Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Lambakannā:A gotta,mentioned in the Chronicles as being among the inhabitants of Ceylon.The Lambakannas had,probably,certain duties to perform in connection with the consecration of a king.This was perhaps the reason why Parakkamabāhu I.gave them a prominent place in the ceremonies held in honour of the Tooth Relic (Cv.lxxiv.213); see also below,in the text.

We find that Ilanāga,when be went to take his ceremonial bath in Tissavāpi,was enraged on finding that the Lambakannā were not there.As a punishment,he ordered them to work at the remaking of a road along the bank of the tank,leading to the Mahā Thūpa,and set candalas to supervise them.Full of anger,the Lambakannas rose in revolt and seized the throne.Three years later the king returned from exile,and,having defeated the Lambakannas,made them drag his chariot in triumphal procession.When he proposed to behead them his mother intervened,and he contented himself with having their noses and toes cut off (Mhv.xxxv.18ff).

The Lambakannas were evidently a powerful clan,and several members of the clan ruled as kings of Ceylon - e.g.,Vasabha,Sanghatissa,Sanghabodhi and Gothābhaya,the last three of whom came from Mahiyangana and seized the throne from Vijayakumāra (Mhv.xxxvi.58ff).Between the reign of Kittisirimegha and the Coliyan conquest in 1017 A.C. i.e.,between the third and the eleventh centuries out of thirty six kings who occupied the throne of Ceylon the majority belonged to either the Moriyā or the Lambakannā.A clan of Lambakannas lived also in South India in the twelfth century.When Lankāpura,acting under the orders of Parakkamabāhu I.,crowned Vīrapandu as king of Pandu,three Lambakanna chiefs were asked to carry out ”the duties of the Lambakannas” (Lambakannadhuram) (Cv.lxxvii.27f).

The name may have had a totemistic origin,but according to some Singhalese Chronicles (E.g.,the Saddharmaratnākara and the Pārakumbā-Sirita) the Lambakannas of Ceylon were a branch of the Moriyas.They claimed descent from Sumitta - a prince of the Moriyan clan,who formed one of the escort that brought the Bodhi-tree from India - and Sumanā,a princess of the same race,who was at one time a nun,ordained under Sanghamīttā.According to these Chronicles most of the kings of Ceylon down to the time of Parakkamabāhu VI.were scions of this clan.

In Ceylon,the Lambakannas had settlements in Rohana.See,e.g.,AA.i.262.

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