Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

《巴漢詞典》Mahāñāṇo Bhikkhu編著
adhi,+i﹐【字根I.】學習(to study)。
Pali Word Grammar from Pali Myanmar Dictionary
Concise Pali-English Dictionary by A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera
adhi:[prep.] up to; over; on; above.
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Adhi,[Vedic adhi; base of demonstr. pron. a° + suffix-dhi,corresponding in form to Gr. e)/n-qa “on this” = here,cp. o(/qi where,in meaning equal to adv. of direction Gr. dέ (toward) = Ohg. zuo,E. to].

A. Prep. and pref. of direction & place:(a) as direction denoting a movement towards a definite end or goal = up to,over,toward,to,on (see C 1 a). -- (b) as place where (prep. c. Loc. or abs.) = on top of,above,over,in; in addition to. Often simply deictic “here” (e. g.) ajjhatta = adhi + ātman “this self here” (see C 1 b).

B. adhi is freq. as modification pref.,i. e. in loose compn. with n. or v. and as first part of a double prefixcpd. ,like ajjhā° (adhi + ā),adhippa° (adhi + pra),but never occurs as a fixed base,i. e. as 2nd part of a pref.‹-› cpd.,like ā in paccā° (prati + ā),paryā° (pari + ā) or ava in paryava° (pari + ava) or ud in abhyud° (abhi + ud),samud° (sam + ud). As such (i. e. modification) it is usually intensifying,meaning “over above,in addition,quite,par excellence,super”--(adhideva a super-god,cp. ati-deva),but very often has lost this power & become meaningless (like E. up in “shut up,fill up,join up etc),esp. in double pref.-cpds. (ajjhāvasati “to dwell here-in” = āvasati “to dwell in,to inhabit”) (see C 2). -- In the explns of P. Commentators adhi is often (sometimes far-fetchedly) interpreted by abhibhū “overpowering” see e. g. C. on adhiṭṭhāti & adhiṭṭhita; and by virtue of this intens. meaning we find a close relationship between the prefixes ati adhi and abhi,all interchanging dialectically so that P. adhi often represents Sk. ati or abhi; thus adhi › ati in adhikusala,°kodhita,°jeguccha,°brahmā; adhi › abhi in adhippatthita,°pātcti,°ppāya,°ppeta,°bādheti,°bhū,°vāha. Cp. also ati IV.

C. The main applications of adhi are the foll.:1. primary meaning (in verbs & verb derivations):either direction in which or place where,depending on the meaning of the verb determinate,either lit. or fig. -- (a) where to:adhiyita (adhi + ita) “gone on to or into” = studied; ajjhesita (adhi + esita) “wished for”; °kata “put to” i. e. commissioned; °kāra commission; °gacchati “to go on to & reach it” = obtain; °gama attainment; °gaṇhāti to overtake = surpass,°peta (adhi + pra + ita) “gone in to” = meant,understood; °pāya sense meaning,intention; °bhāsati to speak to = address; °mutta intent upon; °vacana “saying in addition” = attribute,metaphor,cp. Fr. sur-nom; °vāsāna assent,°vāseti to dwell in,give in = consent. -- (b) where:°tiṭṭhati (°ṭṭhāti) to stand by = look after,perform; °ṭṭhāna place where; °vasati to inhabit; °sayana “lying in”,inhabiting. -- 2. secondary meaning (as emphatic modification):(a) with nouns or adjectives:adhi-jeguccha very detestable; °matta “in an extreme measure”,°pa supreme lord; °pacca lordship; °paññā higher,additional wisdom; °vara the very best; °sīla thorough character or morality. -- (b) with verbs (in double pref.-cpds.); adhi + ava: ajjhogāheti plunge into; ajjhoṭhapeti to bring down to (its destination); °otthata covered completely; °oharati to swallow right down. adhi + ā: ajjhappatta having reached (the end); ajjhapīḷita quite overwhelmed; °āvuttha inhabited; °ārūhati grown up over; °āsaya desire,wish (cp. Ger. n. Anliegen & v. daranliegen). adhi + upa: ajjhupagacchati to reach,obtain; °upeti to receive; °upekkhati “to look all along over” = to superintend adhi + pra: adhippattheti to long for,to desire.

Note. The contracted (assimilation-)form of adhi before vowels is ajjh- (q. v.). (Page 27)
Pali-Dictionary Vipassana Research Institute
adhi:Above,over,superior to
Pali Viet Dictionary Bản dịch của ngài Bửu Chơn.
ADHI:pre trên,trên cao,cao lên
Tipiṭaka Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary တိပိဋက-ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္
ဥပသာရပုဒ္ ၂ဝ-တို႔တြင္ တပုဒ္။ (၁) လြန္ကဲျခင္း။ အဓိသီလ-ၾကည့္။ (၂) အစိုးရျခင္း။ (၃) သရဇၩာယ္ျခင္း။ အဇၩယတိ-ၾကည့္။ (၄) စီရင္ျခင္း,ေဆာက္တည္ျခင္း။ အဓိ႒ာတိ,အဓိ႒ာန-တို႔ၾကည့္။ (၅) ေရာက္ျခင္း။ အဓိဂစၧတိ-ၾကည့္။ (၆) ဆုံးျဖတ္ျခင္း။ အဓိေမာကၡ-ၾကည့္။ (၇) လႊမ္းမိုး-ႏွိပ္စက္-ျခင္း။ အဓိဘူတ-ၾကည့္။ (၈) အထက္၌ ျဖစ္ျခင္း။ အဓိေရာဟ-ၾကည့္။ (၉) အထူးျပဳျခင္း။ အဓိမုတၱ (၂) ၾကည့္။ (၁ဝ) စပ္လ်ဉ္းျခင္း။ အဓိေဒဝဉာဏဒႆန-ၾကည့္။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
လြန္ျခင္း။ အထက္၌ျဖစ္ျခင္း။ လႊမ္းမိုးျခင္း။ အစိုးရျခင္း။ စေသာအနက္တို႔၌ျဖစ္ေသာ ဥပသာရပုဒ္။
အဓိေဒေဝသု၊ နတ္တို႔ကို အစိုးရသည္။ အဓိနေစၥ၊ ကေခ်သည္တို႔ကို အစိုးရသည္။

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