Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

漢譯パーリ語辭典 黃秉榮譯
gala:m.[〃] 喉嚨,頸部,脖子.-ggaha 捉住扼住喉嚨脖子.
パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
gala:m.[〃] のど,首.-ggahaのど首を捕える.
増補改訂パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
gala:m.[〃] のど,首.-ggahaのど首を捕える.-vāṭaka咽喉,喉腔
《巴漢詞典》Mahāñāṇo Bhikkhu編著
Gala,【陽】 脖子,咽喉。 ~ggāha,【陽】 抓著脖子,扼殺。 ~nāḷi,【陰】喉頭。 ~ppamāṇa,【形】 直到脖子。 ~vāṭaka,【陽】 咽喉的底部。(p117)
《巴漢詞典》明法尊者增訂
Gala,【陽】脖子,咽喉。galaggāha,【陽】抓著脖子,扼殺。galanāḷi,【陰】喉頭。galappamāṇa,【形】直到脖子。galavāṭaka,【陽】咽喉的底部。
Pali Word Grammar from Pali Myanmar Dictionary
gala:gala(pu)
ဂလ(ပု)
[gala+a.gila+a.galanti a danti ajjhoharanti etenāti galo.nīti,dhā.165.gilati anenāti galo,issattaṃ.,ṭī.263.]
[ဂလ+အ။ ဂိလ+အ။ ဂလႏၲိ အ ဒႏၲိ အေဇၩာဟရႏၲိ ဧေတနာတိ ဂေလာ။ နီတိ၊ ဓာ။၁၆၅။ ဂိလတိ အေနနာတိ ဂေလာ၊ ဣႆတၱံ။ ဓာန္၊ဋီ။၂၆၃။]
Concise Pali-English Dictionary by A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera
gala:[m.] the neck; the throat.
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Gala,[*gel to devour,to swallow=Lat.gula,Ohg.kela,cp.Sk.gala jalukā,and *gǔel,as Gr.dέlear,cp.also Sk.girati,gilati Dhtp 262 gives as meaning of gal “adana.” This root gal also occurs at Vism.410 in fanciful def.of “puggala”; the meaning here is not exactly sure (to cry,shout?)] the throat J.I,216,264,III,26; IV,494:I.194 (a dewlap); PvA.11,104.

--agga the top of the throat Sdhp.379; --ajjhoharaniya able to be swallowed (of solid food) Dhs.646,740,875; --ggaha taking by the throat,throttling D.I,144 (+daṇḍapahāra); --nāḷī the larynx DhA.I,253; II,257; --ppamāṇa (adj.) going up to the neck J.I,264 (āvāṭa); --pariyosāṇa forming the end of the throat J.III,126; --ppavedhaka (nt.) pain in the throat M.I,371; --mūla the bottom of the throat PvA.283.--vāṭaka the bottom (?) of the throat (œsophagus?) Vism.185,258.

Note.--gala with many other words containing a guttural+liquid element belongs to the onomatopoetic roots kḷ & gḷ ;l (kṛ & gṛ ),usually reduplicated (iterative),the main applications of which are the following:

1.The (sounding) throat in designation of swallowing,mostly with a dark (guttural) vowel:gulp,belch,gargle,gurgle.

2.The sound produced by the throat (voice) or sound in general,particularly of noises or sounds either inarticulate,confused & indefinable or natural sounds striking enough per se to form a sufficient means of recognition (i.e.name) of the animal which utters this sound (cuckoo,e.g.).To be divided into:

A.palatal group (“light” sounds):squeak,yell,giggle,etc.,applied to -- (a) Animate Nature:the cackling,crowing noise of Palmipeds & related birds,reminding of laughter (heron,hen,cock; cp.P.koñca,Lat.gallus) -- (b) Inanimate Nature:the grinding,nibbling,trickling,dripping,fizzing noises or sounds (P.galati,etc.).

B.guttural group (“dark” sounds):groan,growl,howl,etc.,appld to -- (a) Animate N.:the snorting,grunting noise of the Pachyderms & related quadrupeds (elephant,op.P.koñca,kuñjara; pig,boar) -- (b) Inanimate N.:the roaring,crashing,thundering noises (P.gaḷagaḷāyati,ghurughurāyati).

3.The sound as indicating motion (produced by motion):

A.palatal group (“sharp” sounds,characteristic of quick motion:whizz,spin,whirl):P.gaggaraka whirlpool,Gr.kerkiζ spindle,bobbin.

B.guttural group (“dull” sounds,characteristic of slow and heavy motion:roll,thud,thunder).Sometimes with elimination of the sound-element appld to swelling & fullness,as in “bulge” or Gr.sfaragέw (be full).

These three categories are not always kept clearly separate,so that often a palatal group shifts into the sphere of a guttural one & vice versa.-- The formation of kḷ gḷ roots is by no means an extinct process,nor is it restricted to any special branch of a linguistic family,as examples show.The main roots of Idg.origin are the foll.which are all represented in Pāli ‹-› (the categories are marked Acc.to the foregoing scheme 1,2A,2B,3):kal (2A):klάzw,clango,Goth.hlahjan laugh; kār (2 A):kh_ruc,Sk.kāru (cp.P.kitti),cārmen; kel (2 A):kέlados,calo (cp.P.kandati),Ohg.hellan; ker (2 Aa):karkaiρw,kόrkoros=querquedula=kakkara (partridge); kol (2 B):cuculus,kokila (a); kolāhala and halāhala (b); kor (2 Ba):cornix (cp.P.kāka),corvus=crow=raven; Sk.krośati; P.koñca.-- gǔel (1) Lat.gula,glutio,dέlear; gǔer:(1) bόros,bibrwζkw,Lat.voro,Sk.girati,Ohg.querka; (3) baρaqron (whirlpool) Sk.gargara:gel (1) Sk.gilati,Ohg.kela -- gal (2 A):gallus (a) gloria (b); gar (2 Ab):gh_rus,garrulus,Ohg.kara:gel (2 A):xelidw/n (a) hirrio (to whine),Ohg.gellan (b):ger:(1) gargari/zw (gargle) Sk.gharghara (gurgling).(2 Aa) gέranos = crane,Ger.krähen,Lat.gracillo (cackle); (2 Ba) Ohg.kerran (grunt),Sk.gṛṇāti (sing); (2 Ab) Sk.jarate (rustle); gur (2 Ba):gru/zw=grundio= grunt; Lat.gurgulio; Sk.ghurghura.

With special reference to Pāli formations the foll.list shows a few sound roots which are further discussed in the Dictionary s.v.Closely connected with Idg.k̊l gḷ is the Pāli cerebral ṭ,tḥ,ḷ,ṇ,so that roots with these sounds have to be classed in a mutual relation with the liquids.In most cases graphic representation varies between both (cp.gala & gaḷa) -- kil (kiṇ) (2 Ab):kikī (cp.Sk.kṛka°),kilikilāyati & kiṅkiṇāyati (tinkle),kili (click),kiṅkaṇika (bell); kur (2 B):ākurati to hawk,to be hoarse; khaṭ (1) khaṭakhaṭa (hawking),kākacchati (snore); (2 Aa) kukkuṭa (cock); gal (1) gala (throat) uggilati (vomit); (2 Ab) galati (trickle):(2 Ba) Pk.galagajjiya (roar) & guluguliya (bellow); (2 Bb) gaḷagaḷāyati (roar); gar (2 A); gaggara (roar & cackle,cp.Sk.gargara to 3); (2 B); gaggarāyati (roar); (3) gaggaraka (whirlpool); ghar (1) Sk.gharghara (gurgling); (2 Ab) gharati (trickle),Sk.ghargharikā (bell); (2 Bb) ghurughurāyati (grunt).-- See also kakaca,kaṅka,kaṅkaṇa,cakora (caṅkora),cakkavaka,jagghati,ciṭiciṭāyati,taṭataṭayati,timingala,papphāsa.(Page 246)
Pali Viet Dictionary Bản dịch của ngài Bửu Chơn.
GALA:[m] cần cổ,cuống cổ --ggāha [m] sự níu,nắm lấy cổ,bóp cổ họng --nāḷi [f] cuống họng --ppamāṇa [a] đến cần cổ (đi trong nước) --vāṭaka [m] phía dưới cần cổ,cuống họng
Tipiṭaka Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary တိပိဋက-ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္
gala:ဂလ (ပု)
[ဂလ+အ။ ဂိလ+အ။ ဂလႏၲိ အ ဒႏၲိ အေဇၩာဟရႏၲိ ဧေတနာတိ ဂေလာ။ နီတိ၊ ဓာ။၁၆၅။ ဂိလတိ အေနနာတိ ဂေလာ၊ ဣႆတၱံ။ ဓာန္၊ဋီ။၂၆၃။]
လည္၊ လည္ပင္း၊ လည္ေခ်ာင္း၊ ေရမ်ိဳ၊ လည္မ်ိဳ၊ လည္တိုင္။
Pali Roots Dictionary ဓါတ္အဘိဓာန္
gala:ဂလ
ဘူ = အဒေန-စားျခင္း၌။ ဂလတိ။
ဘူ+စု = သဝေန-ယိုစီးျခင္း၌။ ဂေလတိ၊ ဂလယတိ။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
gala:ဂလ (ပ) (√ဂလ္+အ)
လည္။ လည္ေခ်ာင္း။

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