Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

漢譯パーリ語辭典 黃秉榮譯
Avīci:f.[BSk.〃] 阿鼻[地獄],無間[地獄].
パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
Avīci:f.[BSk.〃] 阿鼻,無間 [地獄].
巴利語匯解&巴利新音譯 瑪欣德尊者
Avīci:無間地獄。
《巴漢詞典》Mahāñāṇo Bhikkhu編著
Avīci,【形】 無間的,無波的,【陰】 大地獄之一。(p45)
《巴漢詞典》明法尊者增訂
Avīci,【形】無間的,無波的,【陰】無間地獄,八大地獄之一。
Pali Word Grammar from Pali Myanmar Dictionary
avīci:avīci(ti)
အဝီစိ(တိ)
[na+vīci]
[န+ဝီစိ]
Buddhist Dictionary by NYANATILOKA MAHATHERA
Avīci:is the name of one of the most frightful hells (niraya ,q.v.).
Concise Pali-English Dictionary by A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera
avīci:[adj.] waveless.(f.) one of the great hells.
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Avīci,[B.Sk.avīci a + vīci (?) no intermission,or no pleasure (?),unknown,but very likely popular etym.] 1 avīciniraya one of the (great) hells (see niraya),described in vivid colours at many passages of the Pāli canon,e.g.at Vin.II,203 = It.86; Nd1 18,347,405 = Nd2 304 IIID; Ps.I,83; Dhs.1281; J.I,71,96; III,182; IV,159; DhA.I,148; PvA.52; SnA 290; Sdhp.37,194; Pgdp 5 sq.; etc etc.-- 2.disintegration,decay Vism.449 (a.jarā nāma).(Page 85)
Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Avīci:One of the eight great purgatories (mahāniraya) (J.v.266).It is ten thousand leagues in extent and forms part of a cakkavāla (SnA.ii.443).

The Milindapañha (p.5),however,places it outside the sphere of the earth.Spence Hardy (Manual of Buddhism,p.26) mentions a tradition which says that Avīci is seven hundred miles directly under the Bodhi Tree at Gaya.In later books,e.g.the Dhammapada Commentary,it is represented as being under the earth,for we are told that the earth opened wide to allow the flames of Avīci to escape and to drag down sinners into its bowels (E.g.,DhA.i.127,147; iii.181).It seems to have been specially designed for those who had committed very grievous crimes,among whom are

Devadatta; Cunda,the pork butcher; Ananda,who raped his cousin the Therī Uppalavannā; the ascetic Jambuka,who in a previous birth had insulted an arahant; the murderer of the Pacceka Buddha Sunetta; Sīvalī,who in a former birth had blockaded a city for seven years; Suppabuddha,who insulted the Buddha; Mallikkā,because of her misbehaviour with a dog (she was only there seven days); Ciñcā-Mānavikā,because she falsely accused the Buddha; and Kapila,brother of Sodhana,for reviling pious monks.For details and references see under these names; see also Mil.357.

According to Buddhaghosa,Avīci is often called Mahā Niraya (AA.i.376).Descriptions of it are to be found in several places in the four Nikāyas (E.g.,M.iii.183; A.i.141-2).It is a quadrangular space,one hundred leagues each way,four-doored,walled all round and above with steel and with floor of incandescent molten steel.

The Dhammapadatthakathā gives a description of the tortures that await the entrant to Avīci.When,for instance,Devadatta entered there,his body became one hundred leagues in height,his head,as far as the outer ear,entered into an iron skull; his feet sank up to the ankles in iron,an iron stake as thick as the trunk of a palmyra tree came from the west wall,pierced the small of his back and,penetrating his breast,entered the east wall.Other similar stakes came from the south and from the north and transfixed him (DhA.i.148).

The fire of Avīci is so powerful that it destroys the eyes of anyone looking at it from a distance of one hundred leagues (A.i.142).It would destroy in a moment a rock as large as a gabled house,yet beings born there remain undestroyed,as though reposing in their mother’s womb (DhA.i.127; Mil.67).

Beings born in Avīci suffer for periods of varying lengths; thus,Mallikā,Pasenadi’s queen,remained only for seven days (DhA.iii.121),while Devadatta is destined to pass there 100,000 kappas (DhA.i.148).

The Sutta Nipata (p.126) gives the names of various specified periods of suffering,which,according to Buddhaghosa (SnA.i.476),are to be spent in Avīci; they are Abbuda,Nirabbuda,Ababa,Ahaha,Atata,Kumuda,Sogandhika,Uppalaka,Pundarīka,and Paduma,taken in a geometrical progression of twenty (i.e.twenty Abbudas=one Nirabbuda,etc.).

Another mode of suffering in Avīci is described as Sarājita (SA.iii.100).

It is noteworthy that the word Avīci occurs only once in the four Nikāyas - namely,in a passage in the Cakkavatti-Sīhānāda Sutta of the Digha Nikāya (D.iii.75; repeated in A.i.159) - but in this context there is no indication that the name refers to a purgatory.The word is not found in a list of purgatories given in the Sutta Nipāta (pp.126-31) and in the Samyutta (i.152).It is,however,found in a poem in the Itivuttaka (No.89) which recurs both in the Vinaya (ii.203) and in the Dhammasangani (Section 1280),and there it is specifically called a niraya.

In the Digha passage mentioned above,the reference to Avīci is in connection with a tremendous growth of population which will occur in Jambudīpa in a future age.Houses will be so close that a cock could fly from any one to the next,and one would think it Avīci (avīci maññe).

Rhys Davids suggests (Dial.iii.73,n.1) that the word (which he translates as Waveless Deep) might have been originally used to denote density of population.Buddhaghosa (DA.iii.855) explains it as "nirantara-pūrita" perhaps in the sense that it is filled with fire.In the Visuddhi Magga (ii.449) the word appears to be a synonym for jars (disintegration) and is used in connection with the disintegration of earth,water,mountains,sun,moon,etc.

Avīci is often referred to as the lowest point of the universe (Thus,e.g.,Vsm.ii.390,486; Mbv.57).

The chief suffering endured there is that of heat (MNidA.,p.8).
Pali-Dictionary Vipassana Research Institute
avīci:Name of one of the eight narakas or hells
Pali Viet Dictionary Bản dịch của ngài Bửu Chơn.
AVĪCI:[a] không xao động [f] A
Tipiṭaka Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary တိပိဋက-ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္
avīci:အဝီစိ (တိ)
[န+ဝီစိ]
(၁) အၾကားအလပ္မရွိေသာ။ (ပု၊ထီ)(၂) အၾကားမလပ္မရွိရာျဖစ္ေသာ ငရဲ၊ မီးလွ်ံအၾကားအလပ္,ငရဲသား သတၱဝါ အၾကားအလပ္,ဆင္းရဲဒုကၡ အၾကား အလပ္ မရွိရာျဖစ္ေသာ ငရဲ၊ အဝီစိငရဲ။ ဤအဝီစိငရဲကား ငရဲႀကီး ရွစ္ထပ္တို႔တြင္ တထပ္အပါအဝင္ျဖစ္သည္။ မူရင္းၾကည့္ပါ။ အဝီစိနိရယ-လည္းၾကည့္။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
avīci:အဝီစိ (ပ)
အဝီစိငရဲ။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
avīci:အဝီစိ (တိ)
လႈိင္းတံပိုး မရွိေသာ။

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