Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

《巴漢詞典》Mahāñāṇo Bhikkhu編著
Cakkavāla,【陽、中】 宇宙(世界的圓周),太陽系。 ~gabbha,【陽】 世界圓周的內部。 ~pabbata,【陽】 環繞著地球的循環巖石。(p123)
《巴漢詞典》明法尊者增訂
Cakkavāla,【陽】【中】宇宙(世界的圓周),太陽系,輪圍山,鐵圍山。cakkavālagabbha,【陽】世界圓周的內部。cakkavālapabbata,【陽】環繞著地球的回圈巖石。
Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Cakkavāla:The name given to a whole world-system,there being countless such systems.

Each Cakkavāla is twelve hundred and three thousand,four hundred and fifty yojanas in extent and consists of the earth,two hundred and four thousand nahutas of yojanas in volume,surrounded by a region of water four hundred and eight thousand nahutas of yojanas in volume.This rests on air,the thickness of which is nine hundred and sixty thousand nahutas of yojanas.In the centre of the Cakkavāla is Mount Sineru,one hundred and sixty-eight yojanas in height,half of which is immersed in the ocean.

Around Sineru are seven mountain ranges,Yugandhara,Isadhara,Karavīka,Sudassana,Nemindhara,Vinataka and Assakanna.The mountains are inhabited by the Regent Gods (Mahārājas) and their followers,the Yakkhas.

Within the Cakkavāla is the Himavā mountain,one hundred leagues high,with eighty-four thousand peaks.Surrounding the whole Cakkavāla is the Cakkavālasilā.Belonging to each Cakkavāla is a moon,forty-nine leagues in diameter,a sun of fifty leagues,the Tāvatimsabhavana,the Asurabhavana,the Avīcimahāniraya and the four mahādīpas -Jambudīpa,Aparagoyāna,Pubbavideha andUttarakuru,each mahādīpa surrounded by five hundred minor dīpas.

Between the Cakkavalas exist the Lokantarika-niraya (SA.ii.442f.; DhsA.297f).

In each Cakkavāla are four Regent Gods (Cattāro Mahārājā) (AA.i.439).

A sun can illuminate only one Cakkavāla; the rays of light from the Buddha’s body can illuminate all the Cakkavālas (AA.i.440).

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