Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Kanha,(adj.) [cp.Vedic kṛṣṇa,Lith.kérszas] dark,black,as attr.of darkness,opposed to light,syn.with kāḷa (q.v.for etym.); opp.sukka.In general it is hard to separate the lit.and fig.meanings,an ethical implication is to be found in nearly all cases (except 1.).The contrast with sukka (brightness) goes through all applications,with ref.to light as well as quality.I.Of the sense of sight:k-sukka dark & bright (about black & white see nīla & seta),forming one system of coloursensations (the colourless,as distinguished from the red-green and yellow-blue systems).As such enumd in connection with quasi definition of vision,together with nīla,pīta,lohita,mañjeṭṭha at D.II,328=M.I,509 sq.=II.201 (see also mañjeṭṭha).-- II.(objective).1.of dark (black),poisonous snakes:kaṇhā (f.) J.II,215 (=kāḷa-sappa C); °sappa J.I,336; III,269,347; V,446; Vism.664 (in simile); Miln.149; PvA.62; °sīsā with black heads A.III,241 (kimī).-- 2.of (an abundance of) smooth,dark (=shiny) hair (cp.in meaning E.gloom:gloss=black:shiny),as Ep.of King Vasudeva Pv.II,61,syn.with Kesavā (the Hairy,cp.*)apoλlwn *ou)laίos Samson,etc.,see also siniddha-,nīla-,kāla-kesa).sukaṇha-sīsa with very dark hair J.V,205,also as sukaṇha-kaṇha-sīsa J.V,202 (cp.susukāḷa).°jaṭi an ascetic with dark & glossy hair J.VI,507,cp.V.205 sukaṇhajaṭila.°añjana glossy polish J.V,155 (expld as sukhumakaṇha-lom’ācitattā).-- 3.of the black trail of fire in °vattanin (cp.Vedic kṛṣṇa-vartaniṁ agniṁ R.V.VIII,23,19) S.I,69=J.III,140 (cp.III,9); J.V,63.‹-› 4.of the black (fertile) soil of Avanti “kaṇh-uttara” black on the surface Vin.I,195.-- III,(Applied).1.°pakkha the dark (moonless) half of the month,during which the spirits of the departed suffer and the powers of darkness prevail PvA.135,cp.Pv III,64,see also pakkha1 3.-- 2.attr.of all dark powers and anything belonging to their sphere,e.g.of Māra Sn.355,439 (=Namuci); of demons,goblins (pisācā) D.I,93 with ref.to the “black-born” ancestor of the Kaṇhāyanas (cp.Dh.I,263 kāḷa-vaṇṇa),cp.also kāḷa in °sunakha,the Dog of Purgatory PvA.152.-- 3.of a dark,i.e.miserable,unfortunate birth,or social condition D.III,81 sq.(brāhmano va sukko vaṇṇo,kaṇho añño vaṇṇo).°abhijāti a special species of men according to the doctrine of Gosāla DA.I,162; A.III,383 sq.°abhijātika “of black birth,” of low social grade D.III,251=A.III,384; Sn.563; cp.Th.1,833 and J.P.T.S.1893,11; in the sense of “evil disposition” at J.V,87 (expld as kāḷaka-sabhāva).-- 4.of dark,evil actions or qualities:°dhamma A.V,232=Dh.87; D.III,82; Sn.967; Pug.30; Miln.200,337; °paṭipadā J.I,105,and °magga the evil way A.V,244,278; °bhāvakara causing a low (re-)birth J.IV,9 (+ pāpa-kammāni),and in same context as dhamma combd with °sukka at A.IV,33; Sn.526 (where kaṇhā° for kaṇha°):Miln.37; °kamma “black action” M.I,39; °vipāka black result,4 kinds of actions and 4 results,viz.kaṇha° sukka° kaṇha-sukka° akaṇha-asukka° D III,230=M.I,389 sq.=A.II,230 sq.; Nett 232.akaṇha 1.not dark,i.e.light,in °netta with bright eyes,Ep.of King Pingala-netta J.II,242 in contrast with Māra (although pingala-cakkhu is also Ep.of Māra or his representatives,cp.J.V,42; Pv.II,41).-- 2.not evil,i.e.good A.II,230,231.--atikaṇha very dark Vin.IV,7; sukaṇha id.see above II.2.(Page 180)
Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Kanha:1.Kanhā.-Daughter of the king of Kosala.Before she was born,Brahmadatta,king of Benares,killed her father and carried off her mother.When the child was born,Brahmadatta adopted her as his own daughter; she is,therefore,called dvepitikā (=having two fathers).The king promised to grant her a boon,and she held a svayamvara,at which she chose as her husbands all the five sons of King Pandu; Ajjuna,Bhīma,Nakula,Yuddhitthila,and Sahadeva.According to the Mahābhārata,Draupadī,daughter of the Pañcāla king,was the wife of these five princes.

By her strong passions she won the love of them all.Not satisfied with them,she also made love to a hump-backed slave who was in her service.One day,when she was sick,all her husbands were gathered round her,and she made signs to each of them to show that she loved him best.Ajjuna,however,was suspicious,and by questioning the hump-back,learnt the truth.The five brothers left her and retired to the Himalaya,where they became ascetics.The story was related by Kunāla,who is identified with Ajjuna.


2.Kanhā.-See Kanhājinā.
Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Kanha:1.Kanha.-A name for Māra.E.g.,Sn.v.355; M.i.377; D.ii.262; Thag.v.1189.

2.Kanha.-The name of the Bodhisatta; he was born in a brahmin family and later became a sage.He is also called Kanha-tāpasa,and is mentioned among those the memory of whose lives caused the Buddha to smile.See Kanha Jātaka (2).DhsA.294,426.

3.Kanha.-Another name of Vāsudeva (J.iv.84,86; vi.421; PvA.94ff ); the scholiast explains that he belonged to the Kanhāyanagotta.

4.Kanha.-Son of Disā,a slave girl of Okkāka.He was called Kanha because he was black and,like a devil (kanha),spoke as soon as he was born.He was the ancestor of theKanhāyanagotta (D.i.93).Later he went into the Dekkhan and,having learnt mystic verses,became a mighty seer.Coming back to Okkāka,Kanha demanded the hand of the king’s daughter Maddarūpī.At first the request was indignantly refused,but when Kanha displayed his supernatural powers he gained the princess.D.i.96f.; DA.i.266.

5.Kanha.-A Pacceka Buddha,mentioned in the Isigili Sutta.M.iii.71.

6.Kanha.-A dog.See Mahā-Kanha.

7.Kanha.-See Kanhadīpāyana.

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