Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
mūla:n.[〃] 根,根本,元金,代価.dat.mūlāya 根本に,元に.mūlāya paṭikassati 元にもどす,本日治.-ādāyaka bhikkhu 造事比丘,根本を取る比丘.-kammaṭṭhāna 根本業処.-gandha 根香.-ghacca 根絶されたる.-cīvara 本衣.-dassāvin 根本を見たる.-pphala 根果.-bandhana 根本縛.-bīja 根種,根の種子.-bhavaṅga 根本有分.-bhāsā 根本語.-bhesajja 根薬.-mātikā 根本論母.-rasa 根味.-samādhi 根本定.
《巴漢詞典》Mahāñāṇo Bhikkhu編著
Mūla,【中】 根,錢,現金,腳,底部,起源,因素,基礎,開始。 ~kanda,【陽】 球莖根。 ~dhana,【中】 被存放的錢。 ~bīja,【中】 發芽的根。(p258)
Pali Word Grammar from Pali Myanmar Dictionary
mūla: mūla(na)
[မူလ+အ။ နီတိ၊ဓာ။၁၆၄။]
Buddhist Dictionary by NYANATILOKA MAHATHERA
mūla:'roots',also called hetu (q.v.; s.paccaya,1),are those conditions which through their presence determine the actual moral quality of a volitional state (cetanā),and the consciousness and mental factors associated therewith,in other words,the quality of kamma (q.v.).There are 6 such roots,3 kammically wholesome and 3 unwholesome roots,viz.,:greed,hate,delusion (lobhadosamoha),and greedlessness,hatelessness,undeludedness (alobhaadosaamoha).

In A.III,68 it is said that greed arises through unwise reflection on an attractive object,hate through unwise reflection on a repulsive object.Thus,greed (lobha or rāga) comprises all degrees of 'attractedness' towards an object from the faintest trace of a longing thought up to grossest egoism,whilst hatred (dosa) comprises all degrees of 'repulsion' from the faintest trace of ill-humor up to the highest pitch of hate and wrath.

The 3 wholesome (kusala) roots,greedlessness,etc.,though expressed in negative terms,nevertheless possess a distinctly positive character,just as is also often the case with negative terms in other languages,for example,the negative term 'immorality',which has a decidedly positive character.

Thus,greedlessness (alobha) is a name for unselfishness,liberality,etc.,hatelessness (adosa) for kindness or goodwill (mettā),undeludedness (amoha) for wisdom (paññā).

"The perception of impurity is to be developed in order to overcome greed (lust); loving-kindness in order to overcome hate; wisdom in order to overcome delusion" (A.VI,107).

"Killing,stealing,unlawful sexual intercourse,lying,tale-bearing,harsh language,frivolous talk,covetousness,ill-will and wrong views (s.kammapatha),these things are due either to greed,or hate,or delusion" (A.X,174).

"Enraptured with lust (greed),enraged with hate,blinded by delusion,overwhelmed,with mind ensnared,man aims at his own ruin,at others' ruin,at the ruin of both,and he experiences mental pain and grief.And he follows evil ways in deeds,words and thought...And he really knows neither his own welfare,nor the welfare of others,nor the welfare of both.These things make him blind and ignorant,hinder his knowledge,are painful,and do not lead him to peace."

The presence or absence of the 3 unwholesome roots forms part of the mind contemplation in the Satipaṭṭhāna Sutta (M.10).They are also used for the classification of unwholesome consciousness (s.Tab.I).

See The Roots of Good and Evil,by Nyanaponika Thera (WHEEL 251/253).
Concise Pali-English Dictionary by A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera
mūla:[nt.] root; money; cash; foot; bottom; origin; cause; foundation; beginning.
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Mūla,(nt.) [Vedic mūra & mūla.The root is given as mūl in 2 meanings,viz.lit.“rohane” Dhtm 859,and fig.“patiṭṭhāyaṁ” Dhtm 391] 1.(lit.) root A.II,200= M.I,233; DhA.I,270; IV,200 (opp.patti); Vism.270 (rukkha°=rukkha-samīpaṁ); Pv.II,96 (sa° with the root); PvA.43 (rukkhassa mūle at the foot of).-- 2.foot,bottom Vin.II,269 (patta°); PvA.73 (pāda°),76 (id.).rukkha° foot of a tree:see under rukkha for special meaning.-- 3.(appld) ground for,reason,cause,condition,defd as “hetu,nidāna,sambhava” etc.at Nd2 s.v.; Sn.14=369 (akusalā mũlā n.pl.=ākāra or patiṭṭhā SnA 23); Pv.II,333 (sa° with its cause); Dukp 272,297,312,320; Miln.12 (& khandha-yamaka,with ref.to the Yamaka).Very freq.in this sense as referring to the three lobha,dosa,moha as conditioning akusala (& absence of them=kusala),e.g.at D.III,214,275; A.I,201; 203; Vbh.106 sq.,169,361; Yam I.1; Vism.454; cp.Nd2 517; VbhA.382.-- 4.origin,source,foundation,root (fig.) Vin.I,231=D.II,91 (dukkhassa); Vin.II,304; Sn.916,968 (cp.Nd1 344,490); Th.1,1027 (brahmacariyassa); Dh.247,337.Freq.in formula (may be taken to no.1) [pahīna] ucchinna-mūla tālâvatthukata etc.with ref.to the origin of saṁsāra,e.g.at S.II,62,88; III,10,27,161,193; IV,253,292,376.See Nd2 p.205 s.v.pahīna,in extenso.-- 5.beginning,base,in mūladivasa the initial day DA.I,311; also in phrase mūlakāraṇato right from the beginning VvA.132 (cp.BSk.mūlaṁ kramataś ca id.Divy 491).-- 6.“substance,” foundation,i.e.worth,money,capital,price,remuneration Miln.334 (kamma°); DhA.I,270 (?); PvA.273; Mhvs 27,23.amūla unpaid Mhvs 30,17 (kamma labour).--iṇa° borrowed capital D.I,71.

--kanda eatable tuber DhA.III,130; IV,78 (mūlaka°).See also kanda.--kammaṭṭhāna fundamental k.or k.of causes SnA 54.--ghacca radically extirpated Dh.250,263.--ṭṭha one who is the cause of something,an instigator Vin.III,75.--dassāvin knowing the cause or reason Sn.1043,cp.Nd2 517.--phala (eatable) fruit,consisting of roots; roots as fruit Sn.239.--bandhana fundamental bond (?) or set of causes (?) Sn.524 sq.,530 sq.,cp.SnA 429--431.--bīja having seeds in roots,i.e.propagated by roots,one of the classes of plants enumd under bījagāma (q.v.).--rasa taste of roots,or juice made fr.roots VbhA.69; see under rasa.(Page 539)
Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Mūla:A minister of King Vattagāmani.He built the Mūlavokāsa vihāra.Mhv.xxxix.89; Dpv.xix.18,19.
Pali Viet Dictionary Bản dịch của ngài Bửu Chơn.
MŪLA:[nt] củ,rễ,gốc,tiền bạc,tiền mặt,chân,dưới đáy,nguồn gốc,nguyên nhân,nền tảng,khởi đầu --kanda [m] có hình củ hành --bija [nt] cây mọc lên nơi rể
Pali Viet Abhidhamma Terms Từ điển các thuật ngữ Vô Tỷ Pháp của ngài Tịnh Sự, được chép từ phần ghi chú thuật ngữ trong các bản dịch của ngài.
mūla:căn,căn bản,cội rễ
Tipiṭaka Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary တိပိဋက-ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္
[မူလ+အ။ နီတိ၊ဓာ။၁၆၄။]
(၁) မူလတရား၊ ဟိတ္တရား၊ (၂) မူလနကၡတ္။ (၃) အေၾကာင္း၊ အေျခခံအေၾကာင္း၊ ပင္ရင္းမူလ။ (၄) ေရွးဦးအစ၊ ကနဦး။ (၅) အဖိုးႏႈန္း၊ အဖိုးအခ၊ တန္းဖိုး။ (၆) အရင္းအႏွီးဥစၥာ။ (၇) တည္ရာ။ (၈) အနီး။ (၉) သစ္ျမစ္။
Pali Roots Dictionary ဓါတ္အဘိဓာန္
ဘူ = ပတိ႒ာယံ-တည္ျခင္း၌။ မူလတိ။
စု = ေရာဟဏ လဝန ပဝေနသု-စိုက္ပ်ိဳးျဖစ္ေစျခင္း,ရိတ္ျဖတ္ျခင္း,ျဖဴစင္ေစျခင္းတို႔၌။ မူေလတိ၊ မူလယတိ။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
mūla:မူလ (န)
အျမစ္။ အရင္း။ အဖိုးအရင္း။ အဖိုး။ အေျခအျမစ္။ ေဆးျမစ္။
မူလေတာ၊ အရင္း၌။

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