Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

漢譯パーリ語辭典 黃秉榮譯
kappa:a.n.[Sk.kalpa] ① 已適合的,認容,淨法.-karaṇa 作淨(法).② 劫.mahākappa 大劫.asaṅkheyya-kappa 阿僧祇劫.kappaṃ adv.長時間.-ṭṭha 劫住.③ kappa樹,如意樹 = kappa-rukkha.
パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
kappa:a.n.[Sk.kalpa] ① 適せる,認容,浄法.-karaṇa 作浄.② 劫 mahākappa 大劫.asaṅkheyya-kappa 阿僧祇劫.kappaṃ adv.長い間.-ṭṭha 劫住.③ ヵッパ樹,如意樹 = kappa-rukkha.
巴利語匯解&巴利新音譯 瑪欣德尊者
kappa:劫, 劫波,劫跛,劫簸,羯臘波
《巴漢詞典》Mahāñāṇo Bhikkhu編著
Kappa,【形】 適當的, (在【合】中) 相似。(p94)
《巴漢詞典》Mahāñāṇo Bhikkhu編著
Kappa,【陽】 1.劫,世界周期,地質年。2.想。~ṭṭhāyī,~ṭṭhītika,【形】 住劫,持續一個世界周期。~rukkha,【陽】 劫樹,實現所有希望的天樹。~vināsa,【陽】 毀劫,世界的破壞。~vināsaka,【形】 耗劫,世界的消耗。(p94)
《巴漢詞典》明法尊者增訂
Kappa,【形】適當的,(在【合】中)相似。
《巴漢詞典》明法尊者增訂
Kappa,【形】【陽】【中】1.適當的(fitting,suitable,proper)。2.【中】馬套、圈套(a fitting,i.e.harness or trapping)。3.劫,世界周期,地質年。kappaṭṭhāyī,kappaṭṭhītika,【形】住劫,持續一個世界周期。kapparukkha,【陽】劫樹(一種天上的樹),實現所有希望的天樹。kappavināsa,【陽】毀劫,世界的破壞。kappavināsaka,【形】耗劫,世界的消耗。
Pali Word Grammar from Pali Myanmar Dictionary
kappa: kappa(ti)
ကပၸ(တိ)
[kappa+gatikā.kappaṃ gacchatīti kappagatā,sā eva kappagatikā.pā,yo.12va.]
[ကပၸ+ဂတိကာ။ ကပၸံ ဂစၧတီတိ ကပၸဂတာ၊ သာ ဧဝ ကပၸဂတိကာ။ ပါစိတ္၊ ေယာ။ ၁၂ဝ။]
Pali Word Grammar from Pali Myanmar Dictionary
kappa: kappa(pu)
ကပၸ(ပု)
[kappa+vināsa]
[ကပၸ+ဝိနာသ]
Pali Word Grammar from Pali Myanmar Dictionary
kappa: kappa(pu)
ကပၸ(ပု)
[kappa+a.kappasaddo panāyaṃ saupasaggo anupasaggo cāti adhippāyena okappaniyapade labbhamānaṃ kappasaddamattaṃ dasseti,aññathā kappapadaṃ anidassanameva siyā.saṃ,ṭī,1.43.]
[ကပၸ+အ။ ကပၸသေဒၵါ ပနာယံ သဥပသေဂၢါ အႏုပသေဂၢါ စာတိ အဓိပၸါေယန ဩကပၸနိယပေဒ လဗ႓မာနံ ကပၸသဒၵမတၱံ ဒေႆတိ၊ အညထာ ကပၸပဒံ အနိဒႆနေမဝ သိယာ။ သံ၊ ဋီ၊ ၁။ ၄၃။]
Buddhist Dictionary by NYANATILOKA MAHATHERA
kappa,(Sanskrit kalpa):'world-period',an inconceivably long space of time,an aeon.This again is subdivided into 4 sections:world-dissolution (saṃvaṭṭa-kappa) dissolving world),continuation of the chaos (saṃvaṭṭa-ṭṭhāyī),world-formation (vivaṭṭa -kappa),continuation of the formed world (vivaṭṭa-ṭṭhāyī).

"How long a world-dissolution will continue,how long the chaos,how long the formation,how long the continuation of the formed world,of these things; o monks,one hardly can say that it will be so many years,or so many centuries,or so many millennia,or so many hundred thousands of years" (A.IV,156)

A detailed description of the 4 world-periods is given in that stirring discourse on the all-embracing impermanence in A.VII,62.

The beautiful simile in S.XV,5 may be mentioned here:Suppose,o monks,there was a huge rock of one solid mass,one mile long,one mile wide,one mile high,without split or flaw.And at the end of every hundred years a man should come and rub against it once with a silken cloth.Then that huge rock would wear off and disappear quicker than a world-period.But of such world-periods,o monks,many have passed away,many hundreds,many thousands,many hundred thousands.And how is this possible? Inconceivable,o monks,is this saṃsāra (q.v.),not to be discovered is any first beginning of beings,who obstructed by ignorance and ensnared by craving,are hurrying and hastening through this round of rebirths."

Compare here Grimm's German fairy-tale of the little shepherdboy:'In Farther Pommerania there is the diamond-mountain,one hour high,one hour wide,one hour deep.There every hundred years a little bird comes and whets its little beak on it.And when the whole mountain is ground off,then the first second of eternity has passed."
Concise Pali-English Dictionary by A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera
kappa:[m.] 1.a world cycle; an aeon; 2.thought.(adj.),suitable; proper; resembling.(in cpds.).
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Kappa,(adj.n.) [Sk.kalpa,see kappeti for etym.& formation] anything made with a definite object in view,prepared,arranged; or that which is fit,suitable,proper.See also DA.I,103 & KhA 115 for var.meanings.--I Literal Meaning.-- 1.(adj.) fitting,suitable,proper (cp.°tā) (=kappiya) in kappâkappesu kusalo Th.1,251,°kovido Mhvs 15,16; Sn.911; as juice Miln.161.‹-› (-°) made as,like,resembling Vin.I,290 (ahata°); Sn.35 (khaggavisāṇa°); hetu° acting as cause to Sn.16; Miln.105; --a° incomparable Mhvs 14,65; -- 2.(nt.) a fitting,i.e.harness or trapping (cp.kappana) Vv 209 (VvA.104); -- a small black dot or smudge (kappabindu) imprinted on a new robe to make it lawful Vin.I,255; IV,227,286:also fig.a making-up (of a trick):lesa° DA.I,103; VvA.348.-- II.Applied Meaning.‹-› 1.(qualitative) ordinance,precept,rule; practice,manner Vin.II,294,301 (:kappati singiloṇa-kappo “fit is the rule concerning ...”); cp.Mhvs 4,9; one of the chalaṅga,the 6 disciplines of Vedic interpretation,VvA.265; -- 2.(temporal) a “fixed” time,time with ref.to individual and cosmic life.As āyu at DA.I,103 (cp.kappaṁ); as a cycle of time=saṁsāra at Sn.521,535,860 (na eti kappaṁ); as a measure of time:an age of the world Vin.III,109; Miln.108; Sdhp.256,257; PvA.21; It.17=Bdhd 87=S.II,185.There are 3 principal cycles or aeons:mahā°,asaṅkheyya°,antara°; each mahā° consists of 4 asaṅkheyya-kappas,viz.saṁvaṭṭa° saṁvaṭṭaṭṭhāyi° vivaṭṭa° vivaṭṭaṭṭhāyi° A.II,142; often abbreviated to saṁvaṭṭa-vivaṭṭa° D.I,14; It.15; freq.in formula ekampijātiṁ,etc.Vin.III,4=D.III,51,111= It.99.On pubbanta° & aparanta°,past & future kappas see D.I,12 sq.paṭhama-kappe at the beginning of the world,once upon a time (cp.atīte) J.I,207.When kappa stands by itself,a Mahā-kappa is understood:DA.I,162.A whole,complete kappa is designated by kevala° Sn.pp.18=46~125; Sn.517; also dīgha° S.II,181; Sdhp.257.For similes as to the enormous length of a kappa see S.II,181 & DA.I,164=PvA.254.-- Acc.kappaṁ adv.:for a long time D.II,103=115= Ud.62,quot.at DA.I,103; Vin.II,198; It.17; Miln.108; mayi āyukappaṁ J.I,119,cp.Miln.141.Cp.saṅkappa.

--âtīta one who has gone beyond time,an Arahant Sn.373.--âvasesaṁ (Acc.) for the rest of the kappa,in kappaṁ vā k-âvasesaṁ vā D.II,117=A.IV,309=Ud.62; Miln.140:--āyuka (one) whose life extends over a kappa Mhvs.V,87; --uṭṭhāna arising at or belonging to the (end of a) kappa:--aggi the fire which destroys the Universe J.II,397; III,185; IV,498; V,336; VI,554; Vism.304; --kāla the time of the end of the world J.V,244; --uṭṭhāna (by itself) the end of the world J.I,4=Vism.415; --kata on which a kappa,i.e.smudge,has been made,ref.to the cīvara of a bhikkhu (see above) Vin.I,255; IV,227,286; DA.I,103; --(ñ)jaha (one) who has left time behind,free from saṁsāra,an Arahant Sn.1101 (but expld at Nd2 s.v.,see also DA.I,103,as free from dve kappā:diṭṭhi° taṇha°).--jāla the consumption of the kappa by fire,the end of a kappa Dpvs.I,61.--ṭṭha staying there for a kappa,i.e.in purgatory in āpāyiko nerayiko + atekiccho,said of Devadatta Vin.II,202,206; A.III,402 ~IV.160; It.11~85.--ṭṭhāyin lasting a whole cycle,of a vimāna Th.1,1190.--ṭṭhika enduring for an aeon:kibbisa (of Devadatta) Vin.II,198=204; (cp.Vin.Texts III,254) sālarukkha J.V,416; see also ṭhitakappiṁ Pug.13.--ṭṭhitika id.DhA.I,50 (vera); Miln.108 (kammaṁ).(“sabbe pi magga-samaṅgino puggalā ṭhita-kappino.”) --ṭṭhiya-=prec.A.V,75; J.I,172,213; V,33; Miln.109,214.°rukkha the tree that lasts for a kappa,ref.to the cittapāṭalī,the pied trumpet-tree in the abode of the Asuras J.I,202; --nibbatta originated at the beginning of the k.(appl.to the flames of purgatory) J.V,272; --parivaṭṭa the evolution of a k; the end of the world Dpvs.I,59; --pādapa=°rukkha Mhbv 2; --rukkha a wishing tree,magical tree,fulfilling all wishes; sometimes fig.J.VI,117,594; Vism.206; PvA.75,176,121; VvA.32 (where combd with cintāmaṇi); DhA.IV,208; --latā a creeper like the kapparukkha VvA.12; --vināsaka (scil.aggi):the fire consuming the world at the end of a k.Vism.414 sq.; (mahāmegho) DhA.III,362; --samaṇa an ascetic Acc.to precepts,an earnest ascetic J.VI,60 (cp.samaṇa-kappa); --halāhala “the k-uproar,” the uproar near the end of a kalpa J.I,47.(Page 187)
Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Kappa:1.Kappa.-One of Bāvarī’s disciples.The questions he asked of the Buddha are recorded in the Kappamānavapucchā (q.v.).He became an arahant.Sn.vv.1007,1092-5; SnA.ii.597.

2.Kappa Thera.-An arahant.He was the son of a provincial governor in Magadha and was addicted to self-indulgence.The Buddha,seeing him in his net of wisdom,visited him and admonished him,speaking to him of the filthy nature of the body,illustrating his sermon with a wealth of simile and metaphor.Kappa was greatly impressed and joined the Order.He became an arahant,as his head was being shaved.In the time of the Buddha Siddhattha he was a rich householder,and offered at the Buddha’s shrine a kapparukkha containing objects of great value.Wherever he was born celestial trees grew outside his door.Seven kappas ago he was eight times king under the name of Sucela (Thag.567-76; ThagA.i.521ff).He is probably identical with Kapparukkhiya of the Apadāna.Ap.i.91.

3.Kappa.-In the Samyutta Nikāya (S.iii.169f) two suttas are connected with a monk called Kappa,who is probably identical with Kappa (2).In both suttas he asks the Buddha how it is possible to cultivate knowledge and thought so as to be free from thoughts of ”I” and ”mine” with regard to the body.The same questions,receiving the same answers,are elsewhere attributed to Rāhula.S.ii.253f.

4.Kappa.-A young brahmin (Kappakamāra) who was the Bodhisatta.He later became a sage and the disciple and friend of Kesava.For his story see the Kesava Jātaka (J.iii.142ff).The story is also referred to in the Bakabrahma Jātaka (J.iii.361; DhA.i.342f),and mentioned in the Samyutta Nikaya (S.i.144; SA.i.164; MA.i.555),where Bakabrahma is identified with Kappa’s teacher,Kesava.v.l.Kappaka.

5.Kappa.-See Nigrodha-Kappa.
Pali Viet Dictionary Bản dịch của ngài Bửu Chơn.
KAPPA:[a] thuận tiện,tiện lợi,giống nhau --ka [a] người thợ cạo râu tóc,quan cận thần,tự vệ --ṭa [m] vải cũ rách,y phục rách rưới
Pali Viet Dictionary Bản dịch của ngài Bửu Chơn.
KAPPA:[m] một thế hệ của vũ trụ,một tăng kỳ,tư tưởng --ṭṭhāyī --ṭṭhilika [a] lâu một tăng kỳ --rukkha [m] cây như ý (làm cho ước nguyện thành tựu) --vināsa [m] tiêu hoại của một a-tăng-kỳ --vināsaka [a] lửa tàn phá vũ trụ
Pali Viet Abhidhamma Terms Từ điển các thuật ngữ Vô Tỷ Pháp của ngài Tịnh Sự, được chép từ phần ghi chú thuật ngữ trong các bản dịch của ngài.
kappa:kiếp,thời gian dài,dịp,cơ hội
Tipiṭaka Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary တိပိဋက-ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္
kappa:ကပၸ(ပု)
[ကပၸ+အ။ ကပၸသေဒၵါ ပနာယံ သဥပသေဂၢါ အႏုပသေဂၢါ စာတိ အဓိပၸါေယန ဩကပၸနိယပေဒ လဗ႓မာနံ ကပၸသဒၵမတၱံ ဒေႆတိ၊ အညထာ ကပၸပဒံ အနိဒႆနေမဝ သိယာ။ သံ၊ ဋီ၊ ၁။ ၄၃။]
(၁) ၾကံစည္ျခင္း၊ ဝိတက္။ (၂) တဏွာ,ဒိ႒ိ။ (၃) စီရင္ျခင္း။ (၄) (က) ကပၸေထရ္။ (ခ) ကပၸလုလင္။ (၅) ၾကံဆသူ (ရေသ့)။ (၆) အခ်ိန္ကာလ။ (၇) ရဟန္းတို႔၏ ကပၸိျခင္း (သမဏေဝါဟာရ)။ (၈) ထက္ဝန္းက်င္။ (၉) ပဒပူရဏ၊ ျဖည့္ပုဒ္။ (၁ဝ) ယုံၾကည္ျခင္း။ (၁၁) ျဖတ္ျခင္း။ (၁၂) ယွဉ္ျခင္း၊ ကပ္ေရာက္ျခင္း။ (၁၃) ကပၸဗိႏၵဳ၊ ကပၸဗိႏၵဳထိုးျခင္း (ဝိနည္းကံ)။ (၁၄) အႁမြက္၊ အေၾကာင္းမဟုတ္ပဲ အေၾကာင္းျပစရာအနည္းငယ္ တစ္စုံတစ္ခု။ (ယိုးမယ္ဖြဲ႕ျခင္း)။ (၁၅) တစ္မ်ိဳးတစ္ဖုံ ၾကံဆျခင္း၊ အဓိပၸါယ္ တစ္မ်ိဳး ေကာက္ယူျခင္း။ (၁၆) အပ္စပ္ေသာပစၥည္း။ (၁၇) ကပၸက်မ္း၊ ယဇ္ပူေဇာ္ျခင္း အစီအရင္ကို ၫႊန္ျပေသာ က်မ္း။ (၁၈) သြားျခင္းစေသာ ဟန္ပန္အမူအရာ။ (၁၉) အခြင့္၊ အမိန္႔။ (၂ဝ) ပ်က္စီးေစလိုျခင္း၊ ညႇဉ္းဆဲလိုျခင္း။ (၂၁) ယုဂ္ (ေဗဒင္သုံး 'သကၠရာဇ္'တစ္မ်ိဳး)။ (၂၂) အသက္ အပိုင္း အျခား၊ အာယုကပ္၊ သက္တမ္း။ (၂၃) အႏၲရကပ္။ (၂၄) အသေခၤ်ယ်ကပ္။ (၂၅) မဟာကပ္။ (၂၆) ကပ္၊ ကမ႓ာ။ (၂၇) အကိုင္းအခက္။ (တိ) (၂၈) အတူ။ (၂၉) စဉ္းငယ္ ယုတ္ေလ်ာ့ေသာ။ မူရင္းၾကည့္ပါ။
Tipiṭaka Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary တိပိဋက-ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္
kappa:ကပၸ(ပု)
[ကပၸ+ဝိနာသ]
ကမ႓ာပ်က္ျခင္း။
Tipiṭaka Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary တိပိဋက-ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္
kappa:ကပၸ(တိ)
[ကပၸ+ဂတိကာ။ ကပၸံ ဂစၧတီတိ ကပၸဂတာ၊ သာ ဧဝ ကပၸဂတိကာ။ ပါစိတ္၊ ေယာ။ ၁၂ဝ။]
အပ္သည္၏အျဖစ္သို႔ ေရာက္ၿပီးေသာ၊ ရဟန္းျပဳေပးေကာင္းေသာ၊ သူ။ (တိတၳိတို႔ထံ ရွင္ျပဳဖူးေသာ မိန္းမ၊ အျခားေသာ ဘိကၡဳနီတို႔ထံ ရွင္ျပဳဖူးေသာ မိန္းမ)။
Pali Roots Dictionary ဓါတ္အဘိဓာန္
kappa:ကပၸ
ဘူ = သတၱိယံ-စြမ္းႏိုင္ျခင္း၌။ ကပၸတိ။
စု = ဝိတကၠ ဝိဓိ ေဆဒေနသု-ၾကံစည္ျခင္း,ျပဳစီရင္ျခင္း,ျဖတ္ျခင္းတို႔၌။ ကေပၸတိ၊ ကပၸယတိ။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
kappa:ကပၸ (ပ)
ကႀကိဳးတန္ဆာ။ ကပၸဗိႏၵဳ။ နည္း။ ယဇ္ပူေဇာ္နည္းကို ျပေသာ က်မ္း။ အပိုင္းအျခား။ ကာလအပိုင္းအျခား။ အာယုကပ္။ ကမ႓ာ။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
kappa:ကပၸ (တိ) (√ကပၸ္+အ)
သင့္ေလ်ာ္သည္။ စြမ္းႏိုင္သည္။
ကပၸံ၊ အာယုကပ္ပတ္လံုး။ ကပၸံ ကတြာ၊ ကပၸဗိႏၵဳထိုး၍။ ခဂၢဝိသာဏကပၸ၊ ၾကံ႕ခ်ိဳႏွင့္ တူေသာ။

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