Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

漢譯パーリ語辭典 黃秉榮譯
naraka:m.[〃] 奈落(※),地獄.-aṅgāra 地獄之火.-ppapāta 地獄的坑崖.-satta 地獄有情.cf.niraya.[※(譯者補充) 奈落是日文漢字,意為地獄,日文的羅馬拼音為naraku,取自印度梵語音譯].
パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
naraka:m.[〃] 奈落,地獄.-aṅgāra 地獄の火.-ppapāta 地獄の坑崖.-satta 地獄有情.cf.niraya.
巴利語匯解&巴利新音譯 瑪欣德尊者
naraka:地獄,或作niraya,苦界、惡趣之一,為輪回流轉中最痛苦、最低劣的生存界。如義註中說:“以無喜樂義、無樂味處故為地獄。”(nirati-atthena nirassādaṭṭhena nirayo.)
在《本生》等經典中提到有八大地獄(aṭṭha mahā-nirayā),它們分別是:
1.復活地獄(Sañjīva),2.黑索地獄(Kāḷasutta),3.眾合地獄(Saṅghāta),4.號叫地獄(Roruva),5.大號叫地獄(Mahāroruva),6.燃燒地獄(Tāpana)、7.大焦熱地獄(Patāpana),8.無間地獄(Avīci)。(J.530)
眾生由於所造作的不善業成熟而墮落地獄。在這八大地獄中,所遭受的痛苦一個比一個更劇烈,其中又以無間地獄最為痛苦。因為墮落無間地獄的眾生將遭受被燃燒、煎煮等痛苦,毫無間斷,故名無間。這八個地獄的每個地獄各有四門,每一門又各有四個小地獄(ussadaniraya),如是共有一百三十六個大小地獄。
在《相應部》《增支部》《經集》等聖典中,還提及十種地獄:
1.阿菩達地獄(Abbuda niraya),2.尼拉菩達地獄(Nirabbuda niraya),3.阿拔拔地獄(Ababa niraya),4.阿嗒嗒地獄(Aṭaṭa niraya),5.阿哈哈地獄(Ahaha niraya),6.睡蓮地獄(Kumuda niraya),7.香蓮地獄(Sogandhika niraya),8.青蓮花地獄(Uppala niraya),9.白蓮花地獄(Puṇḍarika niraya),10.紅蓮花地獄(Paduma niraya) (S.1.181; A.10.9.9; Sn.3.10)
不過,義註解釋說:其實並沒有單獨的阿菩達地獄等,它們都從屬於無間大地獄。
《巴漢詞典》Mahāñāṇo Bhikkhu編著
Naraka,煉獄,地獄。 ~ggi,【陽】 地獄火。(p168)
《巴漢詞典》明法尊者增訂
Naraka,煉獄,地獄,音譯:那落迦。cf.niraya,【陽】地獄。
Pali Word Grammar from Pali Myanmar Dictionary
naraka: naraka(pu)
နရက(ပု)
[nī+ṇvu.ra-lā.apuññe netīti narako,ṇvu,ranto ca,narako.,ṭī.657.(naraka-saṃ,naragaç narayaç naraa-addhamāgadhī.ṇaragaç ṇaraya-prā,narakaya-sī)]
[နီ+ဏြဳ။ ရ-လာ။ အပုေည ေနတီတိ နရေကာ၊ ဏြဳ၊ ရေႏၲာ စ၊ နရေကာ။ ဓာန္၊ဋီ။၆၅၇။ (နရက-သံ၊ နရဂ,နရယ,နရအ-အဒၶမာဂဓီ။ ဏရဂ,ဏရယ-ျပာ၊ နရကယ-သီဟိုဠ္)]
Concise Pali-English Dictionary by A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera
naraka:purgatory; the hell.
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Naraka,[Sk.naraka; etym.doubtful,problematic whether to Gr.nέrteros (=inferus),Ags.nord=north as region of the underworld] 1.a pit D.I,234; Th.1,869; J.IV,268 (°āvāṭa PvA.225).-- 2.a name for Niraya,i.e.purgatory; a place of torment for the deceased (see niraya & cp.list of narakas at Divy 67) S.I,209; Sn.706; PvA.52; Sdhp.492 (saṁsāraghora°),612.

--aṅgāra the ashes of purgatory Sdhp.32.(Page 347)
Pali Viet Dictionary Bản dịch của ngài Bửu Chơn.
NARAKA:cảnh khổ,địa ngục --ggi [m] lửa địa ngục
Tipiṭaka Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary တိပိဋက-ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္
naraka:နရက(ပု)
[နီ+ဏြဳ။ ရ-လာ။ အပုေည ေနတီတိ နရေကာ၊ ဏြဳ၊ ရေႏၲာ စ၊ နရေကာ။ ဓာန္၊ဋီ။၆၅၇။ (နရက-သံ၊ နရဂ,နရယ,နရအ-အဒၶမာဂဓီ။ ဏရဂ,ဏရယ-ျပာ၊ နရကယ-သီဟိုဠ္)]
နရက္၊ (၁) ငရဲ။ (၂) ေခ်ာက္။ (၃) တြင္း။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
naraka:နရက (ပ)
ေခ်ာက္။ နရက္ေခ်ာက္။ ငရဲ။

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