Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

Buddhist Dictionary by NYANATILOKA MAHATHERA
brahma-vihāra:the 4 'Sublime' or 'Divine Abodes',also called the 4 Boundless States (appamaññā),are:Loving-kindness (mettā),Compassion (karuṇā),Altruistic (or sympathetic) Joy (muditā ),Equanimity (upekkhā).

The stereotype text on the development of these 4 sublime abodes (brahma-vihāra-bhāvanā; s.bhāvanā),often met with in the Suttas ,- is as follows:"'There,o monks,the monk with a mind full of loving-kindness pervading first one direction,then a second one,then a third one,then the fourth one,just so above,below and all around; and everywhere identifying himself with all,he is pervading the whole world with mind full of loving-kindness,with mind wide,developed,unbounded,free from hate and ill-will." Hereafter follows the same theme with compassion,altruistic joy,and equanimity.

Literature:Detailed explanation in Vis.M.IX.- For texts s."Path",97ff; texts on mettā in The Practice of Loving Kindness,by Ñāṇamoli Thera (WHEEL 7).- The Four Sublime States,by Ñaṇaponika Thera (WHEEL 6).- Brahma Vihāra,by Narada Thera (Vajirarama,Colombo,1962).

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