Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

巴利語匯解&巴利新音譯 瑪欣德尊者
pāḷi-bhāsā:巴利語。是由佛陀在世時中印度馬嘎塔國(Magadha,摩揭陀國)一帶使用的方言變化而來。南傳上座部佛教相信巴利語是佛陀當年講經說法時所使用的馬嘎塔口語,故又稱為“馬嘎底語”(Māgadhika, Māgadhī,摩揭陀語)。
“巴利”(pāḷi)一詞原意指佛語(Buddha-bhāsā)、聖典、三藏,用以區分作為解釋聖典的文獻——義註(aṭṭhakathā)和復註(ṭīkā)。也因如此,記錄聖典、佛語的專用語“馬嘎底語”到後來也就逐漸成了“佛經語”“聖典語”的代名詞,即“巴利語”。
巴利語與梵語(Saṅskrit)同屬古印度語,但梵語屬於雅語,巴利語屬於俗語;梵語是貴族語,巴利語是民眾語(Prākrit);梵語是婆羅門教-印度教的標準語,巴利語則是佛陀及聖弟子們的用語。佛陀曾禁止僧眾們用梵語來統一佛語。
南傳上座部佛教因為使用巴利語傳誦三藏經典,故又被稱為“巴利語系佛教”。

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