Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

漢譯パーリ語辭典 黃秉榮譯
gandha:① m.[〃] 香,芳香,薫香,香料.-kuṭī 香室,香房,佛的居室.-odaka香水.-gandha 香香.-jāta 香種,香的種類.-tthena 香盜人(盜香者).-pañcaṅgulika 五指香印.-bhoga 香樂.② [= gantha ②] 典籍,書籍.-dhura 聖典研究.-vaṃsa 書史.
パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
gandha:① m.[〃] 香,芳香,薫香,香料.-kuṭī 香室,香房,仏の居室.-odaka香水.-gandha香香.-jāta 香種,香の種類.-tthena 香盗人.-pañcaṅgulika 五指香印.-bhoga 香楽.② [=gantha②] 典籍,書籍.-dhura 聖典研究.-vaṃsa 書史.
増補改訂パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
gandha:① m.[〃] 香,芳香,薫香,香料.-āpaṇa香店.-āyatana香処.-upahāra香持现.-odaka香水.-kathā香论.-karaṇḍaka香箱,香合.-kuṭī 香室,香房,仏の居室.-gandha香香.-jāta 香種,香の種類.-taṇhā香爱.-thūpa香塔.-tthena 香盗人.-dhātu香界.-pañcaṅgulika 五指香印.-bhoga 香楽.-rasa香味.-vilepana涂香.-sañcetanā香思.-saññā香想.② [=gantha②] 典籍,書籍.-dhura 聖典研究.-vaṃsa 書史
《巴漢詞典》Mahāñāṇo Bhikkhu編著
Gandha,【陽】 香,氣味,味道。 ~karaṇḍaka,【陽】 香水箱。 ~kuṭi,【陰】香室,佛陀的小屋。 ~cuṇṇa,【中】 香粉。 ~jāta,【中】 一種香。 ~tela,【中】 香油。 ~pañcaṅgulika,【中】 香五指印。 ~sāra,【陽】 檀香樹。~āpaṇa,【陽】 香料。(p116)
Gandha,【陽】薰香,氣味,味道。gandhakaraṇḍaka,【陽】香水箱。gandhakuṭi,【陰】香室(佛陀的寮房)。gandhacuṇṇa,【中】香粉。gandhajāta,【中】一種香。gandhatela,【中】香油。gandhapañcaṅgulika,【中】香五指印。gandhasāra,【陽】檀香樹。gandhāpaṇa,【陽】香料。gandhika﹐【陽】香料商人(dealer in perfume)。
gandha: 氣味(香)
Pali Word Grammar from Pali Myanmar Dictionary
[gantha+a.gandhayantīti gandhā,attano vatthuṃ sūcentīti attho.paṭisaṃ,ṭṭha,1.74.cūḷani,ṭṭha.66.abhi,ṭṭha,2.42.vibhāvinī.129.hiṃsate abhilasīyate vā gandho.,ṭī.94.]
[ဂႏၴ+အ။ ဂႏၶယႏၲီတိ ဂႏၶာ၊ အတၱေနာ ဝတၳဳံ သူေစႏၲီတိ အေတၳာ။ ပဋိသံ၊ ႒၊၁။၇၄။စူဠနိ၊႒။၆၆။ အဘိ၊႒၊၂။၄၂။ ဝိဘာဝိနီ။ ၁၂၉။ ဟႎသေတ အဘိလသီယေတ ဝါ ဂေႏၶာ။ ဓာန္၊ဋီ။၉၄။]
Concise Pali-English Dictionary by A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera
gandha:[m.] odour; smell; scent.
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Gandha,[Vedic gandha,from ghrā ghrāti to smell,ghrāna smell,& see P.ghāna.Possibly conn.w.Lat.fragro= E.fragrant] smell,viz.-1.odour,smell,scent in Gen.J.III,189; Dh.54--56=Miln.333; Dhs.605 under ghānâyatanāni); āma° smell of raw flesh A.I,280; D.II,242; Sn.241 sq; maccha° the scent of fish J.III,52; muttakarīsa° the smell of fæces and urine A.III,158; catujāti° four kinds of scent J.I,265; PvA.127; dibba-g°puppha a flower of heavenly odour J.I,289.-- 2.odour,smell in particular:enumerated as mūla°,sāra°,puppha°,etc.,S.III,156=V.44=A.V,22; Dhs.625 (under ghandāyatanāni,sphere of odours).Specified as māla°,sāra°,puppha° under tīṇi gandhajātāni A.I,225; -- puppha° Dh.54=A.I,226.-- 3.smell as olfactory sensation,belonging to the sphere (āyatanāni) of sense-impressions and sensory objects & enum.in set of the 12 ajjhatta-bāhirāni āyatanāni (see under rūpa) with ghānena gandhaṁ ghāyitvā “sensing smell by means of the olfactory organ” D.III,102; 244=250= 269=Nd2 on rūpa; M.III,55,267; S.IV,71; Vin.I,35; Defined at Vism.447.Also as gandhā ghānaviññeyya under kāmaguṇā M.II,42; D.III,234,etc.In series of 10 attributes of physical quality (-rūpa,etc.) as characteristic of devas D.III,146; Pv.II,958; as sāra°,pheggu°,taca°,etc.(nine qualities in all) in definition of Gandhabba-kāyikā devā S.III,250 sq.-- In the same sense & similar connections:vaṇṇa-g°-ras’ûpeto Dh.49; J.II,106; gandhānaṁ khamo & akkhamo (of king’s elephant) A.III,158 sq.; itthi°,purisa° A.I,1,2; III,68; in combn w.other four senses Sn.387,759,974.‹-› 4.perfume,prepared odorific substance used as a toilet requisite,either in form of an unguent or a powder.Abstinence from the use of kallæsthetics is stated in the Sīlas (D.I,8) as characteristic of certain Wanderers and Brahmins.Here gandha is mentioned together with mālā (flowers,garlands):D.I,5=Kh II; D.I,7 (°kathā); Vin.II,123; Sn.401; J.I,50,291; PvA.62.The use of scented ointment (-vilepana & ālepa,see cpds.) is allowed to the Buddhist bhikkhus (Vin.I,206); and the giving of this,together with other commodities,is included in the second part of the deyyadhamma (the list of meritorious gifts to the Saṅgha),under Nos.5--14 (anna-pāna-vattha-yānamālā-gandhā-vilepana-seyy-âvasatha-padīpeyya):S.III,252; Nd2 523=It.65.Out of this enumeration:g°-m°-v°-Pv.II,316; chatta-g°-m°-upāhanā Pv.II,49; II,936; m°-g°-v° kappūra-kaṭukapphalāni J.II,416.‹-› The application of scented ointment (gandhena or gandhehi vilimpati) is customary after a bath,e.g.PvA.50 (on Pv.I,106); J.I,254,265; III,277.Var.kinds of perfumes or scented substances are given as g°dhūpa-cuṇṇa-kappūra (incense,powder,camphor) J.I,290; vāsa-cuṇṇa-dhūpanādi g° KhA 37.See also cpds.-- 5.occurs as v.l.for gantha (book).

duggandha a disagreeable smell Dhs.625; °ṁ vāyati to emit a nasty odour PvA.14; as adj.having a bad smell,putrid Sn.205; PvA.15 (=pūtigandha),f.--ā:duggandhā pūti vāyasi “you emit a bad odour”) Pv.I,61 (=aniṭṭha°).--sugandha an agreeable smell Dhs.625; as adj.of pleasant smell J.III,277; Sdhp.246.

--āpaṇa a perfumery shop J.I,290; °ika perfume seller Miln.344; --āyatana an olfactory sense-relation,belonging to the six bāhirāni āyatanāni,the objective sensations D.III,243,290; Dhs.585,625,655; --ārammaṇa bearing on smell,having smell as its object Dhs.147,157,365,410,556,608; --ālepa (nt.) anointing with perfumes Vin.I,206; --āsā “hunger for odours,” craving for olfactory sensations Dhs.1059; --odaka scented water J.I,50; II,106; III,189; --karaṇḍaka a perfume-box S.III,131; V,351; Pug.34; --kuṭī (f.) a perfumed cabin,name of a room or hut occupied by the Buddha,esp.that made for him by Anāthapiṇḍika in Jetavana (J.I,92).Gotamassa g° J.II,416,cp.Av.Ś II.401; DhA.IV,203,206; --cuṇṇa scented (bath-) powder J.III,277; --jāta (nt.) odour,perfume (“consisting of smell”).Three kinds at A.I,225 (māla°,sāra°,puppha°); enum.as candanādi DhA.I,423; in defin.of gandha DA.I,77; -- Dh.55; --taṇhā thirst or craving for odours (cp.g°-āsā) Dhs.1059=Nd2 on jappā; --tela scented oil (for a lamp) J.I,61; II,104; DhA.I,205; --tthena a perfume-thief S.I,204; --dhātu the (sensory) element of smell Dhs.585; 625.707 (in conn.w.°āyatana); --pañcaṅgulika see sep.; --sañcetanā the olfactory sensation; together with °saññā perception of odours D.III,244; A.IV,147; V,359; --sannidhi the storing up of scented unguents D.I,6 (=DA.I,82).(Page 244)
Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Gandha:1.Gandha.-The name of a family of elephants; each elephant has the strength of one million men.VibhA.397; AA.ii.822; UdA.403,etc.

2.Gandha.-A setthi of Benares.On realising that his ancestors had died leaving immense wealth,which they had failed to enjoy,he started to spend large sums of money on luxuries,and one full-moon day he decorated the city and invited the people to watch him taking a meal.Among the assembled multitude was a villager,who felt that he would die unless he could obtain a morsel of Gandha’s rice.When this was told to Gandha he suggested that the man should work for him for three years,taking in payment a bowl of his rice.The villager agreed and henceforth became known as Bhattabhatika.At the end of the three years Gandha kept his promise and gave orders that Bhattabhatika should enjoy all his master’s own splendours for one day,and asked all the members of his household,except his wife Cintāmanī,to wait on him.When Bhattabhatika sat down to eat,a Pacceka Buddha appeared before him; Bhattabhatika gave his food to the Pacceka Buddha who,in sight of all those that had gathered to watch Bhattabhatika’s splendour,went through the air to Gandhamādana.When Gandha heard of what bad happened,he gave one-half of all his possessions to Bhattabhatika in return for a share of the merit he had gained.DhA.iii.87ff.

1.Gandha Sutta.-See Isayo Sutta.

2.Gandha Sutta.-The scents of the world spread only along with the wind and not against it; the fragrance of a good man’s virtue travels everywhere.A.i.225; cp.J.iii.291; Mil.333.
Pali Viet Dictionary Bản dịch của ngài Bửu Chơn.
GANDHA:[m] mùi vị--karaṇṇaka hộp đựng vật thơm --kuṭi [f] phòng có mùi thơm,hương cốc của đức Phật ngự --cuṇṇa [nt] phấn thơm --jata [nt] những loại có chất thơm --tela [nt] dầu thơm --pañcaṅgulika [nt] dấu hiệu năm ngón tay ở trên vài món hòa lẫn chất thơm --sāra [m] cây trầm hương --āpaṇa [m] nhà bán chất thơm
Pali Viet Abhidhamma Terms Từ điển các thuật ngữ Vô Tỷ Pháp của ngài Tịnh Sự, được chép từ phần ghi chú thuật ngữ trong các bản dịch của ngài.
gandha:mùi hơi,cảnh khí,hương thơm,khí,hơi,mùi
Tipiṭaka Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary တိပိဋက-ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္
[ဂႏၴ+အ။ ဂႏၶယႏၲီတိ ဂႏၶာ၊ အတၱေနာ ဝတၳဳံ သူေစႏၲီတိ အေတၳာ။ ပဋိသံ၊ ႒၊၁။၇၄။စူဠနိ၊႒။၆၆။ အဘိ၊႒၊၂။၄၂။ ဝိဘာဝိနီ။ ၁၂၉။ ဟႎသေတ အဘိလသီယေတ ဝါ ဂေႏၶာ။ ဓာန္၊ဋီ။၉၄။]
(၁) အနံ႔၊ ဂႏၶာ႐ုံ။ (၂) နံ႔သာ (နံ႔သာရည္,နံ႔သာေပ်ာင္း အေက်ာ္,ကုကၤုမံ-စသည္)။ (၃) အနံ႔,တူေသာ တရား။ (၄) ႏွလုံးသား။ (၅) ဂႏၴဆင္မ်ိဳး။ (၆) ျဖတ္ျခင္း။ (၇) ဘဝသို႔ေရာက္ေၾကာင္းကံ။ ဂႏၶဗၺ-(၁)-ၾကည့္။
Pali Roots Dictionary ဓါတ္အဘိဓာန္
စု = သုစန ေဆဒန ဟႎသေနသု-ျပျခင္း,ျဖတ္ျခင္း,ညႇဉ္းဆဲျခင္းတို႔၌။ ဂေႏၶတိ၊ ဂႏၶယတိ။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
gandha:ဂႏၶ (ပ)
အနံ႔။ ရနံ႔။ နံ႔သာ။ ဒန္႔သလြန္ပင္။

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