Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

漢譯パーリ語辭典 黃秉榮譯
Kāsi:f.[Sk.Kāśi] 迦屍 [十六大國之一,首都 Bārāṇasī(波羅奈)].
パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
Kāsi:f.[Sk.Kāśi] 迦尸,ヵーシ [十六大国の一,首都は Bārāṇasī].
巴利語匯解&巴利新音譯 瑪欣德尊者
Kāsi:(古國名)咖西, (古音譯:)迦屍,伽屍,伽奢,伽翅
《巴漢詞典》Mahāñāṇo Bhikkhu編著
Kāsi,【陽】 迦屍(國名,首都是巴那拉斯市 (Benares))。kāsika,【形】 屬於迦屍的,迦屍制造的。(p101)
《巴漢詞典》明法尊者增訂
Kāsi,(梵Kāwi光的城市),【陽】迦屍(國名,迦屍國為佛世時印度十六大國之一。位於憍薩羅國之北,其都城婆羅木奈斯(Bārāṇasī)即今之瓦拉那西市(Varanasi),系佛教與婆羅門教之聖地)。kāsika,【形】迦屍的,迦屍制造的。
Pali Word Grammar from Pali Myanmar Dictionary
kāsi: kāsi(pu)
ကာသိ(ပု)
[kāsa+i.kāsi-saddākāsiç kāsijana ahonitea bahusā neeiea.nīti,pada.271.,ṭī.185.]
[ကာသ+ဣ။ ကာသိ-သဒၵါသည္ကာသိတိုင္း,ကာသိဇနပုဒ္ အနက္ေဟာ၌ ဗဟုဝုစ္ျဖင့္သာ ေန၏။ နီတိ၊ ပဒ။ ၂၇၁။ ဓာန္၊ ဋီ။ ၁၈၅။]
Concise Pali-English Dictionary by A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera
kāsi,(m.),name of a country (the capital of which was Benares).
Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Kāsi:1.Kāsi (Kāsika).-One of the sixteenMahājanapadas (A.i.213,etc.),its capital being Bārānasī.

At the time of the Buddha,it had been absorbed into the kingdom of Kosala,andPasenadi was king of both countries (D.i.288; M.ii.111).The Mahāvagga (Vin.i.28l),however,mentions a Kāsika-rājā (king of Kāsi?) who sent a robe to Jīvaka.Buddhaghosa (see Vinaya Texts ii.195,n.2) says that this was a brother of Pasenadi and son of the same father.He was probably a sub-king of Pasenadi.Pasenadi’s father,Mahākosala,on giving his daughter in marriage to Bimbisāra,allotted her a village of Kāsi (Kāsigāma) as bath money (J.iv.342; J.ii.403; SA.i.110,120f,etc.).

Even at this time,however,the memory of Kāsi as an independent kingdom seems to have been still fresh in men’s minds.It is very frequently mentioned as such in the Jātakas and elsewhere.Kāsi was once ruled by theBhāratas,one of whom,Dhatarattha,was its king in the time ofRenu (D.ii.235f).There seem to have been frequent wars between the countries of Kāsi and Kosala,victory belonging now to one,now to the other.In one such war,Dīghāti,the Kosala king,was defeated by the king of Kāsi,but Dīghīti’s son Dīghāvu won back the kingdom (Vin.i.334; J.iii.487; DhA.i.46).In another war the Kāsi king,Mahāsīlava,was taken captive by the ruler of Kosala,but his kingdom was later restored to him (J.i.262,etc.; see also i.409; UdA.123).

The traditional name of the king of Kāsi from time immemorial was evidentlyBrahmadatta,and references to kings of that name abound in the Jātakas.Sometimes the king is referred to merely as Kāsi-rājā.Among other kings of Kāsi mentioned are Kikī (M.ii.49) and Kalābu (J.iii.39).The extent of the Kāsi kingdom is given as three hundred leagues (J.v.41; also iii.304,391).

The capital of Kāsi is generally given as Bārānasī,but it is said that when Asoka was king of Kāsi his capital was in Potali (J.iii.155),and another king,Udaya-bhadda,had his seat of government in Surundha (J.iv.104ff).It is possible that these cities did not form part of the regular kingdom of Kāsi,but became annexed to it during the reigns of some of the more powerful kings.

Kāsi was evidently a great centre of trade and a most populous and prosperous country.Frequent mention is made of caravans leaving Kāsi to travel for trade.One highway went through Kāsi to Rājagaha (Vin.i.212) and another to Sāvatthi (Vin.ii.10; Mhv.v.114).Kāsi was famed for her silks,and Kāsi-robes were most highly esteemed as gifts,each robe being valued at one hundred thousand.(See,e.g.,J.vi.151,450; see also Addhakāsi).Mention is also made of the perfumes of Kāsi (Kāsi-vilepana (J.i.355) and Kāsi-candana (A.iii.391; UdA.332)).

Besides those already referred to,other names of places mentioned in literature as belonging to Kāsi,are Vāsabhagāma,Macchikāsanda (the kammantagāma of Anāthapindika),Kītāgiri and Dhammapālagāma.

Kāsi and Kosala are frequently mentioned together.(E.g.,A.v.59).

2.Kāsi,or Kāsika.-A city,the birthplace of Phussa Buddha (Bu.xix.14; J.i.41).There he preached the Buddhavamsa (BuA.193).The city is probably to be identified with Benares,which is sometimes referred to as Kāsipura (E.g.,DhA.i.71; J.v.54; vi.165; M.i.171; DhsA.35; Cv.xli.37).It is also called Kāsipurī (PvA.19).
Pali Viet Dictionary Bản dịch của ngài Bửu Chơn.
KĀSI:[m] tên một xứ (đô thị nó là Benares)
Tipiṭaka Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary တိပိဋက-ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္
kāsi:ကာသိ (ပု)
[ကာသ+ဣ။ ကာသိ-သဒၵါသည္ကာသိတိုင္း,ကာသိဇနပုဒ္ အနက္ေဟာ၌ ဗဟုဝုစ္ျဖင့္သာ ေန၏။ နီတိ၊ ပဒ။ ၂၇၁။ ဓာန္၊ ဋီ။ ၁၈၅။]
(၁) ကာသိတိုင္း၊ ကာသိဇနပုဒ္။ (၂) တေထာင္။ (တိ) (၃) ကာသိတိုင္း၌-ျဖစ္-ေန-ေသာ၊ သူ။ မူရင္းၾကည့္ပါ။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
kāsi:ကာသိ (ပ) (√ကာသ္+ဣ)
ကာသိတိုင္း။ တစ္ေထာင္။

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