Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

漢譯パーリ語辭典 黃秉榮譯
paṭicca-samuppāda:m.[BSk.pratītya-samutpāda] 緣起,緣起的道理,緣起的法.-aṅga 緣起支.-kusala 緣起善巧的.-kusalatā 緣起善巧.-naya 緣起法.-niddesa 緣起的解釋.
パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
paṭicca-samuppāda:m.[BSk.pratītya-samutpāda] 縁起,縁起の道理,縁起の法.-aṅga 縁起支.-kusala 縁起に巧みなる.-kusalatā 縁起善巧.-naya 縁起法.-niddesa 縁起の解釈.
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Paṭicca-samuppāda,[p.+samuppāda,BSk.prātītyasamutpāda,e.g.Divy 300,547] “arising on the grounds of (a preceding cause)” happening by way of cause,working of cause & effect,causal chain of causation; causal genesis,dependent origination,theory of the twelve causes.-- See on this Mrs.Rh.D.in Buddhism 90 f.,Ency.Rel.& Ethics,s.v.& KS.II,,preface.Cpd.p.260 sq.with diagram of the “Wheel of Life”; Pts.of Controversy,390 f.-- The general formula runs thus:Imasmiṁ sati,idaṁ hoti,imass’uppādā,idaṁ uppajjati; imasmiṁ asati,idaṁ na hoti; imassa nirodhā,idaṁ nirujjhati.This being,that becomes; from the arising of this,that arises; this not becoming,that does not become:from the ceasing of this,that ceases M.II,32; S.II,28 etc.The term usually occurs applied to dukkha in a famous formula which expresses the Buddhist doctrine of evolution,the respective stages of which are conditioned by a preceding cause & constitute themselves the cause of resulting effect,as working out the next state of the evolving (shall we say) “individual” or “being,” in short the bearer of evolution.The respective links in this chain which to study & learn is the first condition for a “Buddhist” to an understanding of life,and the cause of life,and which to know forward and backward (anuloma-paṭilomaṁ manas’âkāsi Vin.I,1) is indispensable for the student,are as follows.The root of all,primary cause of all existence,is avijjā ignorance; this produces saṅkhārā: karma,dimly conscious elements,capacity of impression or predisposition (will,action,Cpd.; synergies Mrs.Rh.D.),which in their turn give rise to viññāṇa thinking substance (consciousness,Cpd.; cognition Mrs.Rh.D.),then follow in succession the foll.stages:nāmarūpa individuality (mind & body,animated organism Cpd.; name & form Mrs.Rh.D.),saḷāyatana the senses (6 organs of sense Cpd.; the sixfold sphere Mrs.Rh.D.),phassa contact,vedanā feeling,taṇhā thirst for life (craving),upādāna clinging to existence or attachment (dominant idea Cpd.; grasping Mrs.Rh.D.),bhava (action or character Cpd.; renewed existence Mrs.Rh.D.),jāti birth (rebirth conception Cpd.),jarāmaraṇa (+soka-parideva-dukkhadomanass’ûpayāsā) old age & death (+tribulation,grief,sorrow,distress & despair).The BSk.form is pratītya-samutpāda,e.g.at Divy 300,547.

The Paṭicca-samuppāda is also called the Nidāna (“basis,” or “ground,” i.e.cause) doctrine,or the Paccay’ākāra (“related-condition”),and is referred to in the Suttas as Ariya-ñāya (“the noble method or system”).The term paccay’ākāra is late and occurs only in Abhidhamma-literature.-- The oldest account is found in the Mahāpadāna Suttanta of the Dīgha Nikāya (D.II,30 sq.; cp.Dial.II.24 sq.),where 10 items form the constituents of the chain,and are given in backward order,reasoning from the appearance of dukkha in this world of old age and death towards the original cause of it in viññāṇa.The same chain occurs again at S.II,104 sq.-- A later development shows 12 links,viz.avijjā and saṅkhārā added to precede viññāṇa (as above).Thus at S.II,5 sq.-- A detailed exposition of the P.-s.in Abhidhamma literature is the exegesis given by Bdhgh at Vism.XVII.(pp.517--586,under the title of Paññā-bhūmi-niddesa),and at VbhA.130--213 under the title of Paccayākāra-vibhaṅga.‹-› Some passages selected for ref.:Vin.I,1 sq.; M.I,190,257; S.I,136; II,1 sq.,26 sq.,42 sq.,70,92 sq.,113 sq.; AI.177; V,184; Sn.653; Ud.1 sq.; Ps.I,50 sq.; 144; Nett 22,24,32,64 sq.; DA.I,125,126.

--kusala skilled in the (knowledge of the) chain of causation M.III,63; Nd1 171; f.abstr.°kusalatā D.III,212.(Page 394)

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