Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Input Word Explanation Preview

What Languages of Dictionaries to Show?
Pāli-English
Pāli-Japanese
Pāli-Chinese
Pāli-Vietnamese
Pāli-Burmese

The Order of Languages of Dictionaries to Show?
No Such Word
Looking Up ...
Loading Words ...
Internet Connection Error

About This Website

This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
bojjhanga: ’the 7 factors of enlightenment’,are:

mindfulness (sati-sambojjhanga; s.sati), investigation of the law(dhamma-vicaya-sambojjhanga), energy (viriya-sambojjhanga; s.viriya,padhāna), rapture (pīti-sambojjhanga,q.v.) tranquility (passaddhi-sambojjhanga,q.v.), concentration (samādhi-sambojjhanga,q.v.), equanimity (upekkhā)."Because they lead to enlightenment,therefore they are called factors of enlightenment" (S.XLVI,5).

Though in the 2nd factor,dhamma-vicaya,the word dhamma is taken by most translators to stand for the Buddhist doctrine,it probably refers to the bodily and mental phenomena (nāma-rūpa-dhammā) as presented to the investigating mind by mindfulness,the 1st factor.With that interpretation,the term may be rendered by ’investigation of phenomena’.

In A.X.102,the 7 factors are said to be the means of attaining the threefold wisdom (s.tevijjā).

They may be attained by means of the 4 foundations of mindfulness (satipatthāna),as it is said in S.XLVI.1 and explained in M.118:

(1) "Whenever,o monks,the monk dwells contemplating the body (kāya),feeling (vedanā),mind (citta) and mind-objects (dhammā),strenuous,clearly-conscious,mindful,after subduing worldly greed and grief,at such a time his mindfulness is present and undisturbed; and whenever his mindfulness is present and undisturbed,at such a time he has gained and is developing the factor of enlightenment ’mindfulness’(sati-sambojjhanga),and thus this factor of enlightenment reaches fullest perfection.

(2) "Whenever,while dwelling with mindfulness,he wisely investigates,examines and thinks over the law ...at such a time he has gained and is developing the factor of enlightenment ’investigation of the law’ (dhamma-vicaya°) ....

(3) "Whenever,while wisely investigating his energy is firm and unshaken ...at such a time he has gained and is developing the factor of enlightenment ’energy’ (viriya°) ....

(4) "Whenever in him,while firm in energy,arises super sensuous rapture ...at such a time he has gained and is developing the factor of enlightenment ’rapture’ (pīti°) ..

(5) "Whenever,while enraptured in mind,his body and his mind become composed ...at such a time he has gained and is developing the factor of enlightenment ’tranquillity’ (passaddhi°).

(6) "Whenever,while being composed in his body and happy,his mind becomes concentrated ...at such a time he has gained and is developing the factor of enlightenment ’concentration’ (samādhi°)

(7) "Whenever he looks with complete indifference on his mind thus concentrated ...at such a time he has gained and is developing the factor of enlightenment ’equanimity’ (upekkhā).

Literature:

Bojjhanga Samyutta (S.XLVI); Bojjhanga Vibh.- For the conditions leading to the arising of each of the factors,see the Com.to Satipatthāna Sutta (Way of Mindfulness,by Soma Thera; 3rd ed., 1967,BPS). The ’Seven Factors of Enlightenment,by Piyadassi Thera (WHEEL 1.)
Pali Viet Abhidhamma Terms Từ điển các thuật ngữ Vô Tỷ Pháp của ngài Tịnh Sự, được chép từ phần ghi chú thuật ngữ trong các bản dịch của ngài.
bojjhanga:giác chi,đoạt,đoạn lìa,đánh mất

Browse Dictionary

Powered by web.py, Jinja2, AngularJS, Bootstrap, Glyphicons Halflings,