Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Mānābharana:1.Mānābharana,Mānabhūsana. Nephew of Vijayabāhu I.His father was king of Pandu and his mother,Mittā,was Vijayabāhu’s sister.He had two brothers,Kittisirimegha and Sirivallabha.He married Ratanāvalī,daughter of Vijayabāhu (Cv.lix.42ff).When Vijayabāhu died,Jayabāhu I.became king and Mānābharana was made viceroy.When the rightful heir,Vikkamabāhu,rose in revolt,Mānābharana seized from him Rohana and Dakkhinadesa and lived in Punkhagāma,under the name of Vīrabāhu (Cv.lxi.21ff).He seems to have lived in constant conflict with Vikkamabāhu.Later,when he had already two daughters,Mittā and Pabhāvatī,he gave over the government to his ministers and retired from the world.But seven or eight months later he had a dream in the temple of Indra and hurried back to Punkhagāma because the dream presaged the birth of a mighty son.This son was Parakkamabāhu I.Cv.lxii.3ff.

2.Mānābharana.Son of Sirivallabha and Sugalā.Līlāvatī was his sister (Cv.lxii.2).He married Mittā,daughter of Mānābharana I.,and also her sister,Pabhāvatī,and by the latter he had a son,Kittisirimegha (Cv.lxiv.19,23,24).Mānābharana reigned in Rohana as an independent king (Cv.lxvii.95).When the throne was captured by Gajabāhu,Mānābharana tried several times to wrest it from him,but,failing in these attempts,made an alliance with Gajabāhu through the intervention of the monks; later,however,finding Parakkamabāhu growing in power,he went over to him (Cv.lxx.179ff).When Gajabāhu was captured and detained at Pulatthinagara,the soldiers started to pillage the city,despite the orders of Parakkamabāhu.The people were enraged and invited Mānābharana to come.On his arrival at Pulatthipura,he captured Gajabāhu and threw him into a dungeon,seized all the treasures,including the Tooth Relic and Alms bowl,and took counsel with his mother to kill Gajabāhu.On hearing of this,Parakkamabāhu sent his forces against Mānābharana and defeated the latter’s followers at various places.Mānābharana then fled to Rohana,taking with him some of the treasures (Cv.lxx.255ff).From there he again tried to ally himself with Gajabāhu; but the latter did not so desire,though his ministers were in favor of it.Relying on their support,Mānābharana advanced from Rohana.He was,however,severely defeated at Pūnagāma and other places and Parakkamabāhu’s forces assailed him from all sides.The campaign brought varying success to the opposing armies,and Mānābharana proved a skilful warrior.He was helped by various chieftains and fought bitterly and valiantly to the end (for details see Cv.lxxii.148 309),but,as he lay dying,he summoned his children and ministers and counseled them to join Parakkamabāhu.Even after his death his queen Sugalā encouraged intrigues against Parakkamabāhu .Cv.lxxiv.29ff.

3.Mānābharana. A general of Māgha,for whose coronation he was responsible.Cv.lxxx.73.

4.Mānābharana. A Damila chief,ally of Kulasekhara.Cv.lxxvi.146.

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