Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

漢譯パーリ語辭典 黃秉榮譯
kasiṇa:a.n.[Sk.BSk.kṛtsna] 一切,遍,遍處.-āyatana 遍處.-parikamma 遍的準備定.
パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
kasiṇa:a.n.[Sk.BSk.kṛtsna] 一切,遍,遍処.-āyatana 遍処.-parikamma 遍の準備定.
増補改訂パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
kasiṇa:a.n.[Sk.BSk.kṛtsna] 一切,遍,遍処.-anuloma遍の顺。-anulomapaṭiloma遍の顺逆 。-āyatana 遍処.-ukkantika遍の超過。-ugghātimakāsa[ugghātima-ākāsa]遍除虚空。-kammaṭṭhānika遍業処者。-niddesa遍の解釈。-nimitta遍の相。-paṭiloma遍の逆。-parikamma 遍の準備定。-maṇḍala遍の輪,遍曼陀羅
《巴漢詞典》Mahāñāṇo Bhikkhu編著
Kasiṇa,【形】 全部,整個的。 【中】 (修禪的取相)器材。 ~parikamma,【中】 修器材禪的初步工作。 ~maṇḍala,【中】 器材圓碟。(p98)
《巴漢詞典》明法尊者增訂
Kasiṇa,(梵 Krsna),【形】全部,整個的(entirely or whole)。【中】(修禪的取相)遍。kasiṇaparikamma,【中】修遍禪的初步工作。kasiṇamaṇḍala,【中】修遍禪的圓碟。dasa kasiṇāyatanāni,十遍處(十一切處)。
Pali Word Grammar from Pali Myanmar Dictionary
kasiṇa: kasiṇa(ti)
ကသိဏ(တိ)
[kasa+ina.kasa gamane ino ṇattaṃ,kasiṇaṃ.,ṭī.7va2.]
[ကသ+ဣန။ ကသ ဂမေန ဣေနာ ဏတၱံ၊ ကသိဏံ။ ဓာန္၊ ဋီ။ ၇ဝ၂။]
Buddhist Dictionary by NYANATILOKA MAHATHERA
kasiṇa:(perhaps related to Sanskrit krtsna,'all,complete,whole'),is the name for a purely external device to produce and develop concentration of mind and attain the 4 absorptions (jhāna q.v.).It consists in concentrating one's full and undivided attention on one visible object as preparatory image (parikamma-nimitta),e.g.a colored spot or disc,or a piece of earth,or a pond at some distance,etc.,until at last one perceives,even with the eyes closed,a mental reflex,the acquired image (uggaha-nimitta).Now,while continuing to direct one's attention to this image,there may arise the spotless and immovable counter-image (paṭibhāga-nimitta),and together with it the neighbourhood-concentration (upacāra-samādhi) will have been reached.While still persevering in the concentration on the object,one finally will reach a state of mind where all sense-activity is suspended,where there is no more seeing and hearing,no more perception of bodily impression and feeling,i.e.the state of the 1st mental absorption (jhāna,q.v.).

The 10 kasiṇas mentioned in the Suttas are:earth-kasiṇa,water,fire,wind,blue,yellow,red,white,space,and consciousness."There are 10 kasiṇa-spheres:someone sees the earth kasiṇa,above,below,on all sides,undivided,unbounded ....someone see the water-kasiṇa,above,below,etc." (M.77; D.33) Cf.abhibhāyatanbhāvanā; further s.Fund.IV.

For space and consciousness-kasiṇa we find in Vis.M.V the names limited space-kasiṇa (paricchinnākāsa-kasiṇa; ...s.App.) and light-kasiṇa (āloka-kasiṇa).

For full description see Vis.M.IV-V; also Aṭṭhasālinī Tr.I,248.
Concise Pali-English Dictionary by A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera
kasiṇa:[adj.] whole; entire.(nt.),an object for meditation.
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Kasiṇa,2 [Deriv.uncertain] (nt.) one of the aids to kammaṭṭhāna the practice by means of which mystic meditation (bhāvanā,jhāna) may be attained.They are fully described at A.V,46 sq.,60; usually enumerated as ten [sāvakā dasa k° --āyatanāni bhāventi]; paṭhavī°,āpo°,tejo°,vāyo°,nīla°,pīta°,lohita°,odāta°,ākāsa°,viññāṇa°-that is,earth,water,fire,air; blue,yellow,red,white; space,intellection (or perhaps consciousness) M.II,14; D.III,268,290; Nett 89,112; Dhs.202; Ps.I,6,95; cp.Manual 49--52; Bdhd 4,90 sq.,95 sq.-- For the last two (ākāsa° and viññāṇa°) we find in later sources āloka° and (paricchinn’) ākāsa° Vism.110; cp.Dhs.trsl.43 n.4,57 n.2; Cpd.54,202.-- Eight (the above omitting the last two) are given at Ps.I,49,143,149.-- See further J.I,313; III,519; DhsA.186 sq.There are 14 manners of practising the kasiṇas (of which the first nine are:k°-ânulomaṁ; k°-paṭilomaṁ; k°-ânupaṭilomaṁ; jhānânulomaṁ; jh°paṭi°; jh°-ânupaṭi°; jh°-ukkantikaṁ; k° ukk°; jh°k°-ukk°) Vism.374; cp.Bdhd 5,101 sq.,104,152.‹-› Nine qualities or properties of (paṭhavi-) kasiṇa are enumd at Vism.117.-- Each k.is fivefold,according to uddhaṁ,adho,tiriyaṁ,advayaṁ,appamāṇaṁ; M.II,15,etc.-- kasiṇaṁ oloketi to fix one’s gaze on the particular kasiṇa chosen J.V,314; °ṁ samannāharati to concentrate one’s mind on the k.J.III,519.

--āyatana the base or object of a kasiṇa exercise (see above as 10 such objects) D.III,268; M.II,14; Ps.I,28,etc.; --ārammaṇa=°āyatana Vism.427 (three,viz.tejo°,odāta°,āloka°).--kamma the k.practice J.I,141; IV,306; V,162,193.--jhāna the k.meditation DhsA.413.--dosa fault of the k.object Vism.117,123 (the 4 faults of paṭhavī-kasiṇa being confusion of the 4 colours).--parikamma the preliminary,preparatory rites to the exercise of a kasiṇa meditation,such as preparing the frame,repeating the necessary formulas,etc.J.I,8,245; III,13,526; DhsA.187; --°ṁ katheti to give instructions in these preparations J.III,369; °ṁ karoti to perform the k-preparations J.IV,117; V,132,427; VI,68; --maṇḍala a board or stone or piece of ground divided by depressions to be used as a mechanical aid to jhāna exercise.In each division of the maṇḍala a sample of a kasiṇa was put.Several of these stone maṇḍalas have been found in the ruins at Anurādhapura.Cp.Cpd.54 f.202 f.J.III,501; DhA.IV,208.--samāpatti attainment in respect of the k.exercise Nd2 4668 (ten such).(Page 201)
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Kasiṇa,1 [Vedic kṛtsna] (adj.) entire,whole J.IV,111,112.(Page 201)
Pali Viet Dictionary Bản dịch của ngài Bửu Chơn.
KASIṆA:[a] trọn,toàn cả [nt] đề mục để tham thiền --parikamma [nt] đọc tên kasiṇa đề mục để tham thiền --maṇdala [f] vòng kasina để làm đề mục
Tipiṭaka Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary တိပိဋက-ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္
kasiṇa:ကသိဏ (တိ)
[ကသ+ဣန။ ကသ ဂမေန ဣေနာ ဏတၱံ၊ ကသိဏံ။ ဓာန္၊ ဋီ။ ၇ဝ၂။]
(၁) အလုံးစုံယူရေသာ အာ႐ုံ၊ ကသိုဏ္းအာ႐ုံ၊ ကသိုဏ္းဝန္း။မူရင္းၾကည့္ပါ။ ကသိဏာယတန-လည္းၾကည့္။ (က) ကသိုဏ္းဝန္း၌ ထင္ေသာ ဥဂဟနိမိတ္,ပဋိဘာဂနိမိတ္။ ပထဝီကသိဏ-လည္းၾကည့္။ (ခ) ကသိုဏ္းကို အာ႐ုံျပဳ၍ျဖစ္ေသာစ်ာန္။ ပထဝီကသိဏ-လည္းၾကည့္။ (တိ) (၂) အလုံးစုံ-အကုန္အစင္-ခပ္သိမ္း-အႂကြင္းမရွိ-ေသာ။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
kasiṇa:ကသိဏ (န)
အလံုးစံုပဋိဘာဂနိမိတ္။ ကသိုဏ္းဝန္း။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
kasiṇa:ကသိဏ (တိ)
အလံုးစံုေသာ။

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