Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

漢譯パーリ語辭典 黃秉榮譯
kumāra:m.[〃] 童子,兒童.f.kumārī 童女,少女.
パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
kumāra:m.[〃] 童子,児童.f.kumārī 童女,少女.
増補改訂パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
kumāra:m.[〃] 童子,児童.f.kumārī 童女,少女.kumāri- -bhūtā童女,少女.-vaṇṇa童女の姿
《巴漢詞典》Mahāñāṇo Bhikkhu編著
Kumāra,kumāraka,【陽】 男孩,年青人。~kīḷā,【陰】 男孩的娛樂。(p106)
Pali Word Grammar from Pali Myanmar Dictionary
kumāra: kumāra(pu)
[kumāra+a.kumāreti kīḷatīti kumāro.,ṭī.17.]
[ကုမာရ+အ။ ကုမာေရတိ ကီဠတီတိ ကုမာေရာ။ ဓာန္၊ဋီ။၁၇။]
Concise Pali-English Dictionary by A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera
kumāra:[m.] a boy; a youngster.
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Kumāra,[Vedic kumāra] a young boy,son Sn.685 sq.(kuhiṁ kumāro aham api daṭthukāmo:w.ref.to the child Gotama); Pv III,52; PvA.39,41 (=māṇava); daharo kumāro M.II,24,44.-- a son of (-°) rāja° PvA.163; khattiya°,brāhmaṇa° Bdhd 84; deva° J.III,392 yakkha° Bdhd 84.

--kīḷā the amusement of a boy J.I,137; --pañhā questions suitable for a boy Kh III,; --lakkhaṇa divination by means of a young male child (+kumāri°) D.I,9.(Page 221)
Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Kumāra:1.Kumāra-Kassapa Thera.-He was foremost among those who had the gift of varied and versatile discourse (cittakathikānam) (A.i.24).His mother was the daughter of a banker of Rājagaha,and she,having failed to obtain her parent’s consent to become a nun,married and,with her husband’s consent,joined the Order,not knowing that she was with child.When her condition was discovered her colleagues consultedDevadatta,who declared that she was no true nun.The Buddha,on being consulted,entrusted the matter to Upāli,who had it fully investigated byVisākhā and other residents ofSāvatthi,and he gave his finding in the assembly,in the presence of the king,that the nun was innocent.(For details see J.i.148; Upāli’s handling of the case won the Buddha’s special commendation,see,e.g.,AA.i.172).When the boy was born the king reared him,and the boy was ordained at the age of seven.The boy came to be called Kumāra,because he joined the Order so young and was of royal upbringing,and also because the Buddha,when sending him little delicacies such as fruit,referred to him as Kumāra Kassapa.

Once when Kumāra Kassapa was meditating in Andhavana,an anāgāmī Brahmā,who had been his companion in the time of Kassapa Buddha,appeared before him,and asked him fifteen questions which only the Buddha could answer.This led to the preaching of theVammika Sutta (M.i.143ff),and after dwelling on its teachings Kassapa became an arahant.(For Kumāra Kassapa’s story see J.i.147ff; AA.i.158f; ThagA.i.322f; MA.i.335f).

His mother,too,developed insight and attained to arahantship.It is said that she wept for twelve years because she could not be with Kassapa,and one day,seeing him in the street,as she ran towards him and fell,milk flowed from her breasts and wet her robe.Kassapa,realising that her great love was standing in the way of her attainments,spoke harshly to her that she might love him the less.The ruse succeeded and she became an arahant that very day (DhA.iii.147).

In the time of Padumuttara Buddha Kassapa was a learned brahmin,and having heard a monk ranked foremost in eloquence,he wished for a similar distinction and did many acts of piety towards that end.When the teachings of Kassapa Buddha were being forgotten,he,together with six others,entered the Order and lived a life of rigorous asceticism on the summit of a mountain.(Ap.ii.473f; the details of this story are given in DhA.ii.210-12; among Kassapa’s companions were also Pukkusāti,Dārucīriya,Dabba Mallaputta andSabhiya; see also UdA.80f).

Two verses of deep significance ascribed to Kumāra-Kassapa are found in the Theragāthā (vv.201.202).Although it is said that he was a very eloquent speaker,the examples given of his preaching are extremely scanty.The Anguttara Commentary (i.159) states that the Buddha gave him his title from the skilful way in which he argued with Pāyāsi,as related in the Pāyāsi Sutta; but this cannot be correct for,according toDhammapāla (VvA.297),the events of the Pāyāsi Sutta took place after the Buddha’s death.The Sutta,however,does justify Kassapa’s reputation.(For his praises see also MA.i.500f).

Kassapa’s upasampadā took place in his twentieth year.A doubt arose as to whether this was valid because,according to the rule,twenty years must be completed for upasampadā.The Buddha held that in reckoning the age the time spent in the mother’s womb could also be included.Vin.i.93; Sp.iv.867.

2.Kumāra-Kassapa.-A thera in Ceylon,at whose request was written the Dhammapadatthakathā.DhA.i.1; Gv.68.
Pali Viet Dictionary Bản dịch của ngài Bửu Chơn.
KUMĀRA:,--raka [m] đứa trẻ trai,còn thanh niên --kiḷā [f] đồ chơi của trẻ con
Pali Viet Abhidhamma Terms Từ điển các thuật ngữ Vô Tỷ Pháp của ngài Tịnh Sự, được chép từ phần ghi chú thuật ngữ trong các bản dịch của ngài.
kumāra:hoàng tử,cậu bé trai
Tipiṭaka Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary တိပိဋက-ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္
kumāra:ကုမာရ (ပု)
[ကုမာရ+အ။ ကုမာေရတိ ကီဠတီတိ ကုမာေရာ။ ဓာန္၊ဋီ။၁၇။]
(၁)(က) သူငယ္၊ သတို႔သား။ (ခ) မင္းသာ။ (၂) ခႏၵနတ္,ကဒဲနတ္,ကုမာရနတ္။
Pali Roots Dictionary ဓါတ္အဘိဓာန္
စု = ကီဠာယံ-ကစားျမဴးထူးျခင္း၌။ ကုမာေရတိ၊ ကုမာရယတိ။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
kumāra:ကုမာရ (ပ)
သူငယ္။ သတိုးသား။ မင္းသား။

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