Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Apa°,[Vedic apa; Idg. *apo = Gr. a]pό,Av. apa,Lat. ab from *ap (cp. aperio); Goth. af,Ger. ab,Ags. E. of. ‹-› A compar. form fr. apa is apara “further away”] Welldefined directional prefix,meaning “away from,off”. Usually as base-prefix (except with ā),& very seldom in compn. with other modifying prefixes (like sam,abhi etc.). ‹-› 1. apa = Vedic apa (Idg. *apo):apeti to go away = Gr. a)/peimi,Lat. abeo,Goth. afiddja; apeta gone away,rid; °kaḍḍhati to draw away,remove; °kamati walk away; °gacchati go away; °nidhāti put away (= a)potiqhmi,abdo); °nudati push away; °neti lead away; °vattati turn away (= āverto); °sakkati step aside; °harati take away. ‹-› 2. apa = Vedic ava (Idg. *aue; see ava for details). There exists a widespread confusion between the two preps. apa & ava,favoured both by semantic (apa = away,ava = down,cp. E. off) & phonetic affinity (p softened to b,esp. in BB Mss.,& then to v,as b › v is frequent,e. g. bya° › vya° etc.). Thus we find in Pāli apa where Vedic and later literary Sk. have ava in the foll. instances:apakanti,°kassati,°kirati,°gata,°cāra,°jhāyati,°thaṭa,°dāna,°dhāreti,°nata,°nāmeti,°nīta,°lekhana,°loketi,°vadati. (Page 50)

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