Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

巴利語匯解&巴利新音譯 瑪欣德尊者
bodhisatto:菩薩。巴利語音譯之略。bodhi, 古音譯作菩提,乃覺悟之義;satta意為有情,或作執取。菩薩即追求覺悟的有情,或對菩提的執取。
諸經註中說:
“Bodhisattoti paṇḍitasatto bujjhanakasatto, Bodhi- saṅkhātesu vā catūsu maggesu satto āsatto laggamānaso’ti bodhisatto."
“菩薩者,即賢智的有情,覺悟的有情,或對稱為菩提的四種道的執取、執著、心追求為菩薩。"(D.A.2.17)
“Dīpaṅkarassa hi bhagavato pādamūle aṭṭhadhamma- samodhānena abhinīhārasamiddhito pabhuti tathāgato bodhiyā satto laggo “pattabbā mayā esā"ti tadadhigamāya parakkamaṃ amuñcantoyeva āgato, tasmā bodhisatto’ti vuccati."
“在燃燈世尊的足下時,因具足八法並成就了至上願開始,執取、執著如來的菩提:‘我應證得此!’為了證悟它而不放棄地努力達成,所以稱為菩薩。"(M.A.1.35; A.A.2.104)
佛陀在尚未證悟正自覺之前稱為菩薩,或者說菩薩是指必定將證悟佛果的有情。在巴利經典中,菩薩通常也專指我們茍答馬佛陀自從獲得燃燈佛授記以後,直至在菩提樹下覺悟這段漫長輪回過程中的生命。
根據上座部佛教,只有獲得了佛陀的授記之後才是真正的菩薩。雖然菩薩有能力在遇到活著的佛陀時即證悟阿拉漢果,但由於他放棄了斷除煩惱、成為佛弟子的機會,所以仍然還是凡夫,還是會因為不善業的成熟而投生到畜生、鬼,甚至地獄等惡趣,就如《本生》中菩薩的故事一樣。
Pali-Dictionary Vipassana Research Institute
bodhisatto:A being destined to attain Buddhaship

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