Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

漢譯パーリ語辭典 黃秉榮譯
catur:= catu.-aṅga m.四(部)分(four-division).-aṅgika,-aṅgin a.,-aṅginī f.(包含,組成)四部分的(comprising four parts).-aṅgula 四指量(四指寬,measuring 4 fingers,4 fingers broad or wide).-anta = cāturanta 四邊(的),四天下的.-assa 四個角落的(four-cornered),四邊形的(quadrangular).
パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
catur:= catu.-aṅga m.四分.-aṅgika,-aṅgin a.,-aṅginī f.四分の.-aṅgula 四指量.-anta = cāturanta 四辺.-assa四角.
増補改訂パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
catur:= catu.caturaṅginī senā四军,四兵[象,马,车,步].caturassā pokkharaṇī四角の池.caturāsīti vihāra-sahassāni八万四千の精舎.caturāsīti-sahassa-vidhā dhammakkhandhā八万四千法聚[法蕴].-aṅga m.四分.-aṅga-samannāgata andhakāra四支を具备した暗黑.-aṅgika,-aṅgin a.,-aṅginī f.四分の.-aṅgula 四指量.-anta = cāturanta 四辺.-asīti八十四.-assa四角.-adhiṭṭhānā四处[慧,谛,舍,静寂].-asīti-sahassa八万四千[法门].
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Catur,catu° in composition [Vedic catvārah (m.) catvāri (nt.) fr.*qǔetuor,*qǔetur=Gr.tέttares (hom.piζurQs),Lat.quattuor,Goth.fidwōr,Ohg.fior,Ags fēower,E.four; catasras (f.) fr.*qǔ(e)tru,cp.tisras.Also as adv.catur fr.*quetrus=Lat.quater & quadru°] base of numeral four; 1.As num.adj.Nom.& Acc.m.cattāro (Dh.109; J.III,51) and caturo (Sn.84,188),f.catasso (Sn.1122),nt.cattāri (Sn.227); Gen.m.catunnaṁ (Sn.p.102),[f.catassannaṁ]; Instr.catubbhi (Sn.229),catūhi (Sn.231) & catuhi; Loc.catūsu (J.I,262) & catusu.-- 2.As num.adv.,catu° catur° in cpds.catuddasa (14),also through elision & reduction cuddasa PvA.55,283,etc.,cp.also cātuddasī.Catuvīsati (24) Sn.457; catusaṭṭhi (64) J.I,50; II,193; PvA.74; caturāsīti (84) usually with vassa-sahassāni J.I,137; II,311; Pv IV.77; DhA.II,58; PvA.9,31,254,etc.See also cattārīsa (40).

--(r)aṁsa (=caturassa,having four edges,four-edged Dhs.617; PvA.189 (read °sobhitāya); --(r)aṅga (consisting of) four limbs or divisions,fourfold M.I,77; J.I,390; II,190,192; VI,169 (uposatha,cp.aṭṭhaṅga); Dpvs.I,6; Sdhp.64; --(r)aṅgika=prec.Dhs.147,157,397; KhA 85; Sdhp.58; --(r)aṅgin (adj.) comprising four parts,f.°inī,of an army consisting of elephants,chariots,cavalry & infantry D.II,190; J.II,102,104; Vism.146; SnA 225,353; DhA.IV,144; cp.J.VI,275; --(r)aṅgula (adj.) measuring 4 fingers,4 fingers broad or wide,Vin.I,46; S.II,178; J.VI,534; Th.1,1137; Vism.124.--(r)aṅgulika=prec.Th.2,498 (-ThA,290); --(r)anta see cāturQ; --(r)assa [catur+assa2] four-cornered,quadrangular,regular Vin.II,310 (Bdhgh); J.IV,46 (āvāṭa) 492 (sālā); V,49; Pv.II,119.Cp.caturaṁsa & next; --(r)assara (see last) with 4 sharp sides (of a hammer; °muggara) DhA.I,126; --(r)âdhiṭṭhāna (adj.) one who has taken the four resolutions (see adhiṭṭhāna) M.III,239; --(r)âpassena (adj.) endowed with the four apassena:lit.:reclining on four A.V,29,30; D.III,269,270; --ussada (catussada) full of four,endowed with 4 things,rich in four attributes J.IV,309 (expld.p.311 as having plenty of people,grain,wood & water); IV,422=461 “with four pillows" (p.422 has caturassada for caturussada,which latter is also to be preferred to catussada,unless this is a haplology).In the same connection occurs satt-ussada (full of people) D.I,111 e.g.& Pv IV.18 (see satta).The formation “cattussada" has probably been influenced by “sattussada"; --(k)kaṇṇa (& °ka) (a) with 4 corners Vin.II,137; J.III,255.-- (b) “between four ears," i.e.secret,of manta (counsel) J.VI,391; --(k)kama walking with four (feet),quadruped Vv 648; Pv.I,113; --kuṇḍika on all fours M.I,79; A.III,188; D.III,6; Pv III,27 (cp.PvA.181); --koṇa four cornered,crossed,in °raccha cross road PvA.24; --(k)khandha the four khandhas,viz.feeling,perception,synthesis & intellect (see khandha) DhsA.345; --(g)guṇa fourfold,quadruple D.II,135; S.I,27; J.I,213; VvA.186; Sdhp.Q40; --cakka with four wheels S.I,16=63 (said of the human body,see under cakka); --jāta of four sorts,viz.gandha (perfume) having four ingredients ThA.72 (see next) --jāti of four kinds J.I,265,V.79; (gandha).These 4 ingredients of perfume are saffron,jasmine,Turkish (tarukkha) & Greek incense (yavana); --jātiya (& °jātika) in °gandha prec.J.III,291; IV,377; PvA.127; Miln.354; J.I,178 (°ka); --(d)disā (pl.) the 4 quarters of the globe S.I,167=Sn.p.79; D.I,251; may also be taken for Abl.sg.as adv.:in the 4 quarters Vin.I,16,cp.Acc.catuddisaṁ D.II,12; --(d)dīpika covering the 4 continents,of megha (a cloud) DhA.II,95; --dvāra with 4 gates,of a house D.I,102 (=DA.I,270); of Avīciniraya It.86; J.IV,3; Pv.I,1013; cp.Catudvāra Jātaka (No.439; J.IV,1 sq.); --nahuta ninety-four J.I,25; VI,486; --paccaya the four requisites (see paccaya) J.III,273,°santosa contentment with °DhA.IV,111; --paṇṇasa fiftyfour DhA.I,4; --(p)patha a fourways J.IV,460; --(p)pada [Sk.caturpād,Gr.tetrάpous,Lat.quadrupes] a quadruped Vin.II,110; S.I,6; A.V,21; Sn.603,964; It.87; J.I,152; III,82; --parivaṭṭa (cp.aṭṭha °adhideva-ñāṇadassana A.IV,304) fourfold circle S.III,59 sq.(pañcupādānakkhandhe).--parisā (f.) the fourfold assembly,scil.of male & female bhikkhus & upāsakas (cp.parisā) PvA.11; --pala fourfold Vism.339.--(p)pādaka (adj.) consisting of 4 padas,i.e.a sloka; f.°ikā (gāthā) a complete stanza or sloka Anvs p.35; --pārisuddhasīla (nt.) the four precepts of purity J.III,291; DhA.IV,111; --(b)bidha (catur+vidha) fourfold ThA,74; --(b)bipallāsa (catur+vipallāsa) the fourfold change (cp.Nett 85) Th+1,1143; SnA 46; --byūha (catur+vyūha) arranged in 4 arrays (of hāra) Nett 3,105; --bhāga the 4th part,a quarter Dh.108; --bhūmika having 4 stories or stages (of citta or dhamma) DhA.I,21; IV,72; DhsA.344,345; cp.Vism.493 (of indriya); --madhura (nt.) sweetness (syrup) of 4 (ingredients) DA.I,136; ThA.68; --mahāpatha a crossing on a high-road Vism.235.--mahābhūtika consisting of the four great elements DhsA.403; --(m)mahārājika:see cātum°; --māsa 4 months,a season PvA.96; Dpvs.I,24,37 (cā°); see under māsa; --sacca the four truths or facts (see ariyasacca) DhA.III,380; Miln.334; (s)sāla (nt.) [catur+sāla] a square formed by 4 houses,in phrasc catuhi gabbhehi paṭimaṇḍitaṁ catussālaṁ kāretvā VvA.220; DhA.III,291; --’ha (catuha & catūha) 4 days; catuhena within 4 days S.II,191; catūhapañcāha 4 or 5 days Vin.IV,280.-- See also cpds.with cātu°.(Page 261)

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