā-padhānaṁ 修勤 (the effort to develop (wholesome states)),anurakkhaṇā-padhānaṁ 隨護勤 (the effort to maintain (wholesome states))。
《巴漢詞典》明法尊者增訂
Padhāna,【形】領袖,最初的。
Pali Word Grammar from Pali Myanmar Dictionary
padhāna: padhāna(na)
ပဓာန(န)
[pa+dhā+yu.jīvo tu puriso] ttātha,padhānaṃ pakatitthiyaṃ..92.dvayaṃ sattarajotamosāmyāvatthāyaṃ.padhīyantepalīyante atra guṇā sattarajotamorūpāti padhānaṃ,yu.,ṭī,92.padhānaṃ vīriyañcehā,uyyāmo ca dhititthiyaṃ..156.mahāmatto padhānañca,matisajīvo mantinī..340.mukhyo padhānaṃ pāmokkho,paramaggaññamuttaraṃ..695.padadhātīti padhānaṃ,yu.,ṭī.695.padhānaṃ tu mahāmatte,pakatyaggadhitīsu ca..983.]]pakatiyaṃ mahāmatte,paññāyaṃ paramattani.napuṃsakaṃ padhānaṃ taṃ,ekatte tuttame sadā]]ti rabhaso ca.,ṭī.340.vi,,sya,.340.vi,,sya,.340.amara,4.29.byākhyāsudhā.thoma.(pahāṇa-prā).]
[ပ+ဓာ+ယု။ ဇီေဝါ တု ပုရိေသာ' တၱာထ၊ ပဓာနံ ပကတိတၳိယံ။ ဓာန္။၉၂။ ဒြယံ သတၱရေဇာတေမာသာမ်ာဝတၳာယံ။ ပဓီယေႏၲပလီယေႏၲ အၾတ ဂုဏာ သတၱရေဇာတေမာ႐ူပါတိ ပဓာနံ၊ ယု။ ဓာန္၊ဋီ၊၉၂။ပဓာနံ ဝီရိယေၪၥဟာ၊ ဥယ်ာေမာ စ ဓိတိတၳိယံ။ ဓာန္။ ၁၅၆။ မဟာမေတၱာ ပဓာနၪၥ၊ မတိသဇီေဝါ မႏၲိနီ။ ဓာန္။၃၄၀။ မုေခ်ာ ပဓာနံ ပါေမာေကၡာ၊ ပရမဂၢညမုတၱရံ။ ဓာန္။၆၉၅။ ပဒဓာတီတိ ပဓာနံ၊ ယု။ ဓာန္၊ဋီ။၆၉၅။ ပဓာနံ တု မဟာမေတၱ၊ ပကတ်ဂၢဓိတီသု စ။ ဓာန္။ ၉၈၃။ "ပကတိယံ မဟာမေတၱ၊ ပညာယံ ပရမတၱနိ။ နပုံသကံ ပဓာနံ တံ၊ ဧကေတၱ တုတၱေမ သဒါ"တိ ရဘေသာ စ။ ဓာန္၊ဋီ။၃၄၀။ ဝိ၊ဓာန္၊သ်၊ သစ္။ ၃၄၀။ ဝိ၊ဓာန္၊သ်၊သစ္။၃၄၀။ အမရ၊၄။၂၉။ ဗ်ာခ်ာသုဓာ။ေထာမ။ (ပဟာဏ-ျပာ)။]
Buddhist Dictionary by NYANATILOKA MAHATHERA
padhāna:'effort.' The 4 right efforts (samma-padhāna),forming the 6th stage of the 8-fold Path (i.e.sammā-vāyāma,s.magga) are:(1) the effort to avoid (saṃvara-padhāna),(2) to overcome (pahāna-padhāna),(3) to develop (bhāvanā-padhāna),(4) to maintain (anurakkhaṇa-padhāna),i.e.(1) the effort to avoid unwholesome (akusala) states,such as evil thoughts,etc.(2) to overcome unwholesome states,(3) to develop wholesome (kusala) states,such as the 7 elements of enlightenment (bojjhaṅga,q.v.),(4) to maintain the wholesome states.

"The monk rouses his will to avoid the arising of evil,unwholesome things not yet arisen ...to overcome them ...to develop wholesome things not yet arisen ...to maintain them,and not to let them disappear,but to bring them to growth,to maturity and to the full perfection of development.And he makes effort,stirs up his energy,exerts his mind and strives" (A.IV,13).

(1) "What now,o monks,is the effort to avoid? Perceiving a form,or a sound,or an odour,or a taste,or a bodily or mental impression,the monk neither adheres to the whole nor to its parts.And he strives to ward off that through which evil and unwholesome things might arise,such as greed and sorrow,if he remained with unguarded senses; and he watches over his senses,restrains his senses.This is called the effort to avoid.

(2) "What now is the effort to overcome? The monk does not retain any thought of sensual lust,or any other evil,unwholesome states that may have arisen; he abandons them,dispels them,destroys them,causes them to disappear.This is called the effort to overcome.

(3) "What now is the effort to develop? The monk develops the factors of enlightenment,bent on solitude,on detachment,on extinction,and ending in deliverance,namely:mindfulness (sati),investigation of the law (dhamma-vicaya),energy (viriya),rapture (pīti),tranquillity (passaddhi),concentraton (samādhi),equanimity (upekkhā).This is called the effort to develop.

(4) "What now is the effort to maintain? The monk keeps firmly in his mind a favourable object of concentration,such as the mental image of a skeleton,a corpse infested by worms,a corpse blueblack in colour,a festering corpse,a corpse riddled with holes,a corpse swollen up.This is called the effort to maintain" (A.IV,14).
Concise Pali-English Dictionary by A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera
padhāna:[adj.] chief; foremost.(nt.) exertion; effort; striving.
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Padhāna,(nt.) [fr.pa+dhā,cp.padahati] exertion,energetic effort,striving,concentration of mind D.III,30,77,104,108,214,238; M.II,174,218; S.I,47; II,268; IV,360; V,244 sq.; A.III,65--67 (5 samayā and 5 asamayā for padhāna),249; IV,355; V,17 sq.; Sn.424,428; It.30; Dh.141; J.I,90; Nd2 394 (=viriya); Vbh.218 (citta-samādhi p° etc.); Nett 16; DA.I,104; DhA.I,85 (mahā-padhānaṁ padahitvā); ThA.174; PvA.134.Padhāna is fourfold,viz.saṁvara°,pahāna°,bhāvana°,anurakkhaṇā° or exertion consisting in the restraint of one’s senses,the abandonment of sinful thoughts,practice of meditation & guarding one’s character.These 4 are mentioned at D.III,225; A.II,16; Ps.I,84; II,14 sq.,56,86,166,174; Ud.34; Nd1 45,340; Sdhp.594.‹-› Very frequently termed sammappadhāna [cp.BSk.samyak-pradhāna MVastu III,120; but also samyakprahāṇa,e.g.Divy 208] or “right exertion,” thus at Vin.I,22; S.I,105; III,96 (the four); A.II,15 (id.); III,12; IV,125; Nd1 14; Ps.I,21,85,90,161; SnA 124; PvA.98.-- As padahana at Ps.I,17,21,181.(Page 411)
Pali Viet Dictionary Bản dịch của ngài Bửu Chơn.
PADHĀNA:padahana [nt] cố gắng,ráng sức,tinh tấn --ghara [nt] cái nhà dùng để tham thiền --nika [a] cố gắng tham thiền
Pali Viet Dictionary Bản dịch của ngài Bửu Chơn.
PADHĀNA:[a] đứng đầu,trước nhất
Pali Viet Abhidhamma Terms Từ điển các thuật ngữ Vô Tỷ Pháp của ngài Tịnh Sự, được chép từ phần ghi chú thuật ngữ trong các bản dịch của ngài.
padhāna:sự phấn đấu
Tipiṭaka Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary တိပိဋက-ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္
padhāna:ပဓာန(န)
[ပ+ဓာ+ယု။ ဇီေဝါ တု ပုရိေသာ' တၱာထ၊ ပဓာနံ ပကတိတၳိယံ။ ဓာန္။၉၂။ ဒြယံ သတၱရေဇာတေမာသာမ်ာဝတၳာယံ။ ပဓီယေႏၲပလီယေႏၲ အၾတ ဂုဏာ သတၱရေဇာတေမာ႐ူပါတိ ပဓာနံ၊ ယု။ ဓာန္၊ဋီ၊၉၂။ပဓာနံ ဝီရိယေၪၥဟာ၊ ဥယ်ာေမာ စ ဓိတိတၳိယံ။ ဓာန္။ ၁၅၆။ မဟာမေတၱာ ပဓာနၪၥ၊ မတိသဇီေဝါ မႏၲိနီ။ ဓာန္။၃၄၀။ မုေခ်ာ ပဓာနံ ပါေမာေကၡာ၊ ပရမဂၢညမုတၱရံ။ ဓာန္။၆၉၅။ ပဒဓာတီတိ ပဓာနံ၊ ယု။ ဓာန္၊ဋီ။၆၉၅။ ပဓာနံ တု မဟာမေတၱ၊ ပကတ်ဂၢဓိတီသု စ။ ဓာန္။ ၉၈၃။ "ပကတိယံ မဟာမေတၱ၊ ပညာယံ ပရမတၱနိ။ နပုံသကံ ပဓာနံ တံ၊ ဧကေတၱ တုတၱေမ သဒါ"တိ ရဘေသာ စ။ ဓာန္၊ဋီ။၃၄၀။ ဝိ၊ဓာန္၊သ်၊ သစ္။ ၃၄၀။ ဝိ၊ဓာန္၊သ်၊သစ္။၃၄၀။ အမရ၊၄။၂၉။ ဗ်ာခ်ာသုဓာ။ေထာမ။ (ပဟာဏ-ျပာ)။]
(၁) အားထုတ္-လုံ႔လျပဳ-ျခင္း။ (က) ကမၼ႒ာန္းတရားကို-အားထုတ္-ျဖစ္ပြါးေစ-ျခင္း။ (ခ) ဆင္းရဲ-ၿငိဳျငင္-ပင္ပန္း-စြာ-အားထုတ္-ျပဳက်င့္-ျခင္း၊ ဒုကၠရစရိယာအက်င့္။ (၂) အားထုတ္-ျဖစ္ပြါးေစ-အပ္ေသာ တရား။ (၃) အားထုတ္-လုံ႔လျပဳ-ေၾကာင္း ဝီရိယ။ (၄) အမြန္၊ အျမတ္။ (က) ျမင့္ျမတ္-ထူးကဲ-ေသာ တရား။ (ခ) မေဖာက္မျပန္-မွန္ကန္-ေသာ သေဘာ။ (၅) နိဗၺာန္။ (၆) တိတၳိတို႔ ၾကံဆအပ္ေသာ-မူလ-ပကတိ-ပဓာန-တရား။ (၇) အမတ္ခ်ဳပ္ႀကီး။ (တိ) (၈) ျမင့္ျမတ္-ျပ႒ာန္း-ေသာ။ (က) အႀကီးအမွဴး-ဦးစီး-ပဓာန-ျဖစ္ေသာ (တရား)။ (ခ) အႀကီးအကဲ-ေရွ႔သြား-ေခါင္းေဆာင္-ျဖစ္ေသာ၊ သူ။ (ဂ) လိုရင္း-ပဓာန-ျဖစ္ေသာ (ပုဒ္)။ ေထာင့္ကြင္းၾကည့္ပါ။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
padhāna:ပ-ဓာန (တိ)
အႀကီးျဖစ္ေသာ။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
padhāna:ပ-ဓာန (န) (ပ√ဓာ+ယု)
ျပင္းစြာ အားထုတ္ျခင္း။ ျမတ္ေသာ လံု႔လ။ မဂ္ႏွင့္ယွဥ္ေသာ ဝီရိယ။ ျပဳႏိုင္ခဲေသာ အက်င့္၌ အားထုတ္ျခင္း။ ကမၼ႒ာန္းစီးျဖန္းျခင္း။ စိတ္ကို ေဆာက္တည္ျခင္း။
ပဓာနကာေလ၊ ဒုကၠရစရိယာက်င့္ေတာ္မူေသာအခါ၌။

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