Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

漢譯パーリ語辭典 黃秉榮譯
nimitta:n.[〃] 相,因相,前兆,瑞兆,徴相,特相,占相,現相,婬相,界標,標識,理由.acc.nimittaṃ; instr.nimittena 因~的理由,因~之故,為了~.-ānusārin 跟隨相貌徴相(following outward signs).-kamma 示相業.-karaṇa 相因,取相.-kosalla 相善巧.-gāhin 執取相貌徴相的.-mattā 少量相貌女,不全形(不完整)女.[(譯者補充) (acc.nimittaṃ) 和 (instr.nimittena)都是做副詞且意思相同.cf.nidāna 的 acc.nidānaṃ].
パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
nimitta:n.[〃] 相,因相,前兆,瑞兆,徴相,特相,占相,現相,婬相,界標,標識,理由.acc.nimittaṃ; instr.nimittena…の理由で,…のために.-ānusārin 相貌に従う.-kamma 示相業.-karaṇa 相因,取相.-kosalla 相善巧.-gāhin 相貌を取る.-mattā 少相女,不全形女.
増補改訂パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
nimitta:n.[〃] 相,因相,前兆,瑞兆,徴相,特相,占相,現相,婬相,界標,標識,理由.acc.nimittaṃ; instr.nimittena…の理由で,…のために.-ānusārin 相貌に従う.-antaradhāra[男女の]性相の隠没.-kamma 示相業.-karaṇa 相因,取相.-kosalla 相善巧.-gāhin 相貌を取る.-mattā 少相女,不全形女
巴利語匯解&巴利新音譯 瑪欣德尊者
nimitta:禪相。意為標誌、標記、征兆。禪修時由於專註禪修所緣而生起的影像為禪相。禪相由心想而生,屬於概念法。
有三種禪相:遍作相(parikammanimitta)、取相(uggahanimitta)和似相(paṭibhāganimitta)。
在三種禪相中,四十種業處都可通過適當的方法獲得遍作相與取相,但只有十遍、十不凈、身至念與入出息念22種業處才能獲得似相,並且必須通過專註似相證得近行定與安止定。
《巴漢詞典》Mahāñāṇo Bhikkhu編著
Nimitta,【中】 跡象,預兆,前兆,因素。 ~ggāhī,【形】 性感的,被向外的告示引導離開。 ~pāṭhaka,【陽】 預知的人。(p177)
《巴漢詞典》明法尊者增訂
Nimitta,(cp.梵nimitta,to mā),【中】跡象(sign),預兆(omen),前兆(portent),因素(prognostication)。nimittaggāhī,【形】取相,被向外的告示引導離開。nimittapāṭhaka,【陽】預知的人。pubbanimitta﹐前兆。VbhA.(CS:p.148)︰Saṅkhepato paṭisandhiyā tīṇi ārammaṇāni honti--kammaṁ,kammanimittaṁ gatinimittanti.Tattha kammaṁ nāma āyūhitā kusalākusalacetanā.Kammanimittaṁ nāma yaṁ vatthuṁ ārammaṇaṁ katvā kammaṁ āyūhati.Tattha atīte kappakoṭisatasahassamatthakasmimpi kamme kate tasmiṁ khaṇe kammaṁ vā kammanimittaṁ vā āgantvā upaṭṭhāti.…(CS:p.149) Gatinimittaṁ nāma nibbattanaka-okāse eko vaṇṇo upaṭṭhāti.Tattha niraye upaṭṭhahante lohakumbhisadiso hutvā upaṭṭhāti.Manussaloke upaṭṭhahante mātukucchikambalayānasadisā hutvā upaṭṭhāti.(在結生,約略說,有三種所緣︰業、業相、趣相。此中,業︰已累積的善不善業。業相︰指累積的作(善不善)業的所緣的樣貌。此中,過去百千俱祇劫已作的業,以業或業相來了之後,就生起。趣相︰在空中出現的某景象,此中,在地獄的話,生起那地方的銅鍋(lohakumbhī)之類。在人間的話,生起母胎(mātukucchi)、毛織品(kambala)、車子(yāna)之類。) 《阿毘達摩廣釋》(Vibhv.CS:p.191~2.) :Apica paccuppannaṁ kammanimittaṁ cuti-āsannappavattānaṁ pañcadvārikajavanānaṁ ārammaṇaṁ hoti.“Pañcadvārika-kammañca paṭisandhinimittakaṁ na hoti paridubbalabhāvato”ti.(此外,臨終轉起現在(當面)的業相,為五門諸速行的所緣。不過,五門的業過於微弱,不會是結生的相。) (按︰五門心路之後,緊接著意門心路,意門心路取五門心路的所緣。)
巴利文-漢文佛學名相辭匯 翻譯:張文明
Nimitta:相;現相;標識;徵相;瑞兆Uggaha nimitta(取相) Paṭibhāga nimitta(似相)
Pali Word Grammar from Pali Myanmar Dictionary
nimitta: nimitta(na)
နိမိတၱ(န)
[ni+miha+ta.ni pubbomiha secane,to,nimittaṃ.,ṭī.273.]
[နိ+မိဟ+တ။ နိ ပုေဗၺာမိဟ ေသစေန၊ ေတာ၊ နိမိတၱံ။ ဓာန္၊ ဋီ။ ၂၇၃။]
Pali Word Grammar from Pali Myanmar Dictionary
nimitta: nimitta(na)
နိမိတၱ(န)
[ni+mā+ta.attano phalaṃ niminātīti nimittaṃ,mā parimāṇe,ni pubbo.,ṭī.91.ni+mi+ta.sūci. (nimitta-saṃ,addhamāgadhī,ṇimitta-prā)]
[နိ+မာ+တ။ အတၱေနာ ဖလံ နိမိနာတီတိ နိမိတၱံ၊ မာ ပရိမာေဏ၊ နိ ပုေဗၺာ။ ဓာန္၊ဋီ။ ၉၁။ နိ+မိ+တ။ သူစိ။ (နိမိတၱ-သံ၊ အဒၶမာဂဓီ၊ ဏိမိတၱ-ျပာ)]
Buddhist Dictionary by NYANATILOKA MAHATHERA
nimitta:As signifying the mental reflex-image occurring in meditation,this term,singly or in compounds (parikkamma-uggaha-patibhāga-n.),is found only in the Com.,Vis.M.,etc.The same holds good for kamma-nimittagati-nimitta
Buddhist Dictionary by NYANATILOKA MAHATHERA
nimitta:mark,sign; image; target,object; cause,condition.These meanings are used in,and adapted to,many contexts of which only the doctrinal ones are mentioned here.

1.'Mental (reflex-) image',obtained in meditation.In full clarity,it will appear in the mind by successful practice of certain concentration-exercises and will then appear as vividly as if seen by the eye.The object perceived at the very beginning of concentration is called the preparatory image (parikamma-nimitta).The still unsteady and unclear image,which arises when the mind has reached a weak degree of concentration,is called the acquired image (uggaha-nimitta).An entirely clear and immovable image arising at a higher degree of concentration is the counter-image (paṭibhāga-nimitta).As soon as this image arises,the stage of neighbourhood (or access) concentration (upacāra-samādhi) is reached.For further details,s.kasiṇasamādhi

2.'Sign of (previous) kamma' (kamma-nimitta) and 'sign of (the future) destiny' (gati-nimitta); these arise as mental objects of the last karmic consciousness before death (maraṇāsanna kamma; s.kamma,III,3).

Usages (1) and (2) are commentarial (s.App.).In Sutta usage,the term occurs,e.g.as:

3.'Outward appearance':of one who has sense-control it is said- that "he does not seize upon the general appearance' of an object (na nimittaggāhī; M.38,D.2; expl.Vis I,54f; see sīla).

4.'Object':the six objects,i.e.visual,etc.(rūpa-nimitta; S.XXII,3).Also,when in explanation of animitta -cetovimutti,signless deliverance of mind (s.cetovimuttivimokkha),it is said,'sabbanimittānaṃ amanasikārā',it refers to the 6 sense-objects (Com.to M.43 [Saḷāyatanavagga-aṭṭhakathā]),and has therefore to be rendered "by paying no attention to any object (or object-ideas)." - A pleasant or beautiful object (subha-nimitta,q.v.) is a condition to the arising of the hindrance of sense-desire; a 'repellent object' (paṭigha-nimitta) for the hindrance of ill-will; contemplation on the impurity of an object (asubha-nimitta; s.asubha) is an antidote to sense-desire.

5.In Pts.M.II,in a repetitive series of terms,nimitta appears together with uppādo (origin of existence),pavattaṃ (continuity of existence),and may then be rendered by 'condition of existence' (s.Path,194f.).
Concise Pali-English Dictionary by A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera
nimitta:[nt.] sign; omen; portent; cause.
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Nimitta,(nt.) [cp.Sk.nimitta,to ,although etym.uncertain] 1.sign,omen,portent,prognostication D.I,9 (study of omens=n.satthaṁ DA.I,92,q.v.for detailed expln); J.I,11 (caturo nimitte nâddasaṁ); Miln.79,178.Esp.as pubba° signs preceding an event,portents,warnings,foreshadowings S.V,154,278,442; It.76 (cp.Divy 193,of the waning of a god); J.I,48,50 (32 signs before birth,some at DA.I,61),59; Miln.298; Vism.577.‹-› 2.outward appearance,mark,characteristic,attribute,phenomenon (opp.essence) D.III,249; A.I,256; III,319,375 sq.; IV,33,418 sq.; J.I,420; Ps.I,60,91 sq.,164,170; II,39,64; Vbh.193 sq.-- Mental reflex,image (with ref.to jhāna) Vism.123,cp.DhsA.167.-- Specified e.g.as foll.:oḷārika S.V,259; pasādaniya S.V,156; paccavekkhana° D.III,278; Vbh.334; bahiddhā-saṅkhārā° Ps.I,66 sq.; bāla° (opp.paṇḍita°) M.III,163; A.I,102; mukha° (=face) D.I,80; S.III,103; V,121; A.V,92,97 sq.,103; rūpa°,sadda° etc.S.III,10; M.I,296; Ps.I,92,112; samatha° D.III,213; samādhi° etc.A.I,256 sq.; subha° (& asubha°) S.V,64,103 sq.; A.I,3 sq.,87,200; V,134; Vism.178 sq.nimittaṁ gaṇhāti to make something the object of a thought,to catch up a theme for reflection Vin.I,183,cp.S.V,150 sq.(°ṁ uggaṇhāti); M.I,119 (=five sorts of mental images); Nd2 659; DhsA.53 (=ākāra).See below n-gāhin & animitta.‹-› nimittaṁ parivajjeti to discard the phenomenal S.I,188; Sn.341.-- 3.mark,aim:in nimittaṁ karoti to pick out the aim,to mark out J.V,436; Nd2 235,1d; Miln.418.‹-› 4.sexual organ (cp.lakkhaṇa) Vin.III,129 (n.& a°,as term of abuse); see also kāṭa & koṭacikā.-- 5.ground,reason,condition,in nimittena (Instr.) and nimittaṁ (Acc.) as adv.=by means of,on account of DhA.III,175 (Instr.) PvA.8,97 (jāti-nimittaṁ),106 (kiṁ n°ṁ=kissa hetu),242 (yaṁ n°ṁ=yato nidānaṁ).gahita-nimittena “by means of being caught” Vism.144=DhsA.116 (read trsln 154 accordingly!).adj.nimitta (-°) caused by,referring to PvA.64 (maraṇa-nimittaṁ rodanaṁ).-- animitta free from marks or attributes,not contaminated by outward signs or appearance,undefiled,unaffected,unconditioned (opp.sa°) S.I,188; IV,225 (phassa),268,360 (samādhi); M.I,296 (cetovimutti); A.I,82; III,292; IV,78; Vin.III,129; Th.1,92; D.III,219,249; Dh.92; Sn.342; Ps.I,60,91; II,36,59 sq.(vimokha),65 sq.,99; Dhs.530 (read a° for appa°); Vism.236; DhsA.223 (absence of the 3 lakkhaṇas); Miln.333,413; DhA.II,172; ThA.50.See also Cpd.199,2115sanimitta S.V,213 sq.; A.I,82.

--ânusārin following outward signs (=°gāhin) A.III,292; Nett 25; --kamma prognostication,prophecy Vin.V,172; Vbh.353; --karaṇa=gāhin S.IV,297; --gāhin “taking signs,” enticed or led away by outward signs,entranced with the general appearance,sensuously attracted D.I,70 (cp.Dialogues I.80); III,225; S.IV,104,168; A.II,16; III,99; V,348; Pug.20,24,58; Dhs.1345; Miln.367,403.Cp.Vism.151,209.(Page 367)
Pali Viet Dictionary Bản dịch của ngài Bửu Chơn.
NIMITTA:[nt] dấu hiệu,triệu chứng,ấn chứng,nguyên nhân --ggāhī [a] tình dục lôi cuốn,mê theo hình ảnh bên ngoài --pāṭhaka [m] người nói trước,đoán trước,người tiên tri về các hiện tượng
Pali Viet Abhidhamma Terms Từ điển các thuật ngữ Vô Tỷ Pháp của ngài Tịnh Sự, được chép từ phần ghi chú thuật ngữ trong các bản dịch của ngài.
nimitta:sự ra dấu,tướng,tướng dạng,ấn tướng
Tipiṭaka Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary တိပိဋက-ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္
nimitta:နိမိတၱ(န)
[နိ+မာ+တ။ အတၱေနာ ဖလံ နိမိနာတီတိ နိမိတၱံ၊ မာ ပရိမာေဏ၊ နိ ပုေဗၺာ။ ဓာန္၊ဋီ။ ၉၁။ နိ+မိ+တ။ သူစိ။ (နိမိတၱ-သံ၊ အဒၶမာဂဓီ၊ ဏိမိတၱ-ျပာ)]
(၁) နိမိတ္၊ (က) အေၾကာင္း။ (ခ) အမွတ္အသား၊ အျခင္းအရာ (အသြင္,သဏၭာန္,ဟန္,အမူအရာ)။ (ဂ) အရိပ္ (မ်က္ႏွာရိပ္ စသည္)။ (ဃ) အရိပ္အေရာင္၊ အရိပ္ အႁမြက္ (ပရိယာယ္အားျဖင့္ အမွတ္အသားကို ျဖစ္ေစျခင္း)။ (င) နိမိတ္က်မ္း (ငယ္ေသာ နိမိတ္၏ အ က်ိဳး,အျပစ္ကို ဆိုရာျဖစ္ေသာ က်မ္း။ ပခုကၠဴ၊ ဒီ၊ ၁။ သ်)။ (စ) နိမိတ္ဖတ္ျခင္း။ (ဆ) နိမိတ္အနက္။ (ဇ) (ပိုင္းျခား-သတ္မွတ္-ေၾကာင္းျဖစ္ေသာ) အမွတ္အသား (သိမ္နိမိတ္ စသည္)။ (စ်) မွတ္တိုင္၊ ပစ္မွတ္။ (ည) အာ႐ုံ။ (၂) တံဆိပ္၊ ခ်ိတ္အိတ္တံဆိပ္ (ဝိ၊၂။သ်၊ ဘုရားႀကီး) (၃) ခိုးယူ (၄) သုတ္ (စူဠ-ေဝဒလႅ,မဟာေဝဒလႅသုတ္ စသည္)။
Tipiṭaka Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary တိပိဋက-ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္
nimitta:နိမိတၱ(န)
[နိ+မိဟ+တ။ နိ ပုေဗၺာမိဟ ေသစေန၊ ေတာ၊ နိမိတၱံ။ ဓာန္၊ ဋီ။ ၂၇၃။]
(၁) နိမိတ္၊ အဂၤါဇာတ္။ (တိ) (၂) နိမိတ္-အဂၤါဇာတ္-ရာမွ်သာရွိေသာ (ရဟန္းမ)။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
nimitta:နိမိတၱ (န)
အမွတ္။ အမွတ္အသား။ မွတ္ေၾကာင္း၊ အေၾကာင္း။ အေၾကာင္းအာ႐ံု။ အာ႐ံု။ အဂၤါဇာတ္။ နိမိတ္။ သေရ
နိမိတၱံ ဂဏွိ၊ အသံ၌ အာ႐ံုကို ယူ၏။

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