Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

巴利語匯解&巴利新音譯 瑪欣德尊者
dukkhaṃ ariyasaccaṃ:苦聖諦,簡稱苦諦。即揭示生命本質的真理。
苦,巴利語dukkha,由du(下劣的)+kha(空無的)構成。《清凈道論》解釋說:“此第一諦下劣,是許多禍害的依處;空無,並沒有愚人們所遍計的恒常、凈、樂、我之性。因為下劣故,空無故,稱為‘苦’。”(Vm.530)
在《大念處經》中說:“諸比庫,何謂苦聖諦?生是苦,老是苦,死是苦,愁、悲、苦、憂、惱是苦,怨憎會是苦,愛別離是苦,所求不得是苦。簡而言之:五取蘊即苦。”
根據《分別論》,苦聖諦是除了渴愛(taṇha,屬於貪心所)之外的煩惱、不善法、三善根有漏法、有漏善法、有漏善不善法的果報、既非善不善和果報的唯作法,及一切色法。(81世間心,51心所,28色) (Vbh.206)

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