Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

巴利語匯解&巴利新音譯 瑪欣德尊者
asubha-bhāvanā:不凈修法。巴利語的直譯。subha意為清凈的、美的;加上表示反義的前綴a,意為不清凈的。bhāvanā意為修習、禪修、培育,在此作名詞用,即禪修的方法。不凈修法即取身體的厭惡不凈作為禪修所緣的修行方法。
有兩種修習不凈的方法:
1.有意識的不凈業處(saviññāṇaka-asubha- kammaṭṭhāna),又作身至念、三十二身分,即思維有生命的身體三十二個部分厭惡與不凈的禪修業處。
2.無意識的不凈業處(aviññāṇaka-asubha- kammaṭṭhāna),又分為十種,即思維無生命的身體(死屍)腫脹腐爛的十種不凈相(十不凈)。
修習不凈業處能鎮伏貪欲,也可以證得初禪。
北傳佛教依說一切有部等所傳的“五停心觀"將不凈修法稱為“不凈觀"。“五停心觀"意謂五種停止心之惑障的觀法,即不凈觀、慈悲觀、緣起觀、界分別觀、數息觀。然而,根據上座部佛教,修習不凈業處屬於修止而非修觀。因此不能把巴利語asubha-bhāvanā訛作“不凈觀"。

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